Belarus High Technologies Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Belarus High Technologies Park (HTP) is a special economic zone with a special tax and legal regime in the Belarus, contributing to the favorable and successful development of IT business. It is a Belarusian analog of Silicon Valley in the US. Belarus HTP operates on the principle of extraterritoriality. The companies registered in it can enjoy all the advantages provided, regardless of the location of their Belarusian office.

Description[edit]

The original HTP mission is to create favorable conditions for the development of the export-oriented programming industry in Belarus, the development of other export industries based on new and high technologies, as well as to concentrate human, scientific, production and financial capacities to enhance the competitiveness of the national economy.

The organization is headed by the Director of the HTP Administration. There are two Boards in the Park structure - the Expert Board[1] and the Supervisory Board. The HTP Administration is subordinate to the President of the Republic of Belarus and reports to the Council of Ministers. It’s a legal entity at the national level and a nonprofit state institution. The HTP Administration’s activities involve creating conditions favorable for HTP residents, promoting domestic and foreign investments in information technologies and creating a modern infrastructure.[2]

The High-Tech Park is the only organization in the country that has the right to provide tax benefits on a systematic basis. Resident companies enjoy important government support: they are exempted from most taxes, including value-added tax and income tax. Further, employees of the resident companies enjoy a 30% reduction in personal income tax compared with other sectors of the economy.[2]

Highly qualified specialists enhance the competitiveness of Belarus HTP in overseas markets. They participate in IT projects of any complexity, starting from systems analysis and consulting and finishing with the design and development of complex systems. Belarusian specialists are being trained in prestigious international educational centers, such as IBM, Microsoft, SAP, Lotus, Sun, Novell. Another advantage of Belarusian developers is that they also have deep knowledge in mathematics, physics and other sciences.[3]

HTP is actively engaged in supporting IT education and innovative entrepreneurship. Today, HTP resident companies support about 80 joint laboratories in Belarusian technical universities. With the participation of HTP residents, the Educational Center of the Hi-Tech Park was established to provide re-education for adults who want to start a career in the IT industry, as well as training for employees of IT companies willing to improve their knowledge and skills. 1,629 people received training there in 2016, with 340 of them getting jobs in HTP companies. iTeen Academy for kids aged 6–15 years old also operates within the Educational Center.[2]

In 2016, the HTP business incubator in Minsk hosted 55 events (conferences, workshops, contests, hackathons, etc.) which attracted more than 9,000 participants (in 2015, there were 12 events and 2,000 participants). Here, startup companies rent offices at lower rates, receive advice on commercialization of their products and assistance in search for partners and investors.[4]

In summer 2017, a new revolutionary draft Decree regulating HTP activities has been submitted to state bodies for consideration.[5] The Decree aims to create conditions that would facilitate the inflow of international investments, the opening of foreign representative offices and development centers. The Decree was initiated by the Director of the Belarus HTP Administration Vsevolod Yanchevsky who had been responsible for ensuring state policy in the spheres of information and high technologies since 2013. For the first time, prospects of the Decree were announced by him and Viktor Prokopenya during the visit of Belarus President Alexander Lukashenko to several IT companies in Minsk on March 13, 2017.[6][7] In close cooperation with government authorities, a working group of the best specialists of the country worked on the project. It was led by the HTP Administration to ensure an effective interaction between lawmakers and people working in the IT industry. This Decree opens HTP doors for product companies, investment funds, as well as foreign companies that monetize IT products through advertising and paid subscription. Furthermore, at the initiative of Vsevolod Yanchevsky, with the proposed bill the digital currencies, as well as the mining associated with it, will be legalized and promoted. The bill will allow HTP residents to offer services of crypto exchanges, use cryptocurrencies and tokens and launch ICOs to raise funds. Belarus aims to pull Blockchain technology and cryptocurrency into the mainstream, not only in the Eastern European country but also internationally. This will allow for big mining centers to be formed which will be highly successful due to the excess and reasonable electricity that is available through the nuclear power stations in the country.[8] With this draft legislation tabled, the National Bank has tested and approved the use of Blockchain technology in the banking sphere. The first practical use of this Blockchain network in the sector is the ability to transfer information about bank guarantees. The next step will be the introduction of the Blockchain technology in the securities market.[9] On top of that, the Decree introduces separate institutes of English law that will stimulate investment activities, sets legal basis for driverless car technology, lifts many restrictions regarding financial operations for IT companies, stimulates a breakthrough in IT education, as well as creates prerequisites for new jobs and revenue growth.[5]

