Māngere

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Mangere
Suburb
Māngere town centre
Māngere town centre
Mangere's location within the Auckland urban area
CountryNew Zealand
Local authorityAuckland Council
Electoral wardManukau
Local boardMāngere-Ōtāhuhu[1]
Population
 (2018)
 • Total21,363
Postcode(s)
2022
Railway station(s)Middlemore Railway Station
Airport(s)Auckland Airport
Mangere Bridge Favona
Mangere
Māngere East
Wiri

Mangere (officially Māngere; Māori pronunciation: [ˈmaːŋɛɾɛ]), is one of the largest suburbs in Auckland, in northern New Zealand. It is located on mainly flat land on the northeastern shore of the Manukau Harbour, to the northwest of Manukau City Centre and 15 kilometres south of the Auckland city centre. It is the location of Auckland Airport, which lies close to the harbour's edge to the south of the suburb.

Mangere has two major sub-areas: Mangere Bridge and Māngere East, with Favona (in the east) sometimes counted as part of Mangere as well.

The suburb is named after Māngere Mountain, one of Auckland's largest volcanic cones. The cone's name comes from the Māori phrase hau māngere, meaning "lazy winds", after the shelter the mountain provides from the prevailing westerly wind.[citation needed] In 2019, the name of the suburb was officially gazetted as Māngere.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
200618,750—    
201319,296+0.41%
201821,363+2.06%
Source: [3]

Māngere, comprising the statistical areas of Māngere North, Māngere West, Māngere Central, Māngere South, Māngere Mascot and Māngere South East, but not including Māngere Bridge, Māngere East, Favona or Auckland Airport, had a population of 21,363 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 2,067 people (10.7%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 2,613 people (13.9%) since the 2006 census. There were 4,317 households. There were 10,407 males and 10,950 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.95 males per female, with 5,997 people (28.1%) aged under 15 years, 5,703 (26.7%) aged 15 to 29, 8,010 (37.5%) aged 30 to 64, and 1,650 (7.7%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 11.6% European/Pākehā, 16.1% Māori, 68.1% Pacific peoples, 17.5% Asian, and 1.0% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 39.7%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 14.4% had no religion, 64.7% were Christian, and 16.3% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 1,452 (9.4%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 3,582 (23.3%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 7,236 (47.1%) people were employed full-time, 1,647 (10.7%) were part-time, and 975 (6.3%) were unemployed.[3]

Society[edit]

Mangere is often described as a very multicultural area, with Europeans, Māori, Pacific Islanders and Asians living in the area, often with large families.[4] Houses are a mixture of villas and bungalows, often located on former farms or market gardens developed by the state in the 1940s to 1960s.[4]

Mangere's most famous son is David Lange, who was the Member of Parliament for Mangere from 1977 until 1996 and Prime Minister of New Zealand. Another local personality is former heavyweight boxing champion David Tua.

William Sio of the New Zealand Labour Party has been the member of Parliament for the Māngere electorate since 2008.[5]

Marae[edit]

Mangere has three marae:[6][7]

  • Makaurau Marae and its Tāmaki Makaurau meeting house are affiliated with the Waikato Tainui hapū of Ngāti Paretaua, Te Ākitai and Ngāti Te Ata.
  • Pūkaki Marae and Te Kāhu Pokere o Tāmaki Mākaurau meeting house are affiliated with the hapū of Ngāti Pare Waiohua from Te Ākitai Waiohua, and the hapū of Te Ākitai, Ngāti Te Ata and Ngāti Paretaua from Waikato Tainui.
  • Mātaatua Marae and its Awanuiarangi meeting house are affiliated with the Ngāti Awa hapū of Ngāti Awa ki Tāmaki Makaurau.

Transport[edit]

The original Mangere Bridge was built to link Mangere with Onehunga to its north while the isthmus of Auckland reaches its narrowest point, further to the east at the former Auckland City suburb Ōtāhuhu. Later, it provided a more direct route for traffic to and from Auckland Airport. Construction of a new bridge was the subject of one of New Zealand's longest-running industrial disputes, from 1978 until 1980. The bridge was finally completed in 1983. The Southwestern Motorway (State Highway 20), one of the two motorways running south from the isthmus, runs across the bridge and through Mangere.

Passenger train Southern and Eastern Line services run along the eastern edge of Mangere, stopping at Middlemore railway station. Further north at Massey Road is Mangere railway station, closed in 2011.

Frequent bus services (15 mins schedules) connect Māngere Town Centre to Sylvia Park via Otahuhu railway station (route 32) and to Botany Town Centre via Papatoetoe railway station and Ōtara (route 31). Connections can be made with Onehunga, Auckland Airport and Manukau Bus Station on (route 380) Note: The 313 runs on a more direct route between Onehunga, Māngere, Papatoetoe and Manukau but services are at 30 min frequencies. [8]

Education[edit]

Mangere College is a secondary school (years 9–13) with a roll of 697 students.[9]

Sir Douglas Bader Intermediate School is an intermediate school (years 7–8) with a roll of 218 students.[10]

Mangere Central School and Viscount School are full primary schools (years 1–8) with rolls of 457 and 560 students, respectively.[11][12]

Jean Batten School and Nga Iwi School are contributing primary schools (years 1–6) with rolls of 384 and 346 students, respectively.[13][14]

Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Mangere is a Māori-language area school (years 1–13) with a roll of 267 students.[15]

Al-Madinah School is an area school (years 1–13) and Zayed College for Girls is a secondary school (years 7–13) with rolls of 543 and 129 students, respectively.[16][17] They are state-integrated Islamic schools on adjacent sites.

All these schools except for Zayed College are coeducational. Rolls are as of March 2020.[18]

Sport and recreation[edit]

The Mangere East Hawks rugby league club is based in Mangere at the Walter Massey Park.

The Manukau Rovers RFC rugby union club is also based in Mangere and competes in the Auckland Premier Competition.

The Mangere United football club is also based in Mangere and competes in the Auckland Football and NZ Football National League Competitions.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Māngere-Ōtāhuhu Local Board". Auckland Council. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  2. ^ "Place name detail: Māngere". New Zealand Gazetteer. Land Information New Zealand. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Māngere North (148500), Māngere West (148900), Māngere Central (150200), Māngere South (151000), Māngere Mascot (151600) and Māngere South East (152800). 2018 Census place summary: Māngere North 2018 Census place summary: Māngere West 2018 Census place summary: Māngere Central 2018 Census place summary: Māngere South 2018 Census place summary: Māngere Mascot 2018 Census place summary: Māngere South East
  4. ^ a b "Mangere – Property". The New Zealand Herald. 7 May 2005. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  5. ^ "Hon Aupito Su'a William Sio". New Zealand Parliament. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Te Kāhui Māngai directory". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni Kōkiri.
  7. ^ "Māori Maps". maorimaps.com. Te Potiki National Trust.
  8. ^ "Southern Guide" (PDF). Auckland Transport. 20 February 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
  9. ^ Education Counts: Mangere College
  10. ^ Education Counts: Sir Douglas Bader Intermediate School
  11. ^ Education Counts: Mangere Central School
  12. ^ Education Counts: Viscount School
  13. ^ Education Counts: Jean Batten School
  14. ^ Education Counts: Nga Iwi School
  15. ^ Education Counts: Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Mangere
  16. ^ Education Counts: Al-Madinah School
  17. ^ Education Counts: Zayed College for Girls
  18. ^ "New Zealand Schools Directory". New Zealand Ministry of Education. Retrieved 26 April 2020.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°58′S 174°48′E / 36.967°S 174.800°E / -36.967; 174.800