Barra Velodrome

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Not to be confused with Rio Olympic Velodrome.
Barra Velodrome
Velodrome Rio 2007.jpg
Interior view of the Barra Velodrome, during the 2007 Pan American Games
Location Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Capacity 5,000
Field size 250 m × 7 m (820 ft × 23 ft) track
Construction
Opened July 2007
Demolished 2013
Construction cost $35 million
Architect Sander Douma Architects

The Barra Velodrome was a track cycling venue located in Barra da Tijuca, in western Rio de Janeiro, and was one of three venues constructed as part of the City of Sports Complex for the 2007 Pan American Games, where it hosted track cycling and speed roller skating events. The venue was initially slated to host cycling events for the 2016 Summer Olympics, but was instead demolished in favour of the replacement Rio Olympic Velodrome, after the International Cycling Union (UCI) deemed the venue unsuitable for the games. The Olympic Aquatics Stadium now occupies the former site of the velodrome.

History[edit]

The facilities planned for the 2007 Pan American Games included the City of Sports Complex on the location of the Nelson Piquet International Autodrome, which encompassed an indoor arena, an aquatic center and a velodrome. The indoor arena for track cycling would be the first in Brazil and second in South America with a wooden track, designed and built in the Netherlands with Siberian Pine by Sander Douma Architects.[1] It would originally be a temporary facility, but by 2007 the Rio city administration decided to turn into a permanent one. Legal and bureaucratic issues made construction, which was supposed to have ended by the end of 2005, only pick up in early 2006, and the buildings were delivered on July 2007, shortly before the games.[2] After the conclusion of the games, the Barra Velodrome quickly became obsolete, as the venue failed to attract events in the years following the Pan American Games.[3]

After Rio de Janeiro secured the rights to host the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics, the velodrome was penned as the venue for track cycling.[4] However, in 2013 the International Cycling Union (UCI) declared, to the dismay of taxpayers and local media, that the Barra Velodrome was not suitable to host Olympic events.[5] The ICU cited various problems with the venue infrastructure, such as the pillars of the venue partially obscuring the view of the spectators and judges, and the track's design being unable to allow a cyclist to travel as fast as 85 km/h (53 mph) and 110 km/h (68 mph) - the requirement by Olympic standards. Riders during the 2007 Pan American Games were only able to achieve top speeds of 70 km/h (43 mph).[6]

It was decided after the fact that a brand new velodrome was to be built for the Olympics, and the Barra Velodrome be demolished, in a new plan for the rechristened Barra Olympic Park. Upgrading the existing velodrome to meet the standard required by the UCI, according to the Mayor of Rio de Janeiro, Eduardo Paes, would cost equally as much as building a brand new venue.[7] The original pieces of the velodrome, including entire track support structure, the grandstand seats, metallic structure and roof, light fixtures, windows, doors, elevator, pipes, aluminium frames, ducts, hydraulic and fire venue material, and the power substation electrical equipment, among other items, were sent to Pinhais, in the Brazilian state of Paraná, for use in construction projects in the city.[6] The Rio Olympic Velodrome, constructed north of the site of the Barra Velodrome, served as its replacement, hosting track cycling events at the 2016 Summer Olympics. The temporary Olympic Aquatics Stadium, which hosted swimming and water polo, was built on the former site of the Barra Velodrome. It will be succeeded by two smaller swimming venues after the conclusion of the games.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dallas, Enfold. "The Barra Velodrome, Rio de Janeiro Brazil". SDA Velodromes. Sander Douma Architects. Archived from the original on 5 August 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Universo Online staff (2007). "Pan 2007 - Complexo do Autódromo". Universo Online (in Portuguese). Grupo Folha. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  3. ^ Wagner, Fritz; Mahayni, Riad (9 March 2016). Transforming Distressed Global Communities: Making Inclusive, Safe, Resilient, and Sustainable Cities. Routledge. p. 167. ISBN 9781317007685. 
  4. ^ Vinter, Phil (18 September 2012). "Roll on Rio: Stunning waterfront plans unveiled for Brazil 2016's Olympic Park - designed by British designers who made London such a success". Daily Mail. Daily Mail and General Trust. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  5. ^ Watts, Jonathan (28 March 2013). "Rio 2016 Olympics: stadium closed indefinitely over safety fears". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  6. ^ a b PSAM staff (18 October 2013). "Rio tender for Olympic Velodrome – construction budget R$136.9m". PanStadia & Arena Management. Alad Ltd. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  7. ^ Lavelle, Moira; Troop, William (3 August 2015). "Rio may not be as ready to host the Olympics as it thought". Public Radio International. WGBH Educational Foundation. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 
  8. ^ World Build 365 staff (5 August 2016). "Sustainable Olympic aquatics stadium unveiled ready for Rio 2016 Games". World Build 365. ITE Group. Archived from the original on 21 August 2016. Retrieved 21 August 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 22°58′47″S 43°23′40″W / 22.97972°S 43.39444°W / -22.97972; -43.39444