Bedr Khan Bey

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The Bedirkhan family in the generation after Badr Khan Beg

Bedr Khan Beg(Turkish: Bedirhan Bey; 1803–1868) was the last Kurdish emir and mutesellim of the Bohtan Emirate.

An ethnic Kurd, he was born in Cizre (now in Turkey). He began to lose his power due to the centralist policies of the Ottoman Empire, which culminated in the Tanzimat Edict of 1839 and its application the following year. Following the Battle of Nizip in 1839, Bedr Khan emerged as the dominant Kurdish ruler in central Kurdistan.[1]

After allying himself with Khan Mahmoud of Mukus, Nurallah of Hakkari and Ismael Pasha of Amadiya, Bedr Khan encouraged conflict with the local Assyrian population, and was responsible for the massacres of Nestorian Christians in 1843 and 1846. In 1842, the Ottomans attempted to divide Bedr Khan's territories by switching the administrative jurisdiction of Cizre from Diyarbekir to Mosul.[1]

Pressure from the European powers led the Ottomans into invading his territories in 1846-7, with Omer Pasha's 12,000 strong Ottoman force defeating the Kurdish army in the field near Zeitun, Czîra botan .[2] Bedr Khan was deported to Crete in 1850.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History of the Kurds – The Kurdistan Memory Programme". kurdistanmemoryprogramme.com. Retrieved 2019-03-09.
  2. ^ Reid, James J. (2000). Crisis of the Ottoman Empire: Prelude to Collapse 1839-1878. Franz Steiner Verlag. ISBN 9783515076876.
  3. ^ Gaunt, D; Beṯ-Şawoce, J (2006), Massacres, resistance, protectors: Muslim-Christian relations in Eastern Anatolia during World War I, Gorgias Press LLC, p. 32, ISBN 978-1-59333-301-0

Further reading[edit]

  • Mehmet Alagöz, Old Habits Die Hard, A Reaction to the Application of Tanzimat Edict: Bedirhan Bey's Revolt, MA Thesis, Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey, 2003
  • Martin van Bruinessen, Agha, shaikh, and state : the social and political structures of Kurdistan
  • Nazmi Sevgen, Doğu ve Güneydoğu Anadolu'da Türk beylikleri: Osmanlı belgeleri ile Kürt Türkleri tarihi