The Athabasca Basin is a region in the Canadian Shield of northern Saskatchewan and Alberta, Canada. It is best known as the world's leading source of high-grade uranium and currently supplies about 20% of the world's uranium.
The basin is located just to the south of Lake Athabasca, west of Wollaston Lake, and encloses almost all of Cree Lake. It covers about 100,000 square kilometres (39,000 sq mi) in Saskatchewan and a small portion of Alberta. The surface of the basin consists of main sandstone sediment varying from 100 to 1,000 metres (330 to 3,280 ft) in depth. The uranium ore is mostly found at the base of this sandstone, at the point where it meets the basement.
On the northern and eastern edges are the communities of Fort Chipewyan in Alberta and Camsell Portage, Stony Rapids, Fond du Lac, Black Lake and Wollaston Lake in Saskatchewan. Much of the Athabasca Basin is within the migratory range of the Beverly caribou herd  a major source of sustenance for the Denesuline communities.
Points North Landing, a permanent supply depot and camp, serves the eastern area of the basin.
Road access to the area is provided by Saskatchewan Highway 955 from the village of La Loche on the west side and Saskatchewan Highway 914 and Saskatchewan Highway 905 north of the town of La Ronge on the east side.
Uranium was discovered in the region in the 1940s. The first mine in the area was the Rabbit Lake Mine, which was discovered in 1968 by Gulf Mineral Resources and opened in 1975. The most important current mine is Cameco's McArthur River mine, the world's largest high-grade uranium mine.
- "World Uranium Mining". World Nuclear Association. Archived from the original on 18 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-24.
- "The Beverly Caribou Herd: Continental Wilderness Travellers" (PDF). taiga.net. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-06-09. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- Comparisons of the 2005 Geologic Map of North America with the 1965 Map, Areas 1-4 Archived September 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Map of the Beverly and Qamanirjuaq caribou range
- Aerial exploration of the Carswell impact structure and maps of the Athabasca Basin
- Uranium in Canada
- Athabasca Basin, Saskatchewan
- Uranium in Alberta
- Overview of Athabascan Unconformity Uranium deposits