According to a presidential decree passed in December 2017, the High Technologies Park will become a sandbox for blockchain startups offering tax exemptions and relying on elements of English law in commercial matters.[10]

Infrastructure[edit]

The territory of the Park of High Technologies is located near the main thoroughfares of the capital: the central avenue, the Minsk ring road, the road to the National International Airport (distance to the airport is 40 km), and the Berlin-Minsk-Moscow railway line.

Despite the extraterritorial principle of registration of resident companies, according to the Decree No. 12, HTP occupies about 50 hectares of land for the construction of physical infrastructure. According to the general development plan, the High Technology Park should become the embodiment of the idea of a high-tech city whose inhabitants live, work and rest in comfortable conditions.[11]

The research and production zone will include a set of research and production buildings for HTP residents.

The residential area already consists of several multi floor buildings, as well as the kindergarten and primary school No. 31. In the business and educational zone there are a business center, offices of IT companies, a hostel for students of the IT Academy and a hotel. The public sports zone includes multi-purpose sports halls, a swimming pool, a sauna, a fitness center, a health trail, a restaurant, a café and a health center. More HTP branches are going to be opened in the regional centers of the country.

History[edit]

The initiative of creating a Belarusian analogue of the Silicon Valley originates from Valery Tsepkalo and Mikhail Myasnikovich. On September 22, 2005, the President of the Republic of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko signed the Decree "On the High Technologies Park".[12]

In January 2011, the Educational Center of HTP "IT Academy" was founded.

In September 2011, the construction of the first residential buildings began.

On January 12, 2012, India-Belarus Digital Learning Centre named after Rajiv Gandhi opened. Belarus Digital Learning Centre is dedicated to train IT-specialists and to upgrade qualifications of the professors of Belarusian technical universities.[13]

On November 3, 2014, Alexander Lukashenko signed the Decree No. 4, which amended and supplemented the Decree of September 22, 2005 No. 12 "On the Park of High Technologies". This decree expands the area of activities of HTP residents.

In May, 2015, HTP Business Incubator opened its doors to provide assistance to startup companies which develop their own products and build a special innovative environment in its co-working space designed for communication, learning, exchange of ideas and joint creativity.

In 2016, a joint educational project focused on teaching school students of grades 2-6 programming in Scratch was launched. The project was initiated by resident companies of Belarus Hi-Tech Park and supported by the HTP Administration and the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Belarus.[14]

On March 15, 2017 Vsevolod Yanchevsky was appointed director of the Belarus High-Tech Park Administration.[15] Before that, the position was occupied by Valery Tsepkalo.

Statistics[edit]

Today, HTP is one of the leading innovative IT clusters in Central and Eastern Europe. As of September 22, 2017, 187 resident companies with over 30.000 employees were registered in the HTP. The HTP resident headcount has been going up steadily over the last five years by approx. 3.000 a year.[2][16]In 2016, the exports increased by 16 percent, received foreign direct investment grew by 16 percent, and the number of IT projects implemented for the Belarusian market rose by 56 percent (compared to 2015).

In 2016, the Hi-Tech Park attracted USD 169.2 million of foreign direct investment which exceeds the FDI received in 2015 by 16 percent.

By the type of investment, 74 HTP resident-companies were established by Belarusian investors, 32 are joint companies, and 59 residents were set up by foreign investors.

