Auckland Libraries

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Auckland Libraries
Ngā Whare Mātauranga o Tāmaki Makaurau
Established 2010
Location Auckland, New Zealand
Branches 55[1]
Collection
Size Approx. 3.5 million items[2]
Access and use
Circulation Approx. 16 million items borrowed annually[2]
Population served Approx. 12 million annual visitors[2]
Other information
Director Allison Dobbie (Manager Libraries)
Website Auckland Libraries
The Central City Library in the Auckland CBD.

Auckland Libraries is the public library system for the Auckland region of New Zealand. It was created when the seven separate councils in the Auckland region merged in 2010.[3] It is currently the largest public library network in the Southern Hemisphere with 55 branches from Wellsford to Waiuku.[4]

History[edit]

In November 2010, Auckland's local councils merged to create the Auckland Council. As a result of this process, the seven public library systems within the region were combined to form Auckland Libraries. The following is a list of library networks that amalgamated to form the current Auckland Libraries:

  • Auckland City Libraries
  • Bookinopolis (in the Franklin District)
  • Manukau Libraries
  • North Shore Libraries
  • Papakura Library Services - The Sir Edmund Hillary Library
  • Rodney Libraries
  • Waitakere Libraries

The process of amalgamation[edit]

In the years leading up to the merger of the library systems within Auckland, the separate library systems combined to form a consortium so that they could align their processes. This organisation was called eLGAR ("Libraries for a Greater Auckland Region"). This consortium settled on Millenium as their Library Management System (LMS) and the libraries within this system all moved to this software. The result was that the library systems were able to offer their customers a seamless transition to membership of the larger network, with immediate access to all 55 libraries from November 1, 2010 (the first day of the new council).

Auckland City Libraries[edit]

Prior to the amalgamation, Auckland City Libraries was a network of 17 public libraries and a mobile library operated by Auckland City Council.

In September 1880, the Auckland City Council took responsibility for the library of the Auckland Mechanics Institute (which dated back to 1842, but had come under financial difficulties). In 1887, Sir George Grey donated around 8,000 books (doubling the existing collection) and a new building was erected for the library on the corner of Wellesley Street and Coburg (now Kitchener) Street. At the time, this building housed the entire collection for the Auckland public library in addition to the city's art collection. Additionally, from its inception in 1916 until it was closed in 1957, The Old Colonists’ Museum was also in this building.[5] This building is now the Auckland Art Gallery.[3]

Former Auckland City Libraries logo

The building that currently houses the Central City library was opened in 1971.[6]

Bookinopolis[edit]

Before amalgamation three public libraries made up Bookinopolis: Pukekohe, Waiuku and Tuakau. A municipal library had first been established at Pukekohe in 1913 and at Waiuku in 1946, in each case taking over an existing subscription library. Tuakau Public Library was opened in 1977. After local body amalgamation in 1989 these three libraries formed the Franklin District library system. In 2000 this was taken over by the Franklin District Library Trust (from 2009 the Franklin Arts, Culture & Library Trust). The Trust renamed its library system ‘Bookinopolis’. In 2010 the Pukekohe and Waiuku libraries became branches of Auckland Libraries, but because of boundary changes Tuakau was taken over by Waikato District Council.[7]

Manukau Libraries[edit]

When Manukau City Council was formed by the amalgamation of Manukau County and Manurewa Borough in 1965, it took over responsibility for a small subscription library at Māngere East and volunteer-run community libraries in Alfriston, Beachlands, Clevedon, Kawakawa Bay, Maraetai, Orere Point and Weymouth. The newly formed city opened its first full-service public library at Manurewa in 1967. This was followed by children’s libraries at both Otara and Māngere East in 1969, branch libraries at Pakuranga in 1973 and Manukau City Centre in 1976, and a combined school and public library at Ngā Tapuwae College in 1978. Then came Māngere Bridge in 1979, Māngere Town Centre (which replaced Ngā Tapuwae) in 1980 and Highland Park in 1987.

Local body amalgamation in 1989 saw two more libraries added to the system: Papatoetoe and Howick, where the municipal library services dated from 1945 and 1947 respectively. In 1958 Papatoetoe Library had earned the distinction of setting up the first municipal mobile library service in New Zealand.

