Braille pattern dots-1346

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
6-dot braille cells

The Braille pattern dots-1346 ( ) is a 6-dot braille cell with both top and both bottom dots raised, or an 8-dot braille cell with both top and both lower-middle dots raised. It is represented by the Unicode code point U+282d, and in Braille ASCII with an X.

Character ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346)
Unicode name BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-1346
Encodings decimal hex
Unicode 10285 U+282D
UTF-8 226 160 173 E2 A0 AD
Numeric character reference ⠭ ⠭
Braille ASCII 88 58

Unified Braille[edit]

In unified international braille, the braille pattern dots-1346 is used to represent a voiceless velar fricative, i.e. /x/, or otherwise as needed.[1]

Table of unified braille values[edit]

French Braille X
English Braille X
English Contraction it
German Braille X, mm
Bharati Braille ऒ / ਖ਼ / ఒ / ಒ / ഒ / ஒ / ඔ / خ ‎[2]
Icelandic Braille X
IPA Braille /x/
Russian Braille Щ
Slovak Braille X
Arabic Braille خ
Persian Braille خ
Irish Braille X
Thai Braille f
Luxembourgish Braille x (minuscule)

[1]

Other braille[edit]

Japanese Braille fu / ふ / フ [1]
Korean Braille og / 옥 [1]
Mainland Chinese Braille yang, -iang [1]
Taiwanese Braille ang / ㄤ
Two-Cell Chinese Braille chu- -ǒu, 有 yǒu
Algerian Braille ل ‎[1]

Plus dots 7 and 8[edit]

Related to Braille pattern dots-1346 are Braille patterns 13467, 13468, and 134678, which are used in 8-dot braille systems, such as Gardner-Salinas and Luxembourgish Braille.

Character ⡭ (braille pattern dots-13467) ⢭ (braille pattern dots-13468) ⣭ (braille pattern dots-134678)
Unicode name BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-13467 BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-13468 BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-134678
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 10349 U+286D 10413 U+28AD 10477 U+28ED
UTF-8 226 161 173 E2 A1 AD 226 162 173 E2 A2 AD 226 163 173 E2 A3 AD
Numeric character reference ⡭ ⡭ ⢭ ⢭ ⣭ ⣭
dots 13467 dots 13468 dots 134678
Gardner Salinas Braille [3] X (capital) ξ (xi) Ξ (Xi)
Luxembourgish Braille [4] X (capital)

related 8-dot kantenji patterns[edit]

In the Japanese kantenji braille, the standard 8-dot Braille patterns 2578, 12578, 24578, and 124578 are the patterns related to Braille pattern dots-1346, since the two additional dots of kantenji patterns 01346, 13467, and 013467 are placed above the base 6-dot cell, instead of below, as in standard 8-dot braille.

Character ⣒ (braille pattern dots-2578) ⣓ (braille pattern dots-12578) ⣚ (braille pattern dots-24578) ⣛ (braille pattern dots-124578)
Unicode name BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-2578 BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-12578 BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-24578 BRAILLE PATTERN DOTS-124578
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 10450 U+28D2 10451 U+28D3 10458 U+28DA 10459 U+28DB
UTF-8 226 163 146 E2 A3 92 226 163 147 E2 A3 93 226 163 154 E2 A3 9A 226 163 155 E2 A3 9B
Numeric character reference ⣒ ⣒ ⣓ ⣓ ⣚ ⣚ ⣛ ⣛

Kantenji using braille patterns 2578, 12578, 24578, or 124578[edit]

This listing includes kantenji using Braille pattern dots-1346 for all 6349 kanji found in JIS C 6226-1978.