HTP resident-companies delivered their services to customers from 67 countries in 2016. 49.1 percent of the exports accounts for Western Europe, and 43.2 percent – for the USA.

2006 2011 2016
Belarus`s exports of computer services, mln USD 47,9 274,1 956,8
Share of computer services in Belarus` total exports 2 % 5 % 14 %
HTP exports, mln USD 21,9 215,2 820,6
Share of HTP in Belarus` computer services exports 46 % 79 % 86 %

Table.1. Computer Services Exports. Balance of Payments by the National Bank of the Republic of Belarus.

TOP-10 Exporters in 2016:

Six companies residents of Belarus` Hi-Tech Park have been featured in the 2017 Global Outsoursing 100 list: EPAM Systems, IBA Group, Ciklum, Itransition, Intetics, Bell Integrator.[17]

Every year a new success story happens in HTP: World of Tanks, Viber, Apalon, MSQRD, Maps.me, Prisma.[18]

Mobile applications developed by HTP residents are used by more than 1 billion people in over 150 countries of the world. Some major international companies have already opened captive centers or global in-house centers in Belarus: IHS Markit, Playtika, Netcracker, Viber, Yandex, Fitbit, Ciclum, WorkFusion, etc. According to Ernst & Young survey, more than 30% of the Fortune Global 200 companies have worked with HTP residents. The most trending customers are Facebook, Microsoft, Northrop Grumman, PepsiCo, Whirlpool, 3M, Amazon.com, Cisco Systems, HP, Oracle, Xerox, Disney, Intel, Apple and IBM, which have worked with several companies from Belarus.[2]

Supervisory Board[edit]

Members of the Supervisory Board of the Hi-Tech Park:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Expert Board members Archived March 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ a b c d e "The IT industry in Belarus: 2017 and Beyond" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Belarus Hi Tech Park - Why HTP? - Benefits of HTP membership". www.park.by. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  4. ^ "Парк высоких технологий - Новости и события - Парк высоких технологий подвел итоги работы в 2016 году". www.park.by. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  5. ^ a b "9 Changes Of President Lukashenko's Decree That Will Turn Belarus Into IT-Heaven". BelarusFeed. 2017-07-17. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  6. ^ "BREAKING: Lukashenko Appoints New Head Of Belarus High-Tech Park". BelarusFeed. 2017-03-15. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  7. ^ "IT Development Council Will Be Set Up In Belarus". BelarusFeed. 2017-03-14. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  8. ^ "Belarus Stakes On Blockchain, Cryptocurrency in View of Inviting International Funds". Cointelegraph. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  9. ^ "National Bank of Belarus builds information network using blockchain". www.thepaypers.com. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  10. ^ Kudrytski, Aliaksandr (22 December 2017). "Europe's Last Dictator Wants to Run a Global Crypto Hub". Bloomberg. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  11. ^ "Парк высоких технологий - Новости и события - Валерий Цепкало: "Пусть 2013 год станет для всех нас годом новых свершений!"". www.park.by. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  12. ^ "Парк высоких технологий - Новости и события - ПВТ 2005-2011 – как все начиналось". park.by. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  13. ^ "Belarus Hi Tech Park - News&Events - India-Belarus Digital Learning Centre in ICT Named After Rajiv Gandhi Opened". www.park.by. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  14. ^ "General Information — Scratch". scratch.by. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  15. ^ "Events | The Official Internet Portal of the President of the Republic of Belarus". president.gov.by. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  16. ^ "Парк высоких технологий - Новости и события - В Парке высоких технологий зарегистрированы новые резиденты". www.park.by. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  17. ^ "Six Belarusian Developers Featured in 2017 Global Outsourcing 100 List". BelarusFeed. 2017-07-04. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  18. ^ "Belarus Hi Tech Park - About HTP Belarus - Quick Facts". www.park.by. Retrieved 2017-08-11.
  19. ^ "Парк высоких технологий - О ПВТ - Наблюдательный совет Парка высоких технологий". www.park.by. Retrieved 2017-08-11.

External links[edit]