Bradford, Manchester

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Bradford
City of Manchester Stadium.jpg
City of Manchester Stadium, Bradford
Bradford is located in Greater Manchester
Bradford
Bradford
Location within Greater Manchester
Population15,784 (2011)
Ward Established2004
Ward Abolished2018
OS grid referenceSJ8714298193
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townMANCHESTER
Postcode districtM11
Dialling code0161
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester
53°28′49″N 2°11′43″W / 53.4803°N 2.1952°W / 53.4803; -2.1952Coordinates: 53°28′49″N 2°11′43″W / 53.4803°N 2.1952°W / 53.4803; -2.1952

Bradford is a district and until 2018 was an electoral ward in Manchester, England, two miles north east of the city centre. The population at the 2011 census was 15,784.[1] Historically in Lancashire, after the closure of its heavy industries Bradford was for many years an economically deprived area but has undergone regeneration with the building of the City of Manchester Stadium which hosted the 2002 Commonwealth Games and is now home to Manchester City F.C..[2] Bradford is neighboured by Beswick to the south and the two areas are sometimes referred to as Bradford-with-Beswick. The River Medlock and the Ashton Canal run through Bradford.

History[edit]

The name of the area is ancient and in 1196 the village was recorded as Bradeford,[3] meaning the broad ford. Up to the Industrial Revolution, it was rural with woodland, pastures and brooks. Wolves and eagles once inhabited the woodlands and honey production was part of the local economy.

Coal mining[edit]

From Tudor times (1485–1603), sufficient coal was mined to supply most of the needs of Manchester and with the onset of the Industrial Revolution, Bradford Colliery provided fuel to power steam engines in the new cotton mills that were springing up in the district. With the coming of the Ashton Canal in 1797, the colliery was connected to it by means of a private branch.

In 1871, the owner of Bradford Colliery was R. T. Parker and the occupier, for rate purposes, was T. & C. Livesey. When deeper pit shafts were sunk, seams of fireclay were discovered and consequently a brickworks was built on the north side of the colliery site to manufacture firebricks for use in lining furnaces. In 1896, the pit manager was F. L. Ward and the under-manager was George Bentley. At that time there were 404 underground workers and 125 surface workers. Coal were mined for making gas, for household and manufacturing use and for raising steam. The brickworks was operational in 1896 owned by Edward Williams. It employed three underground workers extracting clay and two surface workers. In 1935 Bradford Colliery became part of Manchester Collieries and became part of the National Coal Board on nationalisation in 1947. It remained open until September 1968 when it closed, not because its supply of coal was exhausted, but because of the damage to property caused by subsidence that would have been caused in the exploitation of new coal seams under built-up areas.

Coal from the mine was fed to the nearby Stuart Street Power Station via an underground conveyor system.

Other industries[edit]

Gasholder in Bradford, Manchester

The other large employer in Bradford was Richard Johnson & Nephew (Bradford Ironworks), manufacturers of wire of all kinds. The ironworks was close to the Ashton Canal. In 1869, a gasometer was built at the new Bradford Gasworks and this, along with the adjacent colliery, ironworks and cotton mills, was a dominant feature of the landscape.

Governance[edit]

Bradford was originally a part of the Salford Hundred in the County Palatine of Lancashire. Bradford was an independent township of the ancient parish of Manchester, having its own parochial offices under the Manchester churchwardens. In 1841 this changed and the township became a member of the Manchester Poor Law Union, which was established under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1841. From 13 April 1850 the village was a member of the Prestwich Union, constituted by order of the Poor Law Board in 1850. The Local Board was set up in 1863 under the Public Health Act of 1848. In 1896 Bradford was incorporated into the civil parish of North Manchester.

Under boundary changes by the Local Government Boundary Commission for England (LGBCE) the ward was abolished and replaced with the new electoral wards Ancoats & Beswick and Clayton & Openshaw in May 2018.[4]

Election Councillor Councillor Councillor
2004 John Longsden (Lab) John Smith (Lab) Neil Swannick (Lab)
2006 John Longsden (Lab) John Smith (Lab) Neil Swannick (Lab)
2007 John Longsden (Lab) Rosa Battle (Lab) Neil Swannick (Lab)
2008 John Longsden (Lab) Rosa Battle (Lab) Neil Swannick (Lab)
2010 John Longsden (Lab) Rosa Battle (Lab) Neil Swannick (Lab)
2011 John Longsden (Lab) Rosa Battle (Lab) Neil Swannick (Lab)
2012 John Longsden (Lab) Rosa Battle (Lab) Neil Swannick (Lab)
2014 John Longsden (Lab) Rosa Battle (Lab) Neil Swannick (Lab)
2015 John Longsden (Lab) Rosa Battle (Lab) Neil Swannick (Lab)
2016 John Longsden (Lab) Rosa Battle (Lab) Emma Taylor (Lab)
2018 Ward abolished Ward abolished Ward abolished

     indicates seat up for re-election.      indicates ward abolished and replaced with new wards: Ancoats & Beswick and Clayton & Openshaw.

Geography[edit]

B of the Bang sculpture

The Bradford township had an area of 288 acres between the River Medlock and Ashton Old Road. During the Industrial Revolution the area was covered with streets of terraced houses. The Ashton Canal crosses the township to the north and beyond the canal is Philips Park. the underlying rocks are the sandstones and shales of the Middle Coal Measures of the Manchester Coalfield.[3]

Regeneration[edit]

In addition to the City of Manchester Stadium, Asda built its then largest store in the UK, an Asda Supercentre which opened in June 2002, as well as the National Cycling Centre velodrome.

Bradford was home to the sculpture B of the Bang, built to commemorate the 2002 Commonwealth Games. At the time it was the tallest artwork in the UK, but after suffering structural problems was dismantled in 2009.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Manchester ward population 2011". Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  2. ^ Bradford profile Archived October 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine - e-manchester.gov.uk
  3. ^ a b Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Bradford", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4, British History Online, pp. 274–275, retrieved 2010-12-10
  4. ^ LGBCE (April 2017). Final recommendations on the new electoral arrangements for Manchester City Council (PDF). Local Government Boundary Commission for England. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 February 2018.
  5. ^ Jenkins, Russell (4 August 2009). "It began with a Bang but landmark sculpture is sent for recycling". The Times. London. Retrieved 4 December 2010.

External links[edit]