City of Manchester Stadium
|City of Manchester Stadium
UEFA Category 4 Stadium
|Broke ground||12 December 1999|
|Opened||25 July 2002 (as an athletics stadium)
10 August 2003 (as a football stadium)
|Owner||Manchester City Council|
|Operator||Manchester City F.C.|
|Construction cost||£112 million (initial athletics stadium)
£22 million (conversion for football)
£20 million (fitting out football stadium)
|Architect||ArupSport (stadium design)
KSS Design Group (interior fitout)
Populous (stadium expansion)
|Structural engineer||Arup Associates|
|Main contractors||Laing Construction Ltd. (initial construction)
Laing O'Rourke(stadium conversion)
Watson Steel Ltd. (steelwork construction)
|Capacity||41,000 – 2002 Commonwealth Games
47,805 – Domestic football
45,500 – UEFA-governed football
60,000 – Music concerts
|Record attendance||47,435 (Manchester City – QPR, 13 May 2012)|
|Field dimensions||105 by 68 metres (115 by 74 yd)|
|Manchester City F.C. (250-year lease)
Major sporting events hosted
2002 Commonwealth Games
2005 UEFA Women's Championship
2008 UEFA Cup Final
Ricky Hatton vs. Juan Lazcano (2008 IBO world title fight)
Also see: Major concert events hosted
The City of Manchester Stadium in Manchester, England, also known as Etihad Stadium for sponsorship reasons, is the home ground of Manchester City Football Club, the fifth-largest stadium in the Premier League and the twelfth-largest in the United Kingdom, with a seating capacity of 47,805.
The SportCity location but with a larger stadium, had been proposed for the main athletics arena in Manchester's failed bid for the 2000 Summer Olympics. In the 2002 Commonwealth Games bid, the capacity for the Games was to be 38,000, and after the games it would be converted to be 48,000. The stadium was built by Laing Construction at a cost of £112 million from a design by architectural consultants Arup Associates.
To ensure the long-term future of the stadium after the Commonwealth Games, it was agreed in 1998 that Manchester City F.C. would lease the stadium from Manchester City Council as a replacement for Maine Road. The conversion from a track and field arena to a football stadium cost the city council £22 million and Manchester City £20 million The club moved into its new home during the summer of 2003.
In addition to athletics, the stadium has hosted the 2008 UEFA Cup Final, England football internationals, rugby league matches, boxing world title fights and music concerts, and will host one 2015 Rugby World Cup match.
The stadium will undergo an 20-month expansion programme from January 2014 to expand the seating capacity to 62,170. The expansion will coincide with development immediately adjacent to the stadium and the completion of the Etihad Campus training facility, Connell Sixth Form College and community hub which is partly funded by Manchester City.
Plans to build a new stadium in Manchester were formulated before 1989 as part of the city's bid to host the 1996 Summer Olympics. Manchester City Council submitted a bid that included a design for an 80,000-capacity stadium on a greenfield site in west Manchester. The bid failed and Atlanta hosted the Games. Four years later the city council bid to host the 2000 Summer Olympics, but this time focusing on a brownfield site 1.6 kilometres (0.99 mi) east of the city centre on derelict land that was the site of Bradford Colliery, known colloquially as Eastlands. The council's shift in focus was driven by emerging government legislation on urban renewal, promising vital support funding for such projects; the government became involved in funding the purchase and clearance of the Eastlands site in 1992.
For the February 1993 bid the city council submitted another 80,000-capacity stadium design produced by design consultants Arup Associates, the firm that helped select the Eastlands site. In 23 September 1993, the games were awarded to Sydney, but the following year Manchester submitted the same scheme design to the Millennium Commission as a "Millennium Stadium", only to have this proposal rejected. Undeterred, Manchester City Council subsequently bid to host the 2002 Commonwealth Games, once again proposing the same site along with stadium plans derived from the 2000 Olympics bid, and this time were successful. In 1996, this same planned stadium competed with Wembley Stadium to gain funding to become the new national stadium, but the money was used to redevelop Wembley.
After successful athletics events at the Commonwealth Games, conversion into a football venue was criticised by athletics figures such as Jonathan Edwards and Sebastian Coe, as the United Kingdom then still lacked plans for a large athletics venue, once the capability for installing an athletics track had been dropped from the designs for a rebuilt Wembley Stadium. Had either of the two larger stadium proposals developed by Arup been agreed for funding, then Manchester would have ended up with a venue capable of being adapted to hosting large scale athletics events through the use of movable seating.
