Fallston's municipal building
|• Type||Borough Council|
|• Total||0.52 sq mi (1.34 km2)|
|• Land||0.48 sq mi (1.24 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||722 ft (220 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||536.69/sq mi (207.06/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Fallston takes its name from a waterfall in the Beaver River. It lies on the west side of the Beaver River immediately opposite New Brighton, Pennsylvania and about a mile below Beaver Falls. The narrow space between the hills on either side and the Beaver River was dammed at the lower falls; the water power allowed Fallston to achieve great importance as a manufacturing center. The Harris's Pittsburgh Business Directory for the year 1837 states "This place and the surrounding neighborhood, bids fair to be extensively increased, in consequence of the immense mineral and water advantages which it possesses."
The borough of Fallston, the largest manufacturing center of its time in Beaver County, was incorporated by an Act of the Assembly in 1829. A post office at Fallston was established 25 Jun 1829.
On 5 Aug 1835, the Fallston and Brighton Gazette newspaper started publication in Fallston, one of the earliest newspapers in the county. It was not able to sustain itself, and ceased publication in Nov 1836. The Beaver Falls Union and Beaver County Advocate was the Gazette's successor, starting publication in Jan 1838; when it published its last on 2 Mar 1839, the Western Argus, which started publication in 1818 elsewhere in Beaver County, attempted and was mainly successful in taking over the Advocate's readership. It continued publication for more than 86 years (with various changes in name and management over the years).
In 1836, brothers Matthew T Kennedy (1804-1884) and Samuel Kennedy (1810-1886), sons of Thomas Kennedy (1782-1821), an Irish-born wheel and spinning wheel maker, went into business building cabinets and doing wheelwright work carried on by water power. The business later changed into a nail keg, and still later into a lead keg, factory. Their business was successful and in 1876, the Kennedy brothers established a second plant in New Brighton, Pennsylvania. The business was carried on by the founders' descendants until the 1930s.
1 Oct 1836, a contract for building a covered wooden bridge over the Beaver River at Fallston was awarded to Lathrop & LeBarron. The bridge opened in 1837, and was heavily traveled. Once the bridge was opened, nearly all the manufacturing was done on the Fallston side, with most of the owners of the concerns living on the opposite side of the Beaver in New Brighton. The covered bridge stood in place until 6 Feb 1884, when flooding on the Ohio and Beaver rivers inflicted extensive damage in low-lying areas and swept it away. A fine iron bridge replaced the lost covered bridge and was still in use until February 2015.
Fallston is located at (40.719732, -80.310006).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), of which, 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (8.00%) is water.
Surrounding and adjacent neighborhoods
Fallston has three land borders with Patterson Township to the northwest, Bridgewater to the south and southeast, and Brighton Township to the west. Across the Beaver River runs adjacent with New Brighton (with a direct connector via Fallston Bridge) and Rochester Township.
As of the census of 2000, there were 307 people, 126 households, and 86 families residing in the borough. The population density was 678.7 people per square mile (263.4/km²). There were 136 housing units at an average density of 300.7 per square mile (116.7/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 93.49% White, 5.54% African American, and 0.98% from two or more races.
There were 126 households, out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the borough the population was spread out, with 22.8% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.6 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $30,000, and the median income for a family was $42,917. Males had a median income of $30,714 versus $25,625 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $15,312. About 6.8% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under the age of eighteen and 4.5% of those sixty five or over.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 13, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 123.
- Rev. Joseph H. Bausman, "History of Fallston Borough, Beaver County, Pa.", 1904.
- "Chronology of Beaver County History"
- "Fallston Papers"
- History of New Brighton Borough, Beaver County, Pa., Part 1; From: History of Beaver County Pennsylvania and its Centennial Celebration; BY: Rev. Joseph H. Bausman, A. M. Knickerbocker Press New York, 1904.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.