Balanites roxburghii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Balanites roxburghii
Balanites roxburghii.JPG
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Zygophyllales
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Genus: Balanites
Species: B. roxburghii
Binomial name
Balanites roxburghii
  • Agialid roxburghii (Planch.) Kuntze
  • Balanites indica Tiegh.
  • Balanites jacquemontii Tiegh.
  • Balanites rigida Royle ex B.D.Jacks.
  • Coccocypselum herbaceum Royle

Balanites roxburghii is a spiny, evergreen tree. It is common in open sandy plains of the Indian peninsula, western Rajasthan, west Bengal, Maharashtra and drier parts of India. The specific epithet roxburghii refers to the Scottish botanist William Roxburgh.[2]


Bark, fruit seed, leaves of the tree and the oil from seeds is of medicinal value.[citation needed]

In Mahabharata[edit]

Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 36 shloka 58 mentions the biodiversity of River Sarasvati (Sapta-Saraswat). It is one of the species found along the banks of Sarasvati River.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Balanites roxburghii". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Stearn, William (1973). A Gardenerer's Dictionary of Plant Names (Revised ed.). London: Cassell (published 1963). p. 278. ISBN 0304937215. 
  • Sands, Martin J. S. 2001. The Desert Date and Its Relatives: A Revision of the Genus Balanites. Kew Bulletin, 56: 1-128.