Sport England had wished to avoid creating a white elephant; and so to give the stadium long-term financial viability insisted that the City Council agree to undertake and fund extensive work to convert it from a track and field arena to a football stadium. Sport England hoped either Manchester City Council or Manchester City F.C. would provide the extra £50 million required to convert the stadium to a 65,000 seater athletics and footballing venue with movable seating. However, Manchester City Council did not have the money to facilitate movable seating and Manchester City were lukewarm about the idea of movable seating. Stadium architects Arup Sport believed history demonstrated that maintaining a rarely-used athletics track often does not work with football – and cited examples such as the Stadio delle Alpi and the Munich Olympic Stadium, with both Juventus and Bayern Munich moving to new stadiums less than 40 years after inheriting them.
2002 Commonwealth Games
The stadium's foundation stone was laid by Prime Minister Tony Blair in December 1999, and construction began in January 2000. The stadium was designed by Arup Associates and constructed by Laing Construction at a cost of approximately £112 million, £77 million of which was provided by Sport England, with the remainder funded by Manchester City Council. For the Commonwealth Games, the stadium featured a single lower tier of seating running around three sides of the athletics track, and second tiers to the two sides, with an open-air temporary stand at the northern end; initially providing a seating capacity for the Games of 38,000, subsequently extended to 41,000 through installing additional temporary trackside seating along the east and south stands.
The first public event at the stadium was the opening ceremony of the 2002 Commonwealth Games on 25 July 2002. Among the dignitaries present was Queen Elizabeth II who made a speech and 'declared the Commonwealth Games open'. During the ten days of competition, the stadium hosted athletics events and the rugby sevens. Four Commonwealth records were set at the stadium, including the women's triple jump and the women's 5000 m.
Sections of the track were removed and relaid at other athletics venues, and the internal ground level was lowered to make way for an additional tier of seating, on terracing already constructed then buried for the original configuration. The two temporary stands with a total capacity of 16,000 were dismantled, and replaced with a permanent structure of similar design to the existing one at the southern end. This work took nearly a year to complete and added 23,000 new seats. Manchester City F.C. moved to the ground in time for the start of the 2003–04 season. The total cost of this conversion was in excess of £40 million, with the track, pitch and seating conversion being funded by the city council at a cost of £22 million; and the installation of bars, restaurants and corporate entertainment areas throughout the stadium being funded by the football club at a cost of £20 million. The Games had made a small operating surplus, and Sport England agreed that this could be reinvested in converting the athletics warm-up track adjacent to the main stadium into the 6,000 seat Manchester Regional Arena at a cost of £3.5m.
The first public football match at the stadium was a friendly between Manchester City and F.C. Barcelona on 10 August 2003. Manchester City won the game 2–1, with Nicolas Anelka scoring the first ever goal in the stadium.
The first competitive match followed four days later, a UEFA Cup match between Manchester City and Welsh Premier League side The New Saints, which City won 5–0 with Trevor Sinclair scoring the first competitive goal in the stadium. Having started the Premier League season with an away match, Manchester City's first home league fixture in the new stadium was on 23 August, a game drawn 1–1 with Portsmouth, with Pompey's Yakubu scoring the first league goal in the stadium.
To date, the record football attendance at the stadium is 47,435, set at a Premier League match between the home club and QPR on 13 May 2012. This season (2011–2012) also set a number of new club and Premier League footballing records, such as the Manchester club becoming the first ever team to win 11 of its opening 12 games in a Premier League season.
When planning the development, Manchester City Council required a sustainable landmark structure that would be an icon for the regeneration of the once heavily industrialised site surrounding Bradford Colliery, as well as providing spectators with good sightlines in an atmospheric arena. Arup Associates designed the stadium to be "an intimate, even intimidating, gladiatorial arena embodying the atmosphere of a football club" with the pitch six metres below ground level, a feature of Roman gladiatorial arenas and amphitheatres.
The toroidal-shaped stadium roof is held together by a tensioned cable net system unlike the roofs of other stadia, which are held aloft by classic beamed cantilevered or truss supports. The stadium's architectural focal point is the sweeping roof and support masts which are separate from the concrete bowl. A catenary cable is situated around the inner perimeter of the roof structure which is tied to the masts via forestay cables. Backstay cables and corner ties from the masts are connected to the ground to support the structure.
Cables are attached to the twelve masts circling the stadium with rafters and purlins for additional rigid support. The masts double as visual features, with the highest at 75 metres (246 ft). Access to the upper tiers of seats is provided by eight circular ramps with conical roofs resembling turrets above which eight of the twelve masts rise up providing the support structure for the roof.
The roof of the South, East and West Stands built for the athletics stadium configuration was supported by the cable net system. The temporary open stand at the north end was built around the masts and tie down cables that would ultimately support the roof of the current North Stand. After the games the track and field were excavated. The temporary bleachers at the north end were removed and the North Stand and lower tier of seats constructed on the prepared excavation. The North Stand roof was completed by adding rafters, purlins and cladding. The conversion took about a year and increased the seating capacity by around 10,000 seats.
