Ailleville

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Ailleville
Commune
Ailleville Street.JPG
Ailleville is located in France
Ailleville
Ailleville
Location within Grand Est region
Ailleville is located in Grand Est
Ailleville
Ailleville
Coordinates: 48°15′12″N 4°40′55″E / 48.2533°N 4.6819°E / 48.2533; 4.6819Coordinates: 48°15′12″N 4°40′55″E / 48.2533°N 4.6819°E / 48.2533; 4.6819
Country France
Region Grand Est
Department Aube
Arrondissement Bar-sur-Aube
Canton Bar-sur-Aube
Intercommunality Région Bar-sur-Aube
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Gérard Carrier
Area1 5.01 km2 (1.93 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 265
 • Density 53/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 10002 /10200
Elevation 156–296 m (512–971 ft)
(avg. 164 m or 538 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ailleville is a French commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of northern-central France.

The inhabitants are known as Aillevillois or Aillevilloises.

Geography[edit]

Ailleville is located in the valley of the Aube river some 2 km north-west of Bar-sur-Aube. The commune is traversed from Bar-sur-Aube in the south-east crossing the heart of the commune and the town to exit towards Arsonval in the north-west. There are no other highways in the commune other than small country lanes. There are no villages or hamlets other than Ailleville. The north-east of the commune is dominated by the forests of Envers de Bretonvau and Bois de Val Joudry. The rest of the commune is farmland. The southern part of the commune is traversed by a railway line running from Bar-sur-Aube railway station in the south-east to the next station at Arret-de-Jessains in the north-west. There is no station in the commune with the nearest station at Bar-sur-Aube. The nearest cities are Chaumont some 40 km to the south-east and Troyes some 40 km west.

The Aube river crosses the southern boundary of the commune and forms a small portion of the southern border of the commune. There are no discernible streams in the commune.[1]

Neighbouring Communes and Villages[1][edit]

History[edit]

The village was founded in 6 A.D. with the name "Aquilavilla" (a villa belonging to a Roman legionnaire in Latin). This villa was undoubtedly given to a Roman soldier at the end of his military service next to the famous Agrippa Roman road (Boulogne/Langres/Lyon/Turin). The name of the village changed many times:

  • Alivilla in 1152
  • Aquilevilla in 1170
  • Aillevilla in 1222
  • Aquilavilla in 1253
  • Aileville in 1270
  • Ailleville in 1306.

The Merovingians established themselves in the Roman village and in 1076 the village changed dramatically with its attachment, along with all the County of Bar sur Aube, to the County of Champagne. With the reputation of the fairs in Champagne and its proximity to Bar sur Aube, the village increased in importance. A Church, an Abbey (the Abbey of Val des Vignes), and a Chateau were built. The old vineyards planted by the Romans became reputable under Louis XIV.

The history of Ailleville was relatively peaceful until the Napoleonic Campaign of 1814. In February, during the Bar-sur-Aube battle, the village was devastated as many others in the area. Fortunately, twenty-two families in all, most of the inhabitants, were sheltered in the castle. They could rebuilt the village afterwards though several, destitute, deprived and helpless, had to depart.[2]

There are some remains of the Gallo-Roman era in the commune. The inhabitants were once known as "Braments."

Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors of Ailleville[3]

From To Name Party Position
1857 Poignee
2001 2008 Jean Beaumont
2008 2014 Gérard Carrier[4]

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 276 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
234 247 244 184 220 228 241 256 234
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
224 252 240 217 197 217 206 204 179
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
172 199 182 195 180 157 193 202 220
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 2010
214 202 230 220 232 218 270 273 276

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Ailleville War Memorial
Population of Ailleville

Sites and Monuments[edit]

A Sarcophagus and the Cistercian Cross
The Lavoir (Public Laundry)
Surviving houses from 1814
The Church of Saint Martin
  • A Chateau from the time of Henry IV
  • A Roman road from Langres to Chalons-en-Champagne
  • The Presence of Merovingian sarcophagi from the 6th-7th century around the Lavoir. These sarcophagi were found in the 1970s by the local historian Roger Rubaud at a place called Les Longues-Roies above the village.[5]
  • A Cistercian Cross next to the church from the 16th century in Corinthian style proving the existence of a Cistercian Abbey in the valley founded by the Lords of Jaucourt in 1215 at Gué de Ternant. Destroyed then rebuilt in 1309 at the foot of Côte Jobert. After being in severe decline in the 18th century it was entirely destroyed in the French Revolution.[5]
  • A Château from the 17th century flanked by four turrets.
  • A Dovecote
  • The Church of Saint Martin. The church is a simple Romanesque building from the 12th century. The choir is narrower than the nave. The building formerly depended on the chapter of Saint-Maclou of Bar-sur-Aube.[6] The church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Statuette: Education of the Virgin (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[7]
    • 4 Bas-reliefs: the Evangelists (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[8]
    • A Statue: Saint Nicholas (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9]
    • A Statuette: Saint Martin (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[10]
    • An Altar, Retable, and Tabernacle (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[11]
    • A Tombstone of Jean de Lauparet (disappeared) (1552)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[12]
    • A Tombstone for the Guillard family (1703)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[13]
    • A Ciborium (1821)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[14]
    • A Chalice (1821)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[15]
    • A Chalice (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[16]
    • A Paten (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[17]
    • An Incense lamp (1821)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18]
    • A Monstrance (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19]
    • A Statue: Saint Ambroise (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • A Statue: Saint Radegonde (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
    • A Statue: Christ on the Cross (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
    • A Stoup (stolen) (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
    • The Furniture in the Church (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1] Archived 2016-03-06 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc., as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Google Maps
  2. ^ Peudon, Jean-Louis (2014-07-18). La campagne de 1814 récit et lieux de mémoire: Le jugement de Clausewitz - Les rapports entre populations et troupes alliées (in French). Books on Demand. ISBN 9782322028658. 
  3. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  4. ^ Consul General of Aube consulted on 10 April 2008
  5. ^ a b Sign on the Church
  6. ^ Marguerite Beau: Essay on the Religious Architecture of Southern Champagne of Aube near Troyes (1991)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004539 Statuette: Education of the Virgin (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004538 4 Bas-reliefs: the Evangelists (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004537 Statue: Saint Nicholas (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004536 Statuette: Saint Martin (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004535 Altar, Retable, and Tabernacle (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10000001 Tombstone of Jean de Lauparet (in French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011605 Tombstone for the Guillard family (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011266 Ciborium (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011265 Chalice (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011264 Chalice (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011263 Paten (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011262 Incense lamp (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011261 Monstrance (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011260 Statue: Saint Ambroise (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011259 Statue: Saint Radegonde (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100010975 Statue: Christ on the Cross (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100010914 Stoup (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011696 Furniture in the Church (in French)