Bhangi Misl

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A 1780 map of the Punjab Region shows the relative positions of the Sikh Misls and other states.
Sikh Confederacy
Phulkian Misl · Ahluwalia Misl · Bhangi Misl · Kanheya Misl · Ramgarhia Misl · Singhpuria Misl · Panjgarhia Misl · Nishanwalia Misl · Sukerchakia Misl · Dallewalia Misl · Nakai Misl · Shaheedan Misl
First Coin Issued by Bhangi Misl

The Bhangi Misl (Western Punjabi: ਭੰਗੀ ਮਿਸਲ (Gurmukhi), بھنگی مسل (Shahmukhi)) was a large Sikh Misl centered on a village around Amritsar. It was founded in the early 18th century by Hari Singh Dhillon. The name "Bhangi" came from the addiction of Hashish (Bhang) of Hari Singh Dhillon's predecessor Bhuma Singh Dhillon.[1]

Expanse of Bhangi Misl[edit]

It grew in strength and territory to cover an area from Attock to Multan and emerged as the strongest power in the western Punjab region.[2] However, deaths among the leadership during the late 1760s reduced the Misl's power.[2]

Decline of Power[edit]

The Bhangi misl engaged in numerous power struggles with the Sukerchakia Misl until they were severely weakened at the Battle of Basin and the loss of Lahore to Ranjit Singh.

Bhangi Misl held the possession of Zamzama, the famous cannon, which was at the time named Bhangi Toap, Bhangianwala Toap and Bhangian di Top, names it retains to this day.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Singh, Khushwant (2004-10-11). A History of the Sikhs: 1469-1838. Oxford University Press. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-19-567308-1. 
  2. ^ a b McLeod, W. H. (2005-07-28). Historical dictionary of Sikhism. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 35–. ISBN 978-0-8108-5088-0. Retrieved 10 July 2010. 
  3. ^ Singh, Khushwant A History of the Sikhs, Volume 1: 1469-1839. Oxford University Press, 2004, Page 198, Footnote 11