Cover art for Beijing Bicycle
|Directed by||Wang Xiaoshuai|
|Produced by||Peggy Chiao|
Arc Light Films
|Written by||Wang Xiaoshuai|
|Music by||Wang Feng|
|Edited by||Liao Ching-Song|
|Distributed by||Sony Pictures Classics|
|17 February 2001|
(Berlin International Film Festival)
Beijing Bicycle (simplified Chinese: 十七岁的单车; traditional Chinese: 十七歲的單車; pinyin: Shí Qī Suì de Dānchē; literally: seventeen-year-old's bicycle' or 'seventeen-year-old bachelor'') is a 2001 Chinese drama film by Sixth Generation Chinese director Wang Xiaoshuai, with joint investment from the Taiwanese Arc Light Films and the French Pyramide Productions. The film stars first-time actors Cui Lin and Li Bin, supported by the already established actresses Zhou Xun and Gao Yuanyuan. It premiered at the Berlin International Film Festival on 17 February 2001 and won the Jury Grand Prix, but was subsequently banned in Mainland China. The ban was eventually lifted in 2004.
Beijing Bicycle revolves around a seventeen-year-old boy Guei (Cui) from the countryside who came to Beijing to seek work. He finds a job with a courier company, which assigns him a brand-new bicycle. After it is stolen one day, the stubborn Guei goes on a search for his missing bicycle. At the other end of the city, Jian (Li) is a schoolboy who buys Guei's stolen bicycle from a second-hand market. When Guei's search brings the two boys together, more than the ownership of the bicycle is brought into question. The film explores the theme of youth as well as several social issues, including class, youth delinquency, theft, and rural-urban socio-economic divisions and change.
Guei (played by Cui Lin) is a seventeen-year-old country boy who came to Beijing to make a living. Along with a number of other boys from the country, Guei finds employment with a courier company, which assigns them brand-new bicycles for use in their deliveries. The company manager (Xie Jian) announces to them that since the bicycles do not yet belong to them, they will only earn twenty percent of the commission. But once they have made enough deliveries to earn the bicycles, their share will be raised to fifty percent. Within two months Guei has made enough to earn his bicycle. However, on the day that Guei is due to take over the ownership, the bicycle is stolen while he is picking up a document. The manager fires Guei for neglecting to deliver the package, but, upon the latter's pleas, agrees to take him back if he succeeds in recovering his bicycle.
At the other end of the city, Jian (Li Bin) is a seventeen-year-old schoolboy who longs for a bicycle of his own so he can ride with Xiao (Gao Yuanyuan), the girl he fancies. His hopes are dashed when his father (Zhao Yiwei) delays buying a bicycle for him yet again so that his younger stepsister Rong Rong (Zhou Fanfei) can go to a prestigious school. This frustrates Jian, who steals some money from his family and pays 500 yuan to a second-hand dealer for a bicycle—the one that used to belong to Guei.
Meanwhile, the stubborn Guei embarks on a search for his bicycle. By chance, his friend Mantis (Liu Lei) spots Jian with the bicycle. Guei tries to make off with the bicycle but is stopped by Jian and his gang of schoolboys. The determined Guei follows Jian home and steals back the bicycle from where Jian hides it. The manager keeps his promise and takes Guei back. However, when Guei shows up at the courier company on another day, he finds Jian and his gang waiting for him. He tries to escape but the gang chases him down and, after giving him a beating, forcibly re-takes the bicycle.
When Jian returns home, he finds his father waiting for him at the door, along with Guei. Thinking that his son was the bicycle thief, the enraged father gives Jian a rapping and lets Guei take his bicycle. However, Jian and his gang track down Guei again the next day and after long hours of negotiation, the two sides reach a pact: Guei and Jian are to share the bicycle, each entitled to the use of it on alternate days. This arrangement persists for some days until Jian finds out that Xiao has fallen for Da Huan (Li Shuang), a bicycle freestylist. Jian hits his rival with a brick and rides off.
At their usual meeting place, Jian hands the bicycle to Guei and tells the latter that he does not need it any more. Meanwhile, Da Huan, along with his gang, comes after Jian on their bikes. Jian and Guei make off together but are cornered by Da Huan and his gang, who give both of them a serious beating. As the gang leaves, one member stays behind to wreck Guei's bicycle. In a rare burst of rage, Guei picks up a brick and smashes the head of his attacker, who collapses. Carrying his battered bicycle on his shoulder, Guei walks back alone.
