Beberibe

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Beberibe
Municipality
Beberibe Cliff and Morro Branco Beach
Beberibe Cliff and Morro Branco Beach
Location in Ceará  state
Location in Ceará state
Beberibe is located in Brazil
Beberibe
Beberibe
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 4°11′S 38°08′W / 4.183°S 38.133°W / -4.183; -38.133Coordinates: 4°11′S 38°08′W / 4.183°S 38.133°W / -4.183; -38.133
Country  Brazil
Region Northeast Region
State Ceará
Population (2006)
 • Total 46,439
Time zone BRT (UTC-3)
Website www.beberibe.ce.gov.br

Beberibe is a municipality in the state of Ceará in Brazil. Its estimated population in 2006 is 46,439.

The municipality was created on June 5, 1892, and incorporated July 18, 1892. The name 'Beberibe' means "where the sugar cane grows".

Geography[edit]

The headquarters of the municipality are located in the town of Beberibe, which is situated about 80 km SE of Fortaleza, the state capital of Ceará. Near the town of Beberibe, and extending south-east along the coastline, are many magnificent beaches, popular with tourists. Sports such as kitesurfing are also popular at many of these beaches.

The Beberibe Cliffs Natural Monument was instituted in 2004 to protect the sea cliffs of Beberibe, which at that time were being visited by 400 people per day. The designation protects the cliffs from damage, and allows visitors to access them only with authorized guides.[1] The municipality contains the 29,794 hectares (73,620 acres) Prainha do Canto Verde Extractive Reserve, created in 2009 to protect a fishing community after a lengthy struggle against real estate speculators.[2]

The municipality is divided into several rural districts, aside from the municipal seat of the township of Beberibe. The districts are Parajuru, Paripueira, Itapeim, Sucatinga, and Serra do Félix. The districts are named after the major towns in them.

History[edit]

The first register of Beberibe was in 1691, when a small cluster of buildings were built on the "sesmaria" given to Manuel Nogueira Cardoso, Sebastião Dias Freire, João Carvalho Nóbrega and Capitão Domingos Ferreira Chaves.

But it was not until the start of the 19th century that the village became occupied, when Baltazar Ferreira do Vale, a resident of Riacho Fundo, in Cascavel, and Pedro Queiroz Lima, a resident from the farm of Mirador, in Aquiraz, bought farms there. The farm of Baltazar was suitable for population, and the town of Beberibe developed from there.

The area around Beberibe was originally named Uruanda by the native peoples of Brazil, and Beberibe was the name of the plot of land owned by Brasiliano Ferreira de Araújo, which is currently the site of the city's municipal headquarters. Brasiliano donated some of this land for the construction of the local church, which encouraged rapid growth of the town. The church was inaugurated in 1875, by which time the town was widely known as Beberibe. The Municipality of Beberibe was created in 1892, and fell in the judicial district of Cascavel.

However, the status of Beberibe as a Municipality or a District continually changed up until 1951, when, petitioned by Appeals Court judge Boanerges Facó, the governor Raul Barbosa passed a law establishing Beberibe as a municipality, and the autonomy which came with such a designation. It was not until 1955, however, that the Municipality was officially installed.

Beberibe, as its name origin may suggest, experienced rapid economic growth as a result of the construction of numerous sugar mills in the region. The wealth which was produced by the rapadura industry led to the city being nicknamed "Vila Rica" (Rich Town). Many mills have now gone bankrupt, and the rapadura industry declined, so the name no longer applies.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clícia Weyne (2004-03-06), Decreto Torna Falésias de Beberibe Monumento Natural (in Portuguese), Estado do Ceará, archived from the original on 2016-06-03, retrieved 2016-05-06 
  2. ^ RESEX Marinha Prainha do Canto Verde (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-09-10