The stadium has facilities for players and match officials in a basement area below the West Stand, which also contains a kitchen providing meals for up to 6,000 people on match days, press rooms, ground staff storage, and a prison cell. Fitting out of the hospitality suites, kitchens, offices, and concourse concessions was accomplished by KSS Architects, and included the installation of the communications cabling and automatic access control system. The stadium also has conference facilities and is licensed for marriage ceremonies.
To create the optimum grass playing surface in the stadium bowl, the roof was designed to maximise sunlight by using a ten-metre band of translucent polycarbonate at its periphery and the corners of the stadium have perforated walls with louvres that can be adjusted to provide airflow across the pitch. Drainage and under-pitch heating were installed to provide optimum growing conditions for the grass.
The stadium was named the City of Manchester Stadium by Manchester City Council before construction began in December 1999, but has a number of commonly used alternatives. City of Manchester Stadium is abbreviated to CoMS when written and spoken. Eastlands refers to the site and the stadium before they were named SportCity and CoMS respectively, and remains in common usage for both the stadium and the whole complex, as does SportCity but with less frequency. The football club, under this new ownership, renegotiated its 250-year lease with the city council in October 2010, gaining the naming rights in return for a substantial increase in rent. The stadium was renamed the Etihad Stadium by the club in July 2011 as part of a ten-year agreement with the team kit sponsors Etihad Airways. The agreement encompasses sponsorship of the stadium's name, extends the team kit sponsorship for ten years, and includes plans to relocate the club's youth academy and training facilities to the Etihad Campus, a new development adjacent to the stadium.
Entry is gained by contactless smart card rather than traditional manned turnstiles. The system can admit up to 1,200 people per minute through all entrances. A service tunnel under the stadium provides access for emergency vehicles and the visiting team's coach to enter the stadium directly. Once inside the stadium patrons have access to six themed restaurants, two of which have views of the pitch, and there are 70 executive boxes above the second tier of seating in the North, West and East Stands.
The stadium's interior is a continuous oval bowl, with three tiers of seating at the sides, and two tiers at each end. While the seating is continuous, each side of the stadium is named in the manner of a traditional football ground. Initially, all sides were named by compass direction (North Stand and South Stand for the ends, East Stand and West Stand for the sides). In February 2004, after a vote by fans, the West Stand was renamed the Colin Bell Stand in honour of the former player. The South Stand was named the Key 103 Stand for sponsorship reasons from 2003 to 2006, though this was largely ignored by supporters. A portion of the North Stand was designated the Family Stand for supporters with children, but from season 2010–11 the entire North Stand was allocated to families. The East Stand is unofficially known by fans as the Kippax after the corresponding stand at Maine Road. Supporters of visiting teams are allocated portions of the South Stand.
The stadium has a UEFA standard dimension pitch of 8932 sq metres 116 x 77 yds  covered with natural grass reinforced by artificial fibres made by Desso. The pitch is lit by 218 2000-watt floodlights, consuming a total of 436,000 watts. The areas without seating in each corner of the ground have moveable louvres to allow for ventilation of the pitch. The pitch is recognised as being one of the best in English football, and has been nominated five times in the last nine seasons for best Premier League pitch, an accolade it won in 2010–11 among other awards.
The stadium is the centrepiece of SportCity, which has several other sporting venues. Adjacent to the stadium is the Manchester Regional Arena, which served as a warm-up track during the Commonwealth Games and is now a 6,178-capacity venue that hosts national athletics trials and formerly hosted Manchester City reserve team games. The Manchester Velodrome and the National Squash Centre are a short distance from the stadium. In September 2006, Manchester City was granted planning permission to build an 85-metre (279 ft) wind turbine. Designed by Norman Foster, the turbine was intended to provide power for the stadium and nearby homes, but safety concerns about ice on the blades led to the proposal being abandoned. From 2005 to 2009 a Thomas Heatherwick sculpture, B of the Bang, was situated in front of the stadium. Built to celebrate the 2002 Commonwealth Games, it was the tallest sculpture in the UK. Structural problems led to it being dismantled in 2009. In January 2007 it was announced that the UK's first Super Casino would be built at SportCity but plans were abandoned after it failed to receive authorisation from the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport.
|Season||Stadium capacity||Average attendance||% of capacity||Ranking within PL|
The 2002 Commonwealth Games were deemed a huge success and the stadium gained critical acclaim for its atmosphere and architectural design. It has won a number of design awards, including the 2004 Royal Institute of British Architects Inclusive Design Award for inclusive building design, and the 2003 Institution of Structural Engineers Structural Special Award.
Reception by Manchester City supporters was polarised, with some lukewarm about moving from Maine Road which had a reputation for being one of English football's most atmospheric grounds whilst others were enthusiastic about the bigger stadium and move back to east Manchester where the club was formed. Today, the club boasts more than 33,000 season ticket holders each season, which is more than the maximum capacity of Maine Road just before the club moved homes.
