Athienou

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Athienou
Church of Panayia Chriseleousa
Church of Panayia Chriseleousa
Athienou is located in Cyprus
Athienou
Athienou
Coordinates: 35°04′N 33°32′E / 35.067°N 33.533°E / 35.067; 33.533Coordinates: 35°04′N 33°32′E / 35.067°N 33.533°E / 35.067; 33.533
Country Cyprus
DistrictLarnaca District
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total5,017
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
7600
Websitewww.athienou.org.cy
Concise presentation of Athienou

Athienou (Greek: Αθηένου or Αθηαίνου [locally [aθiˈenu]]) is a village in Larnaca District, Cyprus. It is one of only four villages located within the United Nations Buffer Zone, the other three being Pyla, Troulloi and Deneia. Today, Athienou has a population of around 5,000 people and since 1990 has been home to Davidson College's Athienou Archaeological Project. The town's city hall includes a museum of local history and culture that was established in 2008.

Toponymy[edit]

It is considered by many, that the name of the village Athienou, derived from the ancient Greek word, "Atta" (Greek: Αττα) or "Atha" (Greek: Αθθα), meaning large rock, which characterized the rocky land of the village.

Others believe that the name was given by a group of Athenians (travellers from Athens), who came and settled in the village, to remember their home town.

According to another theory, the name derives from a Lusignan called Etienne, who lived in the area, and the people who lived in the village were mentioning his house as "Etienne's Place" (Greek: "Στου Ετιένου", stou etiennou), and in later years that changed into Athienou.[2][3]

History[edit]

It has been a settlement since Middle Bronze Age.[4] [5] [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "C1. POPULATION ENUMERATED BY SEX, AGE, DISTRICT, MUNICIPALITY/COMMUNITY AND QUARTER (1.10.2011)", Population - Place of Residence, 2011, Statistical Service of the Republic of Cyprus, 2014-04-17, archived from the original on 2014-04-20, retrieved 2014-04-20
  2. ^ "Municipality of Athienou - One of the most ancient municipalities". Municipality of Athienou. Archived from the original on 11 October 2008. Retrieved 20 July 2008.
  3. ^ Agelarakis A., “Paleopathology and its Contributions to the Decipherment of the Human Condition in Antiquity: A Preliminary Report for the Case of two Skeletal Populations from Malloura in Cyprus”, Report of the Department of Antiquities, Cyprus, 1997: 239-250
  4. ^ According to chart on the wall in exhibit room number 1 at the Larnaca District Museum
  5. ^ Dothan, Trude and Amnon Ben-Tor, "Excavations at Athienou, Cyprus, 1971-2 (Preliminary Report)," Israel Exploration Journal Vol. 22, No. 4 (1972), pp. 201-208.
  6. ^ Dothan, Trude & Amnon Ben-Tor, Qedem 16 (1983), Jerusalem.

External links[edit]