  • ⣛ (braille pattern dots-124578) - 女

Variants and thematic compounds[edit]

  • ⡁⣚ - selector 3 + ふ/女 = 聿
  • ⠑⣚ - selector 4 + ふ/女 = 不
  • ⠡⣚ - selector 5 + ふ/女 = 賁
  • ⣓⠊ - ふ/女 + selector 1 = 舟
  • ⣓⠘ - ふ/女 + selector 4 = 丹
  • ⣓⠨ - ふ/女 + selector 5 = 妹
  • ⠱⣚ - 比 + ふ/女 = 屯

Compounds of 女[edit]

  • ⣓⣒⣚ - ふ/女 + ふ/女 + ふ/女 = 姦
  • ⢕⣚ - こ/子 + ふ/女 = 好
  • ⣕⣚ - ほ/方 + ふ/女 = 妄
    • ⢑⣔⣚ - 仁/亻 + ほ/方 + ふ/女 = 侫
  • ⡕⣚ - の/禾 + ふ/女 = 委
    • ⢓⣚ - く/艹 + ふ/女 = 萎
    • ⡃⡔⣚ - な/亻 + の/禾 + ふ/女 = 倭
    • ⡑⡔⣚ - や/疒 + の/禾 + ふ/女 = 矮
    • ⣇⡔⣚ - ひ/辶 + の/禾 + ふ/女 = 逶
  • ⣇⣚ - ひ/辶 + ふ/女 = 威
    • ⠇⣆⣚ - い/糹/#2 + ひ/辶 + ふ/女 = 縅
    • ⢷⣆⣚ - せ/食 + ひ/辶 + ふ/女 = 鰄
  • ⣡⣚ - ん/止 + ふ/女 = 婚
  • ⢗⣚ - け/犬 + ふ/女 = 嫌
  • ⠓⣚ - う/宀/#3 + ふ/女 = 安
    • ⡵⣚ - と/戸 + ふ/女 = 鞍
    • ⡷⣚ - て/扌 + ふ/女 = 按
    • ⣓⢎ - ふ/女 + き/木 = 案
    • ⣅⠒⣚ - 日 + う/宀/#3 + ふ/女 = 晏
    • ⢷⠒⣚ - せ/食 + う/宀/#3 + ふ/女 = 鮟
  • ⢅⣚ - ⺼ + ふ/女 = 腰
  • ⡇⣚ - に/氵 + ふ/女 = 要
  • ⣓⡬ - ふ/女 + ゑ/訁 = 奴
    • ⣓⢬ - ふ/女 + 心 = 怒
    • ⠷⣒⡬ - れ/口 + ふ/女 + ゑ/訁 = 呶
    • ⢕⣒⡬ - こ/子 + ふ/女 + ゑ/訁 = 孥
    • ⢧⣒⡬ - し/巿 + ふ/女 + ゑ/訁 = 帑
    • ⣑⣒⡬ - ゆ/彳 + ふ/女 + ゑ/訁 = 弩
    • ⡷⣒⡬ - て/扌 + ふ/女 + ゑ/訁 = 拏
    • ⢵⣒⡬ - そ/馬 + ふ/女 + ゑ/訁 = 駑
  • ⣓⢊ - ふ/女 + か/金 = 奸
  • ⣓⠾ - ふ/女 + れ/口 = 如
    • ⡇⣒⠾ - に/氵 + ふ/女 + れ/口 = 洳
    • ⠇⣒⠾ - い/糹/#2 + ふ/女 + れ/口 = 絮
    • ⢓⣒⠾ - く/艹 + ふ/女 + れ/口 = 茹
    • ⣓⠶⠾ - ふ/女 + れ/口 + れ/口 = 嬋
  • ⣓⡎ - ふ/女 + に/氵 = 妊
  • ⣓⡞ - ふ/女 + ね/示 = 妍
  • ⣓⣊ - ふ/女 + は/辶 = 妓
  • ⣓⢼ - ふ/女 + そ/馬 = 妙
