Berau Regency

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Berau Regency
(Kabupaten Berau)
Coat of arms of Berau Regency (Kabupaten Berau)
Coat of arms
Location of Berau Regency in East Kalimantan
Location of Berau Regency in East Kalimantan
CountryIndonesia
ProvinceEast Kalimantan
RegencyBerau
Districts13
Area
 • Total21,240 km2 (8,200 sq mi)
Population
(2010 Census)
 • Total179,079
 • Density8.4/km2 (22/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (WITA)

Berau Regency (Indonesian: Kabupaten Berau) is one of the six regencies in East Kalimantan province in Indonesia.[1] The capital is Tanjung Redeb. It has an area of 21,240 km² and a population of 179,079 at the 2010 Census.[2]

Berau was formerly the name of a local sultanate that existed during the Dutch colonial period. In the early 19th century, it was divided into two separate sultanates: Gunung Tabur and Sambaliung.[3]

Administration[edit]

Berau Regency is divided into thirteen districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and 2010 Census populations:[4]

Name Area in
sq.km
Population
Census 2010
Kelay 6,586.0 4,493
Talisayan 1,030.3 10,061
Tabalar 1,585.9 5,151
Biduk Biduk 613.3 5,342
Pulau Derawan
(Derawan Island)
921.0 8,372
Maratua (islands) 35.5 3,076
Sambaliung 2,199.6 24,174
Tanjung Redeb 31.6 62,725
Gunung Tabur 1,955.7 14,938
Segah 5,144.6 8,396
Teluk Bayur 402.4 20,596
Batu Putih 858.9 6,691
Biatan 660.2 5,064

Berau Marine Conservation Area[edit]

Konservasi Kawasan Laut (KKL) Berau or Berau Marine Conservation Area is formed in 2005 has 1,321 million hectares area which lies among Pulau Panjang (Long Island), Karangtigau Cape, and Baliktaba Reef. The area has the second highest coral reef biodiversity in Indonesia after Raja Ampat Islands and third highest in the world. The ecosystem covers coral reef, mangrove forest and sea grass.[5]

Literary Significance[edit]

The novelist Joseph Conrad made four visits to Berau, stopping at Tanjung Redeb, while employed as the first mate of the merchant vessel S.S. Vidar in 1887-1888. The geographical setting and the lives of the small number of European traders based in Berau made a profound impression on him, and the setting for three of his novels (Almayer's Folly, An Outcast of the Islands and the second part of Lord Jim) is loosely based on Berau. Conrad sometimes refers to the Berau river as Pantai and uses the fictional name Sambir to refer to Tanjung Redeb.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kabupaten Berau website". Government of Indonesia. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
  2. ^ Profil Daerah Kabupaten Berau - Statistik Penduduk Menurut Jenis Kelamin
  3. ^ "Indonesian Traditional States II". World Statesmen.org. Cahoon, Ben. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
  4. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  5. ^ "Melindungi Keragaman Hayati Terumbu Karang Tertinggi Ketiga di Dunia KKL Berau". February 4, 2012.
  6. ^ Sherry, Norman (1966). Conrad's Eastern World. Cambridge: University Press.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 2°00′00″N 117°18′00″E / 2.0000°N 117.3000°E / 2.0000; 117.3000