|Borough of Baden|
Residential neighborhood on Berry Street
|• Type||Borough Council|
|• Total||2.48 sq mi (6.43 km2)|
|• Land||2.26 sq mi (5.86 km2)|
|• Water||0.22 sq mi (0.58 km2)|
|Elevation||827 ft (252 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||1,716.05/sq mi (662.66/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
The site of Baden was the location of Logstown, a Native American village. The Treaty of Logstown was signed by representatives of the Iroquois Confederation, Lenape and Shawnee leaders there; George Washington visited the area to speak with the Natives himself under Queen Alliquippa. The oldest recorded house in Baden was built in the early 1800s, and it became a stopping place for farmers on their way to Pittsburgh to sell their livestock. Baden was founded as a village in 1838 and was named after the German resort town of Baden-Baden at the border of the Black Forest.
Early on, Baden was home to boat building yards, quarries, a lath mill and a gristmill. After Baden was established as a borough in 1858, it grew with the appearance of steel mills and oil wells in the area as well as the growth of the railroads, including the nearby Conway Yard, now operated by Norfolk Southern.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2), of which 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) (8.03%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,135 people, 1,897 households, and 1,081 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,913.8 people per square mile (738.0/km²). There were 1,995 housing units at an average density of 868.4 per square mile (334.8/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 96.9% White, 1.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.
There were 1,897 households, out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.0% were non-families. 37.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.72.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 17.2% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 28.2% from 45 to 64, and 24.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.9 males.
In 2000, the median income for a household in the borough was $32,924, and the median income for a family was $40,924. Males had a median income of $31,025 versus $23,813 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $17,112. About 5.1% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.5% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- Emilius Oviatt Randall, Daniel Joseph Ryan (1912). History of Ohio: The Rise and Progress of an American State, Volume 1. p. 216.
- "A History of Baden". Baden Borough. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.