  • ⣓⠸ - ふ/女 + 比 = 妣
  • ⣓⣈ - ふ/女 + 龸 = 妥
    • ⠇⣒⣈ - い/糹/#2 + ふ/女 + 龸 = 綏
    • ⢷⣒⣈ - せ/食 + ふ/女 + 龸 = 餒
  • ⣓⣜ - ふ/女 + ほ/方 = 妨
  • ⣓⢪ - ふ/女 + さ/阝 = 妻
    • ⠳⣒⢪ - る/忄 + ふ/女 + さ/阝 = 悽
    • ⡇⣒⢪ - に/氵 + ふ/女 + さ/阝 = 淒
    • ⢓⣒⢪ - く/艹 + ふ/女 + さ/阝 = 萋
    • ⡗⣒⢪ - ね/示 + ふ/女 + さ/阝 = 褄
  • ⣓⣪ - ふ/女 + ま/石 = 妾
    • ⢇⣒⣪ - き/木 + ふ/女 + ま/石 = 椄
    • ⡧⣒⣪ - ち/竹 + ふ/女 + ま/石 = 霎
  • ⣓⢮ - ふ/女 + し/巿 = 姉
  • ⣓⡊ - ふ/女 + な/亻 = 始
  • ⣓⠎ - ふ/女 + い/糹/#2 = 姓
  • ⣓⡼ - ふ/女 + と/戸 = 姥
  • ⣓⢺ - ふ/女 + す/発 = 姫
  • ⣓⢞ - ふ/女 + け/犬 = 姻
  • ⣓⣨ - ふ/女 + ん/止 = 姿
  • ⣓⡘ - ふ/女 + や/疒 = 娘
  • ⣓⠼ - ふ/女 + ろ/十 = 娠
  • ⣓⢜ - ふ/女 + こ/子 = 娯
  • ⣓⣎ - ふ/女 + ひ/辶 = 婆
  • ⣓⠮ - ふ/女 + り/分 = 婦
  • ⣓⡸ - ふ/女 + よ/广 = 婿
    • ⣓⣒⡸ - ふ/女 + ふ/女 + よ/广 = 壻
  • ⣓⠺ - ふ/女 + る/忄 = 媒
  • ⣓⣾ - ふ/女 + め/目 = 媚
  • ⣓⢘ - ふ/女 + 仁/亻 = 媛
  • ⣓⠪ - ふ/女 + ら/月 = 媼
  • ⣓⠚ - ふ/女 + う/宀/#3 = 嫁
  • ⣓⠜ - ふ/女 + お/頁 = 嫡
  • ⣓⡺ - ふ/女 + つ/土 = 嬉
  • ⣓⣮ - ふ/女 + み/耳 = 嬢
    • ⣓⣒⣮ - ふ/女 + ふ/女 + み/耳 = 孃
  • ⣓⡨ - ふ/女 + を/貝 = 嬰
    • ⠷⣒⡨ - れ/口 + ふ/女 + を/貝 = 嚶
    • ⣗⣒⡨ - へ/⺩ + ふ/女 + を/貝 = 瓔
    • ⠇⣒⡨ - い/糹/#2 + ふ/女 + を/貝 = 纓
  • ⣓⢸ - ふ/女 + 氷/氵 = 汝
    • ⣓⢰⣜ - ふ/女 + 氷/氵 + ほ/方 = 娑
  • ⢑⠤⣚ - 仁/亻 + 宿 + ふ/女 = 佞
  • ⣓⠰⣼ - ふ/女 + 比 + も/門 = 妁
  • ⣓⠤⢞ - ふ/女 + 宿 + け/犬 = 妖
  • ⡑⠒⣚ - や/疒 + う/宀/#3 + ふ/女 = 妛
  • ⣗⠤⣚ - へ/⺩ + 宿 + ふ/女 = 妝
  • ⣓⠤⣪ - ふ/女 + 宿 + ま/石 = 妬
  • ⣓⠐⣌ - ふ/女 + selector 4 + 日 = 妲
  • ⣓⠰⣊ - ふ/女 + 比 + は/辶 = 姆
  • ⣓⠠⢼ - ふ/女 + selector 5 + そ/馬 = 姐
  • ⣓⠶⠼ - ふ/女 + れ/口 + ろ/十 = 姑