- Cui Lin as Guei, a seventeen-year-old country boy making a living in Beijing
- Li Bin as Jian, a seventeen-year-old schoolboy
- Zhou Xun as Qin, a girl thought by Mantis and Guei to be a rich city girl, unrelated to main plot
- Gao Yuanyuan as Xiao, a seventeen-year-old schoolgirl
- Li Shuang as Da Huan, a bicycle freestylist
- Xie Jian as Manager, manager of a courier company, Guei's boss
- Zhao Yiwei as Jian's Father, remarried after Jian's mother died
- Zhou Fanfei as Rong Rong, Jian's stepsister
- Liu Lei as Mantis, friend and landlord of Guei
According to Elizabeth Wright of Senses of Cinema, the juxtaposition of Guei and Jian, in particular their contrasting relation to the bicycle, highlights their differences in social standing and status. Guei is a new migrant who has come to the city with hopes for better income. On the other hand, Jian comes from an upwardly motivated city family concerned with providing the children with good education. The bicycle grants Jian status among his peers and impresses Xiao, the girl he fancies. To Guei, the bicycle, besides being a tool of the trade, is also a symbol of status and pride. It symbolises his participation and success in the city and makes him less of an outsider. Director Wang Xiaoshuai depicts both the new face of Beijing's youth through Jian and alludes to the disillusion of migrants from the country through Guei.
In a secondary plot, Guei and Mantis spend their free time observing Qin, a young attractive girl living in a large house and owning a large number of clothes. They believe Qin is a rich city girl but notice that she does not seem happy or content with her material possession. Later, they find out that Qin is in fact a housemaid, also from the country, who likes to dress herself in her employer's clothes when she is home alone. According to Wright, Guei and Mantis's misconception of the Qin's social status is "an obvious indictment on the beguiling nature of surface images and material possessions".
Beijing Bicycle premiered on 17 February 2001, during the Berlin International Film Festival. The film clinched the Jury Grand Prix Silver Bear Award and its two young lead actors, Cui Lin and Li Bin, were bestowed the "New Talent Award". The film was released in cinemas in the United States on 11 January 2002 and over its 24 days on screen, earned a meager US$66,131 in box office. Many reviewers see Beijing Bicycle as having similar themes as Vittorio De Sica's 1948 classic Bicycle Thieves.
Ban in China
The film board of the Chinese State Administration of Radio, Film, and Television decided to ban the screening of Beijing Bicycle in China after the film was sent to the Berlin International Film Festival without first acquiring the board's approval. According to director Wang Xiaoshuai, he did submit the film for examination and the film board gave some suggestions for revision. However, he abandoned the efforts for a license, fearing that the revision process would not finish in time for the festival. The ban was eventually lifted in 2004, with eight modifications to the film and a truncated title of Bicycle.
Awards and nominations
- Berlin International Film Festival, 2001
- Singapore International Film Festival, 2001
- Best Asian Feature Film (nominated)
- Satellite Awards, 2002
- Best Motion Picture, Foreign Language (nominated)
- Esfehani, Amir Moghaddass (2004). "The Bicycle's Long Way to China: The Appropriation of Cycling as a Foreign Cultural Technique (1860–1941)". Proceedings of the International Cycling History Conference. 13.
- "Underground directors bicycling aboveground". China Daily. 2004-02-19. Archived from the original on 2007-12-28. Retrieved 2007-04-08.
- Full name is Guo Liangui, if written in hanyu pinyin without tone marks. In the English subtitles "Guei" is used instead.
- Name given in dialogue is Xiaoxiao.
- Name given in dialogue is Hongqin.
- "BEIJING BICYCLE". Box Office Mojo. 2002-02-03. Retrieved 2007-04-12.
- Rose, S. (2002-08-01). "The great fall of China". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-04-10.
- Sterritt, D. (2002-02-08). "A tale of two boys, one bicycle, reveals Chinese society". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 2007-04-08.
- Thomas, K. (2002-01-25). "Lives Full of Rage in the Brutal Beijing Bicycle" (PDF). Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-11-15. Retrieved 2007-04-10.
- Wright, Elizabeth (December 2001). "Riding Towards the Future: Wang Xiaoshuai's Beijing Bicycle". Senses of Cinema. Archived from the original on 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2007-04-10.
- Rose, S. "The great fall of China", The Guardian, 2002-08-01. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
- Sterritt, D. "A tale of two boys, one bicycle, reveals Chinese society", The Christian Science Monitor, 2002-02-08. Retrieved on 2007-04-08.
- Thomas, K. "Lives Full of Rage in the Brutal Beijing Bicycle", Los Angeles Times, 2002-01-25. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.
- Unknown. "Underground directors bicycling aboveground", China Daily, 2004-02-19. Retrieved on 2007-04-08.
- Wright, Elizabeth (December 2001) "Riding Towards the Future: Wang Xiaoshuai's Beijing Bicycle", Senses of Cinema 17. Retrieved on 2007-04-10.