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View over the town
View over the town
Flag of Bolków
Coat of arms of Bolków
Coat of arms
Bolków is located in Poland
Coordinates: 50°56′N 16°6′E / 50.933°N 16.100°E / 50.933; 16.100
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
County Jawor
Gmina Bolków
 • Total 7.68 km2 (2.97 sq mi)
Elevation 380 m (1,250 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,301
 • Density 690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)

Bolków [ˈbɔlkuf] (German: Bolkenhain) is a town in Jawor County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. It is the seat of the administrative district (gmina) called Gmina Bolków and part of the Neisse-Nysa-Nisa Euroregion.

Overview and history[edit]

Bolków Castle

The town lies at the Nysa Szalona River, approximately 15 kilometres (9 mi) south-west of Jawor, and 70 kilometres (43 mi) west of the regional capital Wrocław. As at 30 June 2010, it has a population of about 5,301.

First mentioned as Hain in a 1276 deed, Bolków was named after Duke Bolko II of Świdnica, who died in 1368. His duchy was incorporated into the Lands of the Bohemian Crown of the Holy Roman Empire. Prior to 1945 it was in Germany. Since 1945 the town belongs to Poland.

A training camp for Jewish volunteers to Hagana was established in 1947 in Bolków. The camp trained 7000 soldiers who then traveled to Palestine and it existed until the end of 1948.[1]

Above the town stand the ruins of Bolków Castle, built in the 13th century. Devastated in the Thirty Years' War it became a property of Grüssau Abbey in 1703, though restoration efforts did not begin until 1905. Since 1997 the ruin is the site of the annual "Castle Party" Gothic rock festival.

Notable residents[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Bolków is twinned with:


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°56′N 16°06′E / 50.933°N 16.100°E / 50.933; 16.100