Manukau Libraries’ last three branches were Clendon (1995), the innovative Tupu-Dawson Road Youth Library (2001), and the Botany Idealibrary (2004). Clendon was renamed Te Matiriki-Clendon when it was relocated in 2006. Throughout its life, Manukau Libraries operated as a dispersed rather than a centralised library system. However, in 2001 it also opened a reference and reading room near Manukau City Centre that later expanded into the Manukau Research Library. By 2010 Manukau Libraries operated 13 branch libraries, a research library, five volunteer-run ‘rural libraries’ and a mobile library service.[7]

North Shore Libraries[edit]

Prior to the amalgamation, North Shore Libraries was a network of six libraries and a mobile library service operated by North Shore City Council. These libraries had originally been brought together by an earlier amalgamation of local government branches - in 1989, North Shore council was formed by combining the various boroughs that had previously existed in this area.

Current Operation[edit]

Membership of Auckland Libraries is free for residents and ratepayers of the Auckland Council region. Auckland Libraries has free lending collections and a small number of rental collections (DVDs, console games, and CDs).[8] Library members can request an item from any of the libraries in Auckland Libraries for free.

There is free internet access at all libraries and many of the libraries have wireless internet. The library system also gives access to three specialised eBook suppliers: Overdrive, BorrowBox (run by Bolinda), and Wheelers. There is also a Digital Library which includes over 100 databases.

The library system also provides a number of free events: Wriggle and Rhyme: Active Movement for Early Learning for babies; storytime for toddlers; book clubs for teens and adults; guest speakers and author talks; movie nights; school holiday programmes, computer learning classes and more.

Branches[edit]

Central South North West
Avondale Library Botany Library Albany Village Library Glen Eden Library
Blockhouse Bay Library Highland Park Library Birkenhead Library Massey Library
Central City Library Howick Library Devonport Library New Lynn War Memorial Library
Epsom Library Māngere Bridge Library East Coast Bays Library Ranui Library
Glen Innes Library Māngere East Library Glenfield Library Te Atatu Peninsula Library
Great Barrier Library Māngere Town Centre Library Helensville Library Titirangi Library
Grey Lynn Library Manukau Library and Research Centre Kumeu Library Waitakere Central Library, Henderson
Leys Institute Library Ponsonby Manurewa Library Mahurangi East Library
Mt Albert Library Otara Library Northcote Library
Mt Roskill Library Pakuranga Library Orewa Library
Onehunga Library Papatoetoe Library Takapuna Library
Otahuhu Library Pukekohe Library Warkworth Library
Panmure Library Sir Edmund Hillary Library, Papakura Wellsford War Memorial Library
Parnell Library Te Matariki Clendon Library Whangaparaoa Library
Pt Chevalier Library Tupu Youth Library
Remuera Library Waiuku Library
St Heliers Library
Waiheke Library

Heritage and Research collections[edit]

In addition to the lending and rental collections Auckland Libraries also holds a number of heritage and research collections. These are primarily held in the four regional Research Centres and Sir George Grey Special Collections.

The North Auckland Research Centre is home to heritage collections such as the Angela Morton Art History Collection and the letters of Major Donald Stott. The Angela Morton Collection is a reference collection of publications which relate to the visual art and artists of New Zealand.[9]

The Central Auckland Research Centre holds microfilms of Auckland heritage newspapers, copies of Auckland area local newspapers and the Auckland Star Clippings collection as well as a comprehensive collection of Māori, Family History and Local History published material.[10]

The South Auckland Research Centre, based at Manukau City Centre, specialises in the history of the southern and eastern parts of Auckland city (Howick, Manukau, Manurewa-Papakura and Franklin wards), but also has strong general reference, family history, Māori and New Zealand collections. The heritage collections include a wide range of books and periodicals, newspapers, photographs, maps, oral history recordings, ephemera, and manuscripts and archives. Among the unique holdings are the surviving photographic archives of the principal local newspaper, the Manukau Courier, from 1963 to 2010.

The South Auckland Research Centre has developed the unique Manukau’s Journey database, a chronology of more 7500 significant events in the history of South Auckland and the Counties Manukau area from earliest times to the present day. A number of maps and photographic images have also been digitised for release on the Footprints database.