A 2007 Premier League survey found that fans thought sight lines at the stadium were the second best in the Premier League after the Emirates Stadium. Opposition fans have generally given positive feedback, with CoMS coming second to Old Trafford in a 2005 poll to find the United Kingdom's favourite football ground. In 2010, the City of Manchester Stadium was the third most visited stadium after Old Trafford and Anfield by overseas visitors.
In the early years of Manchester City's tenure the stadium suffered from a poor atmosphere, a common problem with modern stadia when compared with traditional football grounds such as Maine Road. In the 2007 Premier League survey Manchester City supporters rated the atmosphere as second worst in the league, but the atmosphere has since improved.
The stadium is owned by Manchester City Council and leased by the football club. The 2008 takeover made the football club one of the wealthiest in the world, prompting suggestions that it could consider buying the stadium outright. Manchester City signed an agreement with Manchester City Council in March 2010 to allow a £1 billion redevelopment led by architect Rafael Viñoly.
During the 2010 closed season the football pitch and hospitality areas were renovated, with a £1 million investment being made in the playing surface so that it is better able to tolerate concerts and other events without damage. In October 2010, Manchester City renegotiated the stadium lease, agreeing to now pay the city council an annual fixed sum of £3 million where previously it had only paid half of the ticket sales revenue from match attendances exceeding 35,000. This new agreement occurred as part of a standard 5-year review of the original lease and it amounts to an approximate £1 million annual increase in council revenues from the stadium.
In July 2011, the stadium was renamed the Etihad Stadium sponsored by Etihad Airways. Development plans for the Etihad Campus adjoining the stadium were revealed in mid-September 2011. In return, the club promised to build a new community hub in east Manchester which included a new school, sixth form college and community centre. The club released images of a cutting-edge youth academy and training facility, including a 7,000-capacity mini stadium on derelict land adjacent to the stadium's SportCity location. It is believed Etihad Airways fought off competition from Ferrostaal and Aabar to gain stadium naming rights.
For the current and previous seasons, the club has sold all 36,000 of its allocated season tickets and is now looking at increasing the stadium's capacity. Expansion to 60,000 was first reported in 2010 which could be achieved by adding a third tier of seats to the north and south stands behind both goals. The stadium expansion will provide the club with more seating and enable the stadium to host more non-footballing events. Plans were presented for consultation on 12 July 2013, subsequently revised with the capacity of the added tiers increased, with possible additional pitchside seating, and with the construction of a higher roof; and a planning application was submitted in November 2013. If approved, the first phase to expand to 54,000 could begin as early as April 2014, with completion in the summer of 2015. A second phase expanding the stadium to a total capacity of 62,170 was submitted for planning consent at the same time, and so could proceed concurrently; or otherwise could commence after the Rugby World Cup in September 2015.
The stadium is located to the east of Manchester city centre. The nearest railway station is Ashburys, a 20-minute walk from the stadium, though services are limited. Manchester Piccadilly, which serves mainline trains from London, Birmingham and Edinburgh, is a 30-minute walk away along a well-lit signposted route that is supervised by stewards close to the ground. The Etihad Campus Metrolink station on the Manchester Metrolink close to Joe Mercer Way became operational on Monday 11 February 2013.
There are many bus routes from the city centre and all other directions which stop at, or close to, SportCity. On match and event days special bus services from the city centre serve the stadium. The site has 2,000 parking spaces, with another 8,000 spaces in the surrounding area provided by local businesses and schools.
|2004||Red Hot Chili Peppers|
|2006||Take That, Bon Jovi|
|2007||George Michael, Rod Stewart|
|2008||Foo Fighters, Bon Jovi|
|None – due to concerns
over pitch erosion
|2012||Coldplay, Bruce Springsteen|
|2013||Muse, Bon Jovi Robbie Williams|
Under the terms of its lease, the stadium is able to host non-football events such as concerts, boxing and rugby league under Manchester City's prerogative. Manchester City applied for a permanent licence in 2012 in a bid to expand the number of non-footballing events at the stadium.
Outside the football season the stadium hosts occasional concerts, and is one of the UK's largest music venues, having a maximum capacity of 60,000 for performances. It was the largest stadium concert venue in England before the new Wembley Stadium was built.
The first concert was a performance by the Red Hot Chili Peppers supported by James Brown in 2004. An Oasis concert at the ground was featured on the DVD, Lord Don't Slow Me Down and the band's concert in 2005 set the attendance record of 60,000. Take That released a DVD of their 2006 performance at the stadium, Take That: The Ultimate Tour. Other artists who have played the stadium are U2, Rod Stewart, Foo Fighters, Manic Street Preachers, Muse, Bastille, Dizzee Rascal, The Futureheads, the Sugababes, Bon Jovi, George Michael, Sophie Ellis-Bextor and Coldplay
Concerts and boxing matches take a toll on the pitch. In 2008, end of season renovation and an early start to the football season, meant the pitch was not ready for the first home fixture and the club had to play its UEFA Cup first round qualifying match at Barnsley's Oakwell Stadium.
