Battle of Jellalabad

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Battle of Jellalabad
Part of the First Anglo-Afghan War
Battle of Jellalabad.jpg
The British troops (right) attack the Afghan line (illustration from a British book)
Date 12 November 1841 – 13 April 1842
Location North Eastern Afghanistan
Result British Victory
Belligerents

United Kingdom British Empire

Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg East India Company
Afghans and Ghilzai tribesmen
Commanders and leaders
United Kingdom Brigadier Sir Robert Sale Akbar Khan
Strength
British Raj 1,500 Anglo-Indian troops 5,000 tribal warriors
Casualties and losses
62 troops, including Colonel Dennie Unknown

The Battle of Jellalabad in 1842 was an Afghan siege of the isolated British outpost at Jellalabad (now Jalalabad) about 80 miles (130 km) east of Kabul. The siege was lifted after five months when a British counterattack routed the Afghans, driving them back to Kabul.

Jellallabad fortifications

The outpost was no more than a wide place in the road with a fort, held by about 2,000 troops under General Sir Robert Sale. After the massacre of the British force during their retreat from Kabul in January 1842, Jellallabad was surrounded by Afghan forces which launched a series of attacks on the force. The British managed to beat off the assaults, and even captured 300 sheep from the besieging force when rations ran short. Eventually, after five months under siege, Sale mounted an attack against the Afghan forces, captured their main camp, baggage, stores, guns, and horses and the Afghans fled to Kabul.

The defence of Jellalabad made heroes of the 13th Foot. It is reported that as the regiment marched back through India to return to Britain every garrison fired a ten gun salute in its honour. Queen Victoria directed that the regiment be made Light Infantry, carry the additional title of "Prince Albert's Own" and wear a badge depicting the walls of the town with the word “Jellalabad”.[1]

W. L. Walton a landscape artist, working in London, who exhibited between 1834 and 1855, made the lithographic plates for General Sale's Defence of Jalalabad (c. 1845).[2]



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Coordinates: 34°26′03″N 170°26′52″E / 34.43417°N 170.44778°E / 34.43417; 170.44778