Further south, Pukekohe Library also holds substantial heritage collections of books, photographs, periodicals and newspapers relating to the Franklin area. South Auckland Research Centre staff work closely with local historical societies and museums in the area which have heritage collections.[11]

The West Auckland Research Centre moved into the former Waitakere Central Library Reference Room in April 2013. The Local History collections includes collections of John Thomas (Jack) Diamond, who researched and collected material on the history and industries of the West Auckland region. His personal papers and research library were donated to the library in 2001. The collection contains material on Maori and the archaeology of the Waitakere Ranges and the brick, pottery and timber industries. It also includes approximately 10,000 photographs, both prints and negatives. The negative collection (8,500) is being systematically digitised and will be added in due course to the Local History Online Image Collection. The collection also includes published and unpublished material on the heritage of West Auckland, and includes books, magazines, newspapers, research files, ephemera, photographs, personal papers, community archives and over 200 oral histories.[12]

Sir George Grey Special Collections: Tā Hori Kerei - Ngā kohinga taonga whakahirahira is the most prominent among Auckland Libraries heritage collections. Since the founding gift to the citizens of Auckland by Sir George Grey in 1887, the collections have grown by purchase and generous donations by numerous benefactors to become one of the country's major heritage collections.[13]

Significant holdings include two items of documentary heritage that are part of the UNESCO Memory of the World, New Zealand register: God Defend New Zealand and the Grey Māori Manuscripts.[14] Other items of note include the first work printed in New Zealand: Ko te katihama III, printed in 1830 by William Yate who worked for the Church Missionary Society,[15] the manuscript of Robin Hyde’s unpublished autobiography and of Baron de Thierry’s Historical narrative of an attempt to form a settlement in New Zealand, a certified copy written in Māori of the Treaty of Waitangi and documents concerning the building of the stone store at Kerikeri which is New Zealand’s oldest surviving stone building.

Examples of archival collections that have been deposited are the personal papers of Jane Mander and John A. Lee as well as the records of Mercury Theatre and the Auckland branch of Greenpeace Aotearoa New Zealand. Significant photograph collections include those of Clifton Firth and Henry Winkelmann. On his retirement in 1974, Firth gave Auckland Libraries much of his surviving work, including many display prints as well as more than 100 000 photographic negatives. The Old Colonists’ Museum purchased a large collection of Winkelmann’s Auckland images from the photographer himself in 1928. These were transferred to the library after the museum’s closure in 1957.[16]

Notable international rare books include Shakespeare's First Folio (1623), Spenser’s The Faerie Queene (1590), an edition of William Blake’s prophecies: Europe & America bound together and Alexander Shaw’s A catalogue of the different specimens of cloth collected in the three voyages of Captain Cook (known as the Tapa cloth book). The Reed Dumas collection resides in Sir George Grey Special Collections. From boyhood an avid admirer of French author Alexandre Dumas, Whangārei pharmacist Frank Reed (1854-1953) gradually accumulated the most extensive Dumas collection outside France – and then bequeathed the more than 4000 items to Auckland Public Library. It includes 500 first editions in French and English, 2000 sheets of original manuscripts and 51 typescripts volumes of translations, letters and bibliographies.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Locations and hours", Auckland Libraries. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b c "About Auckland Libraries", Auckland Libraries. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  3. ^ a b "New Super City officially begins". New Super City officially begins. NZ Herald. Retrieved 8 January 2014.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Georgegrey1" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ "About Auckland Libraries", Auckland Libraries website. Retrieved 8 January 2013.
  5. ^ Barr, John (1922). City of Auckland, New Zealand, Public Library, Art Gallery, and Old Colonists' Museum : a brief historical and descriptive account. Auckland: Wilson & Horton.
  6. ^ a b Verran, David (2011). Auckland City Libraries: another chapter. Auckland Libraries.
  7. ^ a b Manukau's Journey - a Manukau timeline Auckland Libraries. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Auckland Libraries fees and charges". Auckland Libraries website. Auckland Libraries. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  9. ^ Heritage et AL: Old Colonists' Museum Ephemera Collection. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Central Auckland Research Centre". Auckland Libraries. Auckland Libraries. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  11. ^ South Auckland Research Centre Auckland Libraries. Retrieved 14 July 2015
  12. ^ Local History Online - Waitakere Library Collections - About this collection
  13. ^ Sir George Grey Special Collections. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  14. ^ NZ Register. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  15. ^ Colgan, Wynne (1980). The governor's gift : the Auckland Public Library, 1880-1980. Auckland: Richards.
  16. ^ Sharp, Iain (2007). Real gold : treasures of Auckland City Libraries. Auckland University Press.

External links[edit]