Other football events
The stadium, rated an elite stadium by UEFA, has hosted several major football matches in addition to Manchester City's home fixtures. It became the 50th stadium to host an England international football match when the English and Japanese national teams played on 1 June 2004. In June 2005 the stadium hosted England's opening game in the UEFA Women's Championship, setting an attendance record of 29,092 for the competition. The stadium also hosted the 2008 UEFA Cup Final, in which Zenit St Petersburg defeated Rangers 2–0.
In May 2011 the stadium hosted the Conference National Play-off final between A.F.C Wimbledon and Luton Town; Wimbledon gained promotion to the Football League beating Luton in a penalty shootout. The stadium was used for the play-offs because the 2011 UEFA Champions League Final was due to take place at Wembley on Saturday 28 May 2011; UEFA regulations stipulate the stadium hosting the Champions League final must not be used for other matches during the previous two weeks.
In October 2004, the stadium played host to a rugby league international match between Great Britain and Australia in the Tri-Nations series in front of nearly 40,000 spectators. The stadium hosted the Magic Weekend on 26 and 27 May 2012. This is a rugby league competition in which all 14 members of the Super League competition play each other over a full weekend. After a record attendance in 2012, Etihad Stadium is scheduled to host the 2013 and 2014 rounds of the Magic Weekend.
On 24 May 2008, Stockport born and twice IBF and IBO light welterweight champion boxer Ricky Hatton defeated Juan Lazcano in a contest billed as "Hatton's Homecoming". The fight was held in front of 56,337 fans, setting a record attendance for a British boxing event post World War II.
- Hubbard, Alan (12 December 1999). "City of Manchester Stadium: The Wembley rescuers". The Independent (London: Independent Print Limited). Retrieved 7 January 2008. "... the foundation stone was laid for the nation's other super stadium for the millennium. The Prime Minister, Tony Blair, did the honours in Manchester on Monday."
- Conn, David (4 October 2011). "Manchester City to pay council £2m a year for stadium naming rights". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- White, Duncan (22 October 2011). "Manchester City plan for bigger stadium". The Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group Limited). Retrieved 29 November 2011. "The Etihad Stadium's capacity is currently 47,805"
- Smith, Rory (13 September 2011). "Champions League: Manchester City's Roberto Mancini urges caution ahead of momentous match against Napoli". The Telegraph. Retrieved 10 June 2012.
- Clayton, David (24 June 2011). "Dublin Super Cup: Aviva Stadium v CoMS". mcfc.co.uk. (Manchester City Football Club). Retrieved 4 July 2011.
- "Manchester City strike deal to rename Eastlands". BBC Sport. 8 July 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011. "Manchester City have confirmed the City of Manchester Stadium will be renamed the Etihad Stadium after signing a 10-year deal with the airline."
- "Manchester 'may sue IOC'". BBC News. 25 January 1999. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- "Manchester model shows how West Ham can be settled tenants". London Evening Standard (ES London Limited). 11 October 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
- "Designing The City of Manchester Stadium" (PDF). The Arup Journal ((Arup Associates)). January 2003. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- "Man City stadium given Uefa final". BBC Sport. 4 October 2006. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
- "RWC2015 Official Match Schedule". Rugby World Cup. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2013.
- "Manchester City seek stadium expansion to hold 61,000". BBC News. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-29.
- "Etihad Campus". mcfc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-12-29.
- "Industrial past under Manchester's new stadium". oxford archaeology: exploring the human journey. Oxford Archaeology. 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
- Hubbard, Alan (12 December 1999). "City of Manchester Stadium: The Wembley rescuers". The Independent (London: Independent Print Limited). Retrieved 14 November 2011. "Manchester, who lost out to Wembley in the bitter battle to become England's national stadium because the Football Association did not want to look north ..."
- Bonnet, Rob (31 July 2002). "Athletics' stadium claim is pipe dream". BBC Sport. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
- Hubbard, Alan (12 December 1999). "City of Manchester Stadium: The Wembley rescuers". The Independent (London: Independent Print Limited). Retrieved 7 January 2008. "It is estimated that making the stadium permanently suitable for track and field events would add another pounds 50m to the cost"
- Hubbard, Alan (12 December 1999). "City of Manchester Stadium: The Wembley rescuers". The Independent (London: Independent Print Limited). Retrieved 7 January 2008. "But council sources say they are confident that the football club could be persuaded to allow the track to remain as a permanent feature with a retractable seating scheme, such as that in Paris's Stade de France which would further increase the capacity to 65,000."
