Bandari music

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Bandari music (Persian: بندری‎‎) stems from Iran's south, around the Persian Gulf region.


It is a rhythmic type of dance music played fast and slow using quarter tone that can be vocalized and played. It is played during celebrations including in weddings.[1]

The definition of the word “bandari” means “of the port” is a derivation of the Persian word bandar, meaning port.[2]


The major musical instruments used in the Bandari style;

  • The nei anban is an instrument made of goat's skin similar to Irish bagpipes and is played by blowing.[3]
  • The tombak is a percussion instrument made of animal skin and the wood of the walnut tree.[3]
  • The daf is a percussion instrument made of animal skin and a wooden frame like the head of a drum, with jingles on the rim, similar to the tambourine.
  • The darbuka is a percussion instrument made of fish skin and clay.

Modern Persian Bandari bands use rhythmic instruments such as the frame drum, darbuka, djembe, talking drum, quinto, conga, and acoustic and electric drums specialized in 6/8 rhythm which are used in a creative way.[citation needed]

Bandari dance[edit]

Bandari is often referred to as "Persian Bellydance".[2][4] Bandari dance is a chain dance that often involves multiple people dancing[2] and often perform this at parties, travelling around in a circle and sometimes stepping into the centre for a solo with encouragement from other dancers, the only variations are in the arm movements.[4] It's a Persian dance that prevails in the South of Iran next to Persian Gulf and has been influenced by the African and Arabic music and dance. It is a combination of rhythmic movements in various directions according to the beat of the song. The distinct feature of this dance is the way performers wave their hands in a unique manner that resembles the cooperation of a group of fishermen at the sea.[2]


  1. ^ Persian Mirror, “The Modern Magazine for Persian Weddings” Archived December 2, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b c d "Iranian Raqs e-Bandari". Middle Eastern Dance. 2011. Retrieved Aug 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Jarahzadeh, Kamyar. "Music and Race Politics in the Iranian Persian Gulf: Shanbehzadeh and "Bandari"". Ajam Media Collective. Retrieved 2016-01-26. 
  4. ^ a b "Persian Style Belly Dance Bandari". Nazeem Allayl's Atlanta Belly Dance Studio. 2006. Retrieved Aug 25, 2014. 

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