Boileau, Quebec

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Boileau QC 1.JPG
Location within Papineau RCM.
Location within Papineau RCM.
Boileau is located in Western Quebec
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°55′N 74°46′W / 45.917°N 74.767°W / 45.917; -74.767Coordinates: 45°55′N 74°46′W / 45.917°N 74.767°W / 45.917; -74.767[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Outaouais
RCM Papineau
Constituted March 8, 1882
 • Mayor Henri Gariépy
 • Federal riding Argenteuil—Papineau—Mirabel
 • Prov. riding Papineau
 • Total 141.30 km2 (54.56 sq mi)
 • Land 136.50 km2 (52.70 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 380
 • Density 2.8/km2 (7/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Decrease 23.8%
 • Dwellings 425
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) J0V 1N0
Area code(s) 819
Highways No major routes
Website www.municipalite
Little marina on the north end of Lake Papineau.

Boileau is a village and municipality in the Outaouais region of Quebec, Canada, part of the Papineau Regional County Municipality. The municipality was known as Ponsonby until 1993.


About 30 kilometers (19 mi) north of Montebello, the municipality is characterized by a relief ranging from 182 meters (597 ft) at Philisson Creek to 381 meters (1,250 ft) at the summit of Mont du Cimetière (Mount Cemetery). Sparsely populated, inhabited areas are the hamlets of Brookdale and Boileau and also around the Maskinongé Bay and Loup, Champagneur, and Cross Lakes.[4]


The area was first named Ponsonby on the Gale and Duberger map of 1795.[4] In all likelihood, it was named after a town in Cumberland County, England. It is also possible that it was named in honour of any of several noted persons called Ponsonby, including the Postmaster General of Canada of 1784, William Ponsonby (1744-1806).[5]

Settlers were attracted to the area by the nature's beauty and resources. They were generally from Ireland and England, or the nearby villages of Calumet and Grenville. In 1876, the Township of Ponsonby was proclaimed. In 1880, the Parish of Sainte-Valérie was formed, and a year later the Boileau post office opened, named after the first postmaster, Pierre Boileau. In 1882, the Township Municipality of Ponsonby was established.[5]

Because the village was better known as Boileau and Ponsonby was limited to purely administrative use, the municipal authorities, with the support of the majority of the population, were granted the official name change from Ponsonby to Boileau in 1993.[5]


Population trend:[6]

  • Population in 2011: 380 (2006 to 2011 population change: -23.8 %)
  • Population in 2006: 499
  • Population in 2001: 220
    • 2001 to 2006 population change: 126.8%
  • Population in 1996: 228
  • Population in 1991: 217

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 185 (total dwellings: 425)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 7%
  • French as first language: 89%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 4%


  1. ^ Reference number 274928 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 80115 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (French)
  3. ^ a b "(Code 2480115) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Ponsonby (Canton)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  5. ^ a b c "Boileau (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2009-01-20. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census