The church and surroundings in Ailleville
|Intercommunality||Région de Bar-sur-Aube|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Gérard Carrier|
|5.01 km2 (1.93 sq mi)|
|• Density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||156–296 m (512–971 ft) |
(avg. 164 m or 538 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants are known as Aillevillois or Aillevilloises.
Ailleville is located in the valley of the Aube river some 2 km north-west of Bar-sur-Aube. The commune is traversed from Bar-sur-Aube in the south-east crossing the heart of the commune and the town to exit towards Arsonval in the north-west. There are no other highways in the commune other than small country lanes. There are no villages or hamlets other than Ailleville. The north-east of the commune is dominated by the forests of Envers de Bretonvau and Bois de Val Joudry. The rest of the commune is farmland. The southern part of the commune is traversed by a railway line running from Bar-sur-Aube railway station in the south-east to the next station at Arret-de-Jessains in the north-west. There is no station in the commune with the nearest station at Bar-sur-Aube. The nearest cities are Chaumont some 40 km to the south-east and Troyes some 40 km west.
The village was founded in 6 A.D. with the name "Aquilavilla" (a villa belonging to a Roman legionnaire in Latin). This villa was undoubtedly given to a Roman soldier at the end of his military service next to the famous Agrippa Roman road (Boulogne/Langres/Lyon/Turin). The name of the village changed many times:
- Alivilla in 1152
- Aquilevilla in 1170
- Aillevilla in 1222
- Aquilavilla in 1253
- Aileville in 1270
- Ailleville in 1306.
The Merovingians established themselves in the Roman village and in 1076 the village changed dramatically with its attachment, along with all the County of Bar sur Aube, to the County of Champagne. With the reputation of the fairs in Champagne and its proximity to Bar sur Aube, the village increased in importance. A Church, an Abbey (the Abbey of Val des Vignes), and a Chateau were built. The old vineyards planted by the Romans became reputable under Louis XIV.
The history of Ailleville was relatively peaceful until the Napoleonic Campaign of 1814. In February, during the Bar-sur-Aube battle, the village was devastated as many others in the area. Twenty-two families in all, most of the inhabitants, were sheltered in the castle. They rebuilt the village afterwards, although several, who were destitute, deprived and helpless, had to depart.
There are some remains of the Gallo-Roman era in the commune. The inhabitants were once known as "Braments."
List of Successive Mayors of Ailleville
(Not all data is known)
Sites and Monuments
- A Chateau from the time of Henry IV
- A Roman road from Langres to Chalons-en-Champagne
- The Presence of Merovingian sarcophagi from the 6th-7th century around the Lavoir. These sarcophagi were found in the 1970s by the local historian Roger Rubaud at a place called Les Longues-Roies above the village.
- A Cistercian Cross next to the church from the 16th century in Corinthian style proving the existence of a Cistercian Abbey in the valley founded by the Lords of Jaucourt in 1215 at Gué de Ternant. Destroyed then rebuilt in 1309 at the foot of Côte Jobert. After being in severe decline in the 18th century it was entirely destroyed in the French Revolution.
- A Château from the 17th century flanked by four turrets.
- A Dovecote
- The Church of Saint Martin. The church is a simple Romanesque building from the 12th century. The choir is narrower than the nave. The building formerly depended on the chapter of Saint-Maclou of Bar-sur-Aube. The church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
- A Statuette: Education of the Virgin (18th century)
- 4 Bas-reliefs: the Evangelists (17th century)
- A Statue: Saint Nicholas (19th century)
- A Statuette: Saint Martin (18th century)
- An Altar, Retable, and Tabernacle (18th century)
- A Tombstone of Jean de Lauparet (disappeared) (1552)
- A Tombstone for the Guillard family (1703)
- A Ciborium (1821)
- A Chalice (1821)
- A Chalice (19th century)
- A Paten (19th century)
- An Incense lamp (1821)
- A Monstrance (19th century)
- A Statue: Saint Ambroise (18th century)
- A Statue: Saint Radegonde (16th century)
- A Statue: Christ on the Cross (17th century)
- A Stoup (stolen) (18th century)
- The Furniture in the Church (17th century)
- Ailleville on the old IGN website[permanent dead link] (in French)
- Ailleville on Lion1906
- Ailleville on Google Maps
- Ailleville on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
- Ailleville on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Ailleville on the INSEE website (in French)
- INSEE (in French)
Notes and references
- Google Maps
- Peudon, Jean-Louis (2014-07-18). La campagne de 1814 récit et lieux de mémoire: Le jugement de Clausewitz - Les rapports entre populations et troupes alliées (in French). Books on Demand. ISBN 9782322028658.
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Consul General of Aube consulted on 10 April 2008
- Sign on the Church
- Marguerite Beau: Essay on the Religious Architecture of Southern Champagne of Aube near Troyes (1991)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004539 Statuette: Education of the Virgin (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004538 4 Bas-reliefs: the Evangelists (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004537 Statue: Saint Nicholas (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004536 Statuette: Saint Martin (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10004535 Altar, Retable, and Tabernacle (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM10000001 Tombstone of Jean de Lauparet (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011605 Tombstone for the Guillard family (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011266 Ciborium (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011265 Chalice (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011264 Chalice (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011263 Paten (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011262 Incense lamp (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011261 Monstrance (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011260 Statue: Saint Ambroise (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011259 Statue: Saint Radegonde (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100010975 Statue: Christ on the Cross (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100010914 Stoup (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM100011696 Furniture in the Church (in French)
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