  • ⣓⢐⡎ - ふ/女 + 仁/亻 + に/氵 = 姙
  • ⣓⠤⠬ - ふ/女 + 宿 + 宿 = 姚
  • ⢵⠤⣚ - そ/馬 + 宿 + ふ/女 = 姜
  • ⣓⣐⡊ - ふ/女 + ゆ/彳 + な/亻 = 姨
  • ⣓⠐⣘ - ふ/女 + selector 4 + ゆ/彳 = 姪
  • ⣓⠦⣬ - ふ/女 + り/分 + 囗 = 姶
  • ⣓⠤⡺ - ふ/女 + 宿 + つ/土 = 娃
  • ⣓⠤⣼ - ふ/女 + 宿 + も/門 = 娉
  • ⣓⠒⡚ - ふ/女 + う/宀/#3 + ぬ/力 = 娚
  • ⣓⠤⢪ - ふ/女 + 宿 + さ/阝 = 娜
  • ⣓⠤⠪ - ふ/女 + 宿 + ら/月 = 娟
  • ⣓⣤⠊ - ふ/女 + 囗 + selector 1 = 娥
  • ⣓⡒⠬ - ふ/女 + ぬ/力 + 宿 = 娩
  • ⣓⣀⡬ - ふ/女 + 龸 + ゑ/訁 = 娵
  • ⣓⣦⡬ - ふ/女 + み/耳 + ゑ/訁 = 娶
  • ⣓⠦⣌ - ふ/女 + り/分 + 日 = 娼
  • ⣓⢢⢊ - ふ/女 + さ/阝 + か/金 = 婀
  • ⣓⠤⠚ - ふ/女 + 宿 + う/宀/#3 = 婉
  • ⣓⡢⢪ - ふ/女 + た/⽥ + さ/阝 = 婢
  • ⣓⢆⢎ - ふ/女 + き/木 + き/木 = 婪
  • ⣓⢠⡎ - ふ/女 + 数 + に/氵 = 婬
  • ⣓⠤⢼ - ふ/女 + 宿 + そ/馬 = 媽
  • ⣓⠤⣺ - ふ/女 + 宿 + む/車 = 媾
  • ⣓⠠⠞ - ふ/女 + selector 5 + え/訁 = 嫂
  • ⣓⡐⠨ - ふ/女 + や/疒 + selector 5 = 嫉
  • ⣓⣐⣘ - ふ/女 + ゆ/彳 + ゆ/彳 = 嫋
  • ⣓⡢⡚ - ふ/女 + た/⽥ + ぬ/力 = 嫐
  • ⣓⡆⡞ - ふ/女 + に/氵 + ね/示 = 嫖
  • ⣓⣴⡈ - ふ/女 + も/門 + selector 3 = 嫗
  • ⣓⢀⣨ - ふ/女 + selector 6 + ん/止 = 嫣
  • ⣓⣀⢮ - ふ/女 + 龸 + し/巿 = 嫦
  • ⣓⠤⣨ - ふ/女 + 宿 + ん/止 = 嫩
  • ⣓⣴⠪ - ふ/女 + も/門 + ら/月 = 嫺
  • ⣓⣴⢎ - ふ/女 + も/門 + き/木 = 嫻
  • ⣓⠤⡜ - ふ/女 + 宿 + の/禾 = 嬌
  • ⣓⢀⣪ - ふ/女 + selector 6 + ま/石 = 嬖
  • ⣓⠒⡨ - ふ/女 + う/宀/#3 + を/貝 = 嬪
  • ⣓⡦⡜ - ふ/女 + ち/竹 + の/禾 = 嬬
  • ⡣⠤⣚ - た/⽥ + 宿 + ふ/女 = 嬲
  • ⣓⣶⡪ - ふ/女 + め/目 + た/⽥ = 嬶
  • ⣓⠔⢨ - ふ/女 + お/頁 + 数 = 嬾
  • ⣓⡦⢎ - ふ/女 + ち/竹 + き/木 = 孀
  • ⣓⠤⣮ - ふ/女 + 宿 + み/耳 = 孅
  • ⣓⠤⢬ - ふ/女 + 宿 + 心 = 恕
  • ⣗⠒⣚ - へ/⺩ + う/宀/#3 + ふ/女 = 珱
  • ⡑⠤⣚ - や/疒 + 宿 + ふ/女 = 痿

