Banat Military Frontier

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Banat Military Frontier
district of the Military Frontier, Habsburg Monarchy

Location of Banat Military Frontier
1849–60 political map
 •  Established 1751
 •  Disestablished 1873
Today part of Serbia, Romania

The Banat Military Frontier was a district of the Habsburg Monarchy's Military Frontier located in the Banat region. It was formed out of territories of the Banat of Temeswar. Today, the territory is split between Serbia and Romania.


The Frontier was divided into Serb (Illyrian), German (Danube Swabian) and Romanian (Vlach) sections. It included parts of modern-day Banat and the south-eastern part of Bačka region, known as Šajkaška. Some of the important cities and places were: Pančevo, Bela Crkva, Titel, Žabalj, Alibunar, Kovin, and Caransebeş.


The military province of Habsburg Empire known as the Banat of Temeswar was created in 1718. In 1751, Maria Theresa introduced a civil administration for the northern part of the province. The southern part remained under military administration and was organized as the Banat Military Frontier. In 1849, this part of the Military Frontier bordered the Principality of Serbia to the south, Voivodship of Serbia and Tamiš Banat to the north, Transylvania and Wallachia to the east, and the Slavonian Military Frontier to the west. It remained a part of the Habsburg Military Frontier until it was abolished in 1871.


Map of Military Frontier sections in Banat, Syrmia and Bačka (18th-19th century)
Division Seat Notes
German Pančevo
Romanian (Vlach) Caransebeș
Serbian (Illyrian) Bela Crkva



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