- Patel, Dipesh (7 November 2007). "Stadium is no white elephant but future is just a guess". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- "City of Manchester Stadium". cae.org.uk. (Centre for Accessible Environments). Archived from the original on 25 September 2006. Retrieved 22 July 2006. "Construction of the Stadium began in January 2000, with an immovable completion date set by the Commonwealth Games."
- "City of Manchester Stadium". gameslegacy.com. (Commonwealth Games Legacy). Archived from the original on 25 November 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2006. "... with Sport England committing £77 million pounds to the cost and the City Council providing the remainder."
- Taylor, David (16 May 2002). "a question of sport". The Architects Journal. Retrieved 11 June 2012. "The Commonwealth Games stadium was to originally have a capacity of 38,000 – now 41,000 after better-than-expected ticket sales for the Games."
- "Opening ceremony of the 17th Commonwealth Games, Manchester, 25 July 2002". The British Monarchy OWS. (The Royal Household). 25 July 2002. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- Schooler, Andy. "Land of Hope and Glory". Sporting Life (Leeds: 365 Media Group). Retrieved 27 August 2006.
- Conn, David (10 October 2006). "No cut-price Olympic legacy for football's fat cats". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 19 November 2011. "... and then the track was removed so the stadium could be handed to Manchester City on terms regarded as startlingly generous."
- Hubbard, Alan (12 December 1999). "City of Manchester Stadium: The Wembley rescuers". The Independent (London: Independent Print Limited). Retrieved 7 January 2008. "The athletics track would be dismantled to allow the seating capacity to be increased from 38,000 to 48,000."
- "Man City vanquish Barca". BBC Sport. 10 August 2003. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "Man City v Barcelona photos". BBC Sport. 10 August 2003. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "Man City off to a flyer". BBC Sport. 14 August 2003. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "Premiership round-up". The Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group Limited). 23 August 2003. Retrieved 30 January 2010. "Portsmouth followed up their victory over Aston Villa last week by drawing with Manchester City 1–1 in the first league match to be played at the City of Manchester Stadium."
- Stone, Simon (23 August 2003). "Manchester City 1 Portsmouth 1". Sporting Life (Leeds: 365 Media Group). Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- Magowan, Alistair (13 May 2011). "Man City 3–2 QPR". BBC Sport. Retrieved 19 November 2012. "Att: 47,435"
- Bailey, Chris (13 May 2012). "Man City v QPR in Premier League match report". Manchester City web site. Manchester: Manchester City FC. Retrieved 20 May 2012.
- Clayton, David (21 November 2011). "Blues re-writing history books". mcfc.co.uk. (Manchester City Football Club). Retrieved 22 November 2011. "City's stellar start to the 2011/12 season has seen Premier League records tumble right, left and centre ... The Blues are also re-writing numerous club records"
- "City of Manchester Stadium". Building Magazine (16). 2002. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
- "Transforming The City of Manchester Stadium" (PDF). The Arup Journal ((Arup Associates)). February 2003. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- Spring, Martin (Issue 16, 2002). "City of Manchester Stadium". building.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- "Building Tension - City of Manchester Stadium". modernsteel.com. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- "Arup Associates – The City of Manchester Stadium". arupassociates.com. (Arup Associates). Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- Camber, Rebecca (7 February 2004). "Blue-heaven wedding". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- Bailey, Chris (8 November 2006). "Why Blues must cash in on name game". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). Retrieved 22 April 2008. "Some call it 'Eastlands', an area that doesn't officially exist on maps, some who like expending their breath call it by its Sunday best name 'City of Manchester Stadium', others prefer to shorten that to 'COMS' while still more refer to City's stronghold as 'Sportcity' in keeping with those nice brown signs that help everyone find their way to the complex."
- Keegan, Mike (2 October 2010). "Manchester City give council an extra £1m". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). Retrieved 17 November 2011.
- "City and Etihad: An histotic day for the club" (web video). mcfc.co.uk. (Manchester City Football Club). 8 July 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Gardner, Alan (8 July 2011). "Manchester City confirm stadium renaming in Etihad Airways agreement". The Guardian (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- "Manchester City training village" (web video). YouTube. (originally released by Manchester City Football Club). July 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- Ogden, Mark (29 August 2011). "Manchester City taken to a whole new level with Sheikh Mansour's £1 billion investment". The Telegraph (London: Telegraph Media Group Limited). Retrieved 31 August 2011. "The deal covers stadium-naming rights, shirt sponsorship and the area surrounding the ground which is now known as Etihad Campus."
- "Manchester City kicks off innovative smartcard services and sponsorships with wireless, RF-enabled Intelligent Stadium" (PDF). h71028.www7.hp.com. (Hewlett-Packard). February 2004. Archived from the original on 9 February 2006. Retrieved 27 August 2006. "The contact-free solution admits up to 1,200 patrons per minute stadium-wide and also eliminates box-office queues."
