Tatvan

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Tatvan
Overview of Tatvan from Nemrut-Dagi
Overview of Tatvan from Nemrut-Dagi
Tatvan is located in Turkey
Tatvan
Tatvan
Coordinates: 38°30′08″N 42°16′53″E / 38.50222°N 42.28139°E / 38.50222; 42.28139Coordinates: 38°30′08″N 42°16′53″E / 38.50222°N 42.28139°E / 38.50222; 42.28139
CountryTurkey
ProvinceBitlis
Government
 • MayorMehmet Emin Geylani (AKP)
 • KaymakamMehmet Ali Özkan
Area
 • District1,606.46 km2 (620.26 sq mi)
Elevation
1,690 m (5,540 ft)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
67,035
 • District
85,490
 • District density53/km2 (140/sq mi)
Post code
13200
Websitewww.tatvan.bel.tr

Tatvan (Kurdish: Tetwan[3] Armenian: Դատվան, romanizedDatvan) is a city on the western shore of Lake Van. It is the chief city of Tatvan District within Bitlis Province in eastern Turkey, and has about 96,000 inhabitants. The current Mayor is Mehmet Emin Geylani (AKP).[4]

History[edit]

The citadel at Eski Tatvan possibly dates back to the Urartian period; it was used until at least the 17th century.[5] Sayf al-Dawla, the Hamdanid emir of Aleppo, visited Tatvan in 939/40;[5] while he was here, he received the submission of the Armenian prince Ashot III of Taron.[6] The town was historically a stage on the route from Van to Bitlis.[5] By the 20th century, though, Tatvan had dwindled to a mere village, little more than "a cluster of houses by a jetty".[5] It only developed back into a town until transport links improved around mid-century, with the construction of the railway in the 1950s and the improvement of the road to Van in 1964.[5] In the 1980s, T.A. Sinclair wrote that the Denizcilik Bankası (Shipping Company) ran a good hotel on the south side of town, which was often full; the other hotels at the time, he wrote, were in the town center and were not good.[5]

Transport[edit]

The Tatvan Pier railway station, which is the eastern terminus of the railway line between Ankara and Teheran, with freight and passenger trains.[7] It is connected eastwards to Van, 100 km away, and westwards to the rest of Turkey, by State Road D300. There is also a train ferry across the lake Van.[7] The ferry was upgraded in 2015.

There is no railway around the lake to Van; it is intended eventually to build one but to date there are no plans. This would actually create an unbroken rail link between Europe and the Indian subcontinent, as Van is effectively the western terminus of the Iranian railway network.

There is a bus station about 500 meters from the train station.[8]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Tatvan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
1.5
(34.7)
5.1
(41.2)
11.5
(52.7)
17.2
(63.0)
23.3
(73.9)
28.1
(82.6)
28.0
(82.4)
23.8
(74.8)
16.1
(61.0)
8.9
(48.0)
2.9
(37.2)
13.9
(57.1)
Average low °C (°F) −5.0
(23.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.8
(37.0)
6.9
(44.4)
10.8
(51.4)
14.5
(58.1)
14.2
(57.6)
10.6
(51.1)
5.7
(42.3)
0.7
(33.3)
−3.2
(26.2)
4.2
(39.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 89
(3.5)
107
(4.2)
111
(4.4)
124
(4.9)
79
(3.1)
26
(1.0)
6
(0.2)
6
(0.2)
13
(0.5)
80
(3.1)
108
(4.3)
95
(3.7)
844
(33.2)
Source: Climate-data.org

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. ^ Avcýkýran, Dr. Adem (ed.). "Kürtçe Anamnez, Anamneza bi Kurmancî" (PDF). Tirsik. p. 55. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  4. ^ Şafak, Yeni (2019-05-11). "Bitlis Tatvan Seçim Sonuçları – Tatvan Yerel Seçim Sonuçları". Yeni Şafak (in Turkish). Retrieved 2019-11-06.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Sinclair, T.A. (1987). Eastern Turkey: An Architectural & Archaeological Survey, Volume I. London: Pindar Press. pp. 227, 325. ISBN 0-907132-32-4. Retrieved 20 May 2022.
  6. ^ Lilie, Ralph-Johannes; Ludwig, Claudia; Pratsch, Thomas; Zielke, Beate (2013). Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit Online. Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Nach Vorarbeiten F. Winkelmanns erstellt (in German). Berlin and Boston: De Gruyter.
  7. ^ a b "Transasia Express (Ankara Tehran train)". Rail Turkey En. 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2019-11-06.
  8. ^ "Tatvan train station". Rail Turkey En. 2018-10-14. Retrieved 2019-11-06.

External links[edit]

Media related to Category:Tatvan at Wikimedia Commons