Battle of Jinzhou

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Battle of Jinzhou
Part of the Liaoshen Campaign of Chinese Civil War
Final Attack on Jinzhou.jpg
People's Liberation Army launches final assault on Jinzhou
DateOctober 7 – 15, 1948
41°05′45″N 121°07′33″E / 41.0957°N 121.1258°E / 41.0957; 121.1258Coordinates: 41°05′45″N 121°07′33″E / 41.0957°N 121.1258°E / 41.0957; 121.1258
Result Decisive Communist victory
Flag of the Republic of China Army.svg National Revolutionary Army

Flag of the Chinese Communist Party (Pre-1996).svg People's Liberation Army

Commanders and leaders
Fan Hanjie (POW) Lin Biao
Luo Ronghuan
Liu Yalou
~150,000 250,000
Casualties and losses
20,000 deaths, 80,000 captured 24,000

Battle of Jinzhou (simplified Chinese: 锦州之战; traditional Chinese: 錦州之戰; pinyin: Jînzhou Zhīzhàn) was a battle between the People's Liberation Army and the National Revolutionary Army during the Liaoshen Campaign in the Chinese Civil War. The battle was a turning point in the campaign, which eventually led to capture of Northeast China by the Communist Party.


Jinzhou is where the main route from central China through Shanhai Pass enters Manchuria, and is a key strategic point. The fall of Jinzhou to the Communists would allow the Communist to drive into the North China Plain. Mao Zedong addressed the importance of capturing Jinzhou in a telegram to the Communist commanders in the Northeast, saying that the key to the success of the entire Liaoshen Campaign is "to strive to capture Jinzhou in one week." [1]

Outside the city[edit]

To attack Jinzhou, it was necessary for the PLA to clear away the Nationalist positions in the outskirts of Jinzhou. Between October 8 to October 13, the Communists captured all the Nationalist strongholds outside Jinzhou, which set up the final assault on October 14. In the meantime, in the Battle of Tashan nine PLA divisions defeated eleven NRA divisions attempting to reinforce Jinzhou.

Final assault[edit]

The PLA massed 900 artillery pieces, and launched the final assault on Jinzhou on October 14, 1948. The entire defensive line of Jinzhou was broken through soon after. Nationalist resistance ended the next day on October 15.



  1. ^ Mao Zedong Military Anthology, Page 480-482


  • Lary, Diana (2015). China's Civil War: A Social History, 1945-1949. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107294417.