|• Mayor (2008–2020)||Marie-Noëlle Rigollot|
|Area1||17.32 km2 (6.69 sq mi)|
|• Density||20/km2 (51/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||10032 /10200|
|Elevation||200–260 m (660–850 ft)
(avg. 219 m or 719 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Barovillois or Barovilloises.
Baroville is located some 25 km west by north-west of Chaumont and 5 km south-east of Bar-sur-Aube. Access to the commune is by the D70 road from Saint-Usage in the south-west which passes through the commune and the village and continues north to join the D396 north of the commune. The D170 goes east from the village to join the D396 on the eastern border of the commune where the D396 goes south forming part of this border. The commune is farmland in the west centre and forested in the east with the edge of a large forest on the western side.
The village is mentioned in 1095 under the name Basnoville or Barosvilla.
The names in all Merovingian and Carolingian areas that end in -ville are derived from the Low Latin villa meaning "farm" or "domain" preceded by a Germanic personal name is most often the case. This is the case for Baro according to and Ernest Nègre and Albert Dauzat.
In 1789 Baroville came under the stewardship of the Généralité de Châlons, the Electoral district of Bar-sur-Aube, the bailiwick of Chaumont and the Chatellerie of Jaucourt. During the intermediate period in the French Revolution the commune was part of the canton of Couvignon until Year IX. It was part of the Diocese of Langres and the Deanery of Bar-sur-Aube.
Sable, a bend chequy Argent and Gules of 2 tiers; in chief Vert debruised by a crozier Or itself debruised by the bend, between in chief two bunches of grapes the same stalked and leaved Argent.
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 342 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Viticulture is the main activity of the village. Baroville is one of 320 municipalities eligible for the Appellation d'origine contrôlée "Champagne". With its 217 hectares (Source: CIVC 2006) Baroville has the largest vineyards in the Bar-sur-Aube area and has over fifty vineyards. The vines are planted on a series of six valleys and include the traditional grape varieties (90% Pinot Noir, 2% Pinot Meunier and 8% Chardonnay).
Culture and heritage
The Parish Chiurch of Saint Stephen (18th century) has been rebuilt and has preserved the apse of the old church from the end of the 12th century. It contains a very large number of objects that are registered as historical objects. A complete list of these objects with links to photos and descriptions (in French) can be seen here.
- Edme Mongin (1668-1746), bishop of Bazas and member of the Académie française was born in Baroville.
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Baroville on Lion1906
- Inhabitants of Aube (French)
- Baroville on Google Maps
- Baroville on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France, Librairie Droz, 1990, Vol II, 676 pages, p. 926, ISBN 9782600001335 (French).
- Albert Dauzat and Charles Rostaing, Etymological Dictionary of place names in France, Larousse, Paris, 1963 (French)
- Baroville on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Baroville on the 1790 Cassini Map
- List of Mayors of France (French)
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