- James, Gary (Jan. 2006). Manchester City – The Complete Record. Derby: Breedon Books Publishing. pp. 103–105. ISBN 978-1-85983-512-8.
- Spencer, Pete (13 November 2003). "City stand by Bell". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- "MCFC STADIUM". bluemoon-mcfc.co.uk. (BLUEMOON). 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2011. "The South Stand is now, officially at least, the Key 103 stand after the club sold the naming rights (and our dignity) to a local radio station"
- James, Gary (Jan. 2006). Manchester City – The Complete Record. Derby: Breedon Books Publishing. p. 105. ISBN 978-1-85983-512-8.
- "UEFA Cup Final on Special Pitch". prnewswire.co.uk. (PR Newswire Europe Ltd.). 8 May 2008. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- Reynolds, John (14 May 2008). "UEFA Cup Final Venue (Mad for it)". Pitchcare. (Maxwell Amenity Ltd.). pp. 14–18. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
- "Pitch perfect: Manchester City groundstaff win Premier League award". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). 4 May 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- Mulholland, Paul (26 November 2010). "Top award for City groundstaff". mcfc.co.uk. (Manchester City Football Club). Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- Inglis, Simon (2004). Played in Manchester. London: English Heritage. ISBN 1-873592-78-7.
- "City stadium turbine plan backed". BBC News. 28 September 2006. Retrieved 30 September 2006.
- "Work starts on Bang dismantling". BBC News. 15 April 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2009.
- "Manchester wins super-casino race". BBC News. 30 January 2007. Retrieved 31 January 2007.
- "Manchester's 'Supercasino' Plans Bust". skyNEWS HD (British Sky Broadcasting Group). 26 February 2008. Retrieved 17 September 2009.
- "Man City stadium poised to become bigger than Old Trafford – Exclusive". Mirror Football (London: MGN Ltd.). 4 March 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2011. "Note: The original MCFC OWS source citation supporting this value is now archived and inaccessible but this more recent one is still extant. Also see Talk Page discussion WRT veracity of this value for all seasons prior to current one."
- Cram, Steve (1 August 2002). "The best Britain has seen". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- Henderson, Charlie (28 July 2002). "Stadium is star of the Games". BBC Sport. Retrieved 20 November 2011.
- "Building prize for 'icon Gherkin'". BBC News. 16 October 2004. Retrieved 7 January 2008. "Other winners at this year's ceremony included the City of Manchester stadium, designed by Arup Associates. It won the RIBA Inclusive Design Award for great design in a safe and convenient environment."
- "City of Manchester Stadium: awards". arupassociates.com. (Arup Associates). Retrieved 27 August 2009.
- "Fans are buzzing as City ticket sales rise". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). 17 July 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2011. "Sales of the Seasoncards – as they are officially known – have already passed the total of 33,000 sold last summer."
- "Premier League Fan Survey – 2006/07 season" (PDF). National Fan Survey 2006/07. (SportsWise on behalf of the Premier League). 2007. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
- "City has 'best' football stadium". BBC News. 2 September 2005. Retrieved 21 November 2011. "Fans prefer visiting Manchester, with Old Trafford and the City of Manchester stadium coming first and second in a list of their favourite venues."
- "Premier League lures overseas visitors to UK". BBC News. 19 August 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2011. "The most popular stadiums for overseas visitors were those of Manchester United, Liverpool, and Manchester City."
- "City of Manchester Stadium as a 2018 Stadium". 2018england.co.uk. (2018 England). Retrieved 22 August 2011. "... the locals are much more settled and the atmosphere generated can be just as fierce as it used to be at Maine Road."
- Evans, Martin (2 September 2008). "Man City tops football rich league with Arab takeover". Daily Express (London: Northern and Shell Media Publications). Retrieved 4 September 2008.
- Qureshi, Yakub (2 September 2008). "The new football powerhouse". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). Retrieved 4 September 2008.
- "Man City approach top architect to design £1billion Eastlands complex". Mirror Football (London: MGN Ltd.). 15 May 2010. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
- Linton, Deborah (17 March 2010). "City stadium will be a glowing blue beacon". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). Retrieved 30 July 2010.
- "Manchester City in £1.5m corporate facilities upgrade". BBC News. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Keegan, Mike (2 October 2010). "Manchester City give council an extra £1m". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). Retrieved 10 October 2010.
- Linton, Deborah (19 September 2011). "Video and picture gallery: How Manchester City’s training village will look". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Manchester City Close To Finalising Record Stadium Naming Rights Deal With Abu Dhabi-Owned Sponsor". goal.com (PERFORM Media Sales). 13 May 2011. Retrieved 22 Augusrt 2011.
- "Key business issues facing EPL franchises". Sports Business Journal. Street and Smith's Sports Group. 15–21 August 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011. "The club sells 36,000 season tickets annually."
- Barry, Chris (16 May 2013). "Manchester City planning Etihad Stadium expansion". businessdesk.com. Retrieved 2013-05-20.
- "Stadium waiting list". Retrieved 2013-10-11.
- "Metrolink – East Manchester line". Transport for Greater Manchester. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "Metrolink from Manchester to Droylsden to open in February". BBC News. 6 December 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
- "City of Manchester Stadium". Football Ground Guide. (Manchester City Football Club with the permission of Duncan Adams). 4 November 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "Away travel: How to get to the City of Manchester Stadium". yourparkingspace.co.uk. (Your Parking Space). 2011. Retrieved 22 November 2011. "The City of Manchester Stadium does actually have 2,000 parking spaces of its own and the Club works with local businesses to provide another 8,000 spaces in the surrounding area on match days."
- Linton, Deborah (15 June 2010). "Concerts are back at City's stadium". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). Retrieved 29 October 2010.
- "Coldplay to perform at Etihad Stadium". mcfc.co.uk. (Manchester City Football Club). 11 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Springsteen City date confirmed". mcfc.co.uk. (Manchester City Football Club). 21 November 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
- "Muse announce Etihad gig". Manchester City F.C. 19 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
- "Bon Jovi set to rock the Etihad Stadium". Manchester City F.C. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "Robbie to entertain The Etihad!". Manchester City F.C. 29 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- "One Direction to play Etihad Stadium in Manchester next year". Manchester Evening News. 16 May 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-16.
- "Concerts – Hospitality – Manchester City FC". mcfc.co.uk. (Manchester City Football Club). May 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "Manchester City bid for entertainment licence to bring more concerts to Etihad stadium". Manchester Evening News. 20 April 2012. Retrieved 3 May 2012.
- "Blues stadium is top rock venue". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). 29 November 2003. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
- "Manchester City kicks off innovative smartcard services and sponsorships with wireless, RF-enabled Intelligent Stadium" (PDF). h71028.www7.hp.com. (Hewlett-Packard). February 2004. Archived from the original on 9 February 2006. Retrieved 21 November 2011. "And it can function as a 60,000-seat concert arena—the largest stadium performance site in the UK."
- "Man City stadium given Uefa final". BBC Sport. 4 October 2006. Retrieved 28 October 2010. "Highest other attendance: 60,000 for Oasis concert, 2005"
- Long, Chris (22 November 2006). "Take That – The Ultimate Tour". BBC Manchester. Retrieved 11 August 2009.
- "Oakwell to host Man City Uefa tie". BBC Sport. 20 June 2008. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
- "Work begins on CoMs pitch" (web video). mcfc.co.uk. (Manchester City Football Club). 21 May 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2010.
- "Man City stadium given Uefa final". BBC Sport. 4 October 2006. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- "2005: Official approval for EURO success". UEFA. 2005. Retrieved 15 November 2011. "... with the opening game – England's thrilling 3–2 victory against Finland at the City of Manchester stadium on Sunday 5 June – attracting 29,092 fans, a record for a women's match in Europe."
- Ryan, Mark (21 May 2011). "AFC Wimbledon 0 Luton Town 0 (aet, 4–3 on pens): Dons promoted to Football League". Daily Mail (London: Associated Newspapers Ltd.). Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Blue Square Bet Premier final moves to Manchester". BBC Sport. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Rugby League Project – Great Britain vs. Australia". rugbyleagueproject.org. (Rugby League Project). 30 October 2004. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
- "RL fixtures released: Magic weekend confirmed for Etihad Stadium". Manchester Evening News (M.E.N. Media). 25 November 2011. Retrieved 26 November 2011. "It was also announced that the event – at which a full round of games is played at one venue – will be staged over the weekend of 26–27 May."
- "Magic Weekend: Etihad Stadium to host event until 2014". BBC Sport. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- Lamont, Tom (29 June 2008). "City of Manchester Stadium". The Observer (London: Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- Further reading
- The Phaidon Atlas of Contemporary World Architecture – Comprehensive Edition. Phaidon Press. ISBN 0-7148-4312-1.
- The Phaidon Atlas of Contemporary World Architecture – Travel Edition. Phaidon Press. 2005. ISBN 0-7148-4450-0.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to City of Manchester Stadium.|
- City of Manchester Stadium official website
- Manchester City Football Club official website
- Images tagged City of Manchester Stadium at Flickr
- Arup Associates PDF format article about the original design of the stadium
- Arup Associates PDF format article about the transformation of the stadium after the 2002 Games
- YouTube video depicting MCFC's vision for the club's planned Etihad Campus
Şükrü Saraçoğlu Stadyumu
National Stadium, Bukit Jalil
Melbourne Cricket Ground