Compounds of 聿[edit]

  • ⣃⣚ - は/辶 + ふ/女 = 建
    • ⡃⣚ - な/亻 + ふ/女 = 健
    • ⢅⣂⣚ - ⺼ + は/辶 + ふ/女 = 腱
  • ⣑⣚ - ゆ/彳 + ふ/女 = 律
    • ⢥⣐⣚ - 心 + ゆ/彳 + ふ/女 = 葎
  • ⣅⣚ - 日 + ふ/女 = 書
  • ⢱⣚ - 氷/氵 + ふ/女 = 津
  • ⣱⣚ - 火 + ふ/女 = 燼
  • ⡧⣚ - ち/竹 + ふ/女 = 筆
  • ⣓⣸ - ふ/女 + 火 = 尽
    • ⡃⣒⣸ - な/亻 + ふ/女 + 火 = 侭
    • ⣓⣒⣸ - ふ/女 + ふ/女 + 火 = 盡
      • ⢑⣒⣸ - 仁/亻 + ふ/女 + 火 = 儘
      • ⡳⣒⣸ - つ/土 + ふ/女 + 火 = 壗
      • ⡡⣒⣸ - を/貝 + ふ/女 + 火 = 贐
  • ⣓⡪ - ふ/女 + た/⽥ = 画
    • ⣓⣒⡪ - ふ/女 + ふ/女 + た/⽥ = 畫
      • ⡓⣒⡪ - ぬ/力 + ふ/女 + た/⽥ = 劃
  • ⡑⡀⣚ - や/疒 + selector 3 + ふ/女 = 肄
  • ⡵⠤⣚ - と/戸 + 宿 + ふ/女 = 肆
  • ⣓⡴⠾ - ふ/女 + と/戸 + れ/口 = 肇

Compounds of 不[edit]

  • ⢇⣚ - き/木 + ふ/女 = 杯
  • ⣓⣬ - ふ/女 + 囗 = 否
    • ⡑⣒⣬ - や/疒 + ふ/女 + 囗 = 痞
  • ⡳⠐⣚ - つ/土 + selector 4 + ふ/女 = 坏
  • ⡷⠐⣚ - て/扌 + selector 4 + ふ/女 = 抔
  • ⢳⠐⣚ - す/発 + selector 4 + ふ/女 = 罘
  • ⣓⢠⠊ - ふ/女 + 数 + selector 1 = 丕
    • ⢅⠐⣚ - ⺼ + selector 4 + ふ/女 = 胚
  • ⣓⣠⠎ - ふ/女 + ん/止 + い/糹/#2 = 歪
  • ⣓⠐⢌ - ふ/女 + selector 4 + ⺼ = 盃

Compounds of 賁[edit]

  • ⠷⣚ - れ/口 + ふ/女 = 噴
  • ⡳⣚ - つ/土 + ふ/女 = 墳
  • ⠳⣚ - る/忄 + ふ/女 = 憤
  • ⡇⠤⣚ - に/氵 + 宿 + ふ/女 = 濆

Compounds of 舟[edit]

  • ⣓⡜ - ふ/女 + の/禾 = 般
    • ⣓⡾ - ふ/女 + て/扌 = 搬
    • ⢇⣒⡜ - き/木 + ふ/女 + の/禾 = 槃
    • ⡑⣒⡜ - や/疒 + ふ/女 + の/禾 = 瘢
  • ⣓⠬ - ふ/女 + 宿 = 航
  • ⣓⣌ - ふ/女 + 日 = 舶
  • ⣓⠞ - ふ/女 + え/訁 = 船
  • ⣓⣞ - ふ/女 + へ/⺩ = 艇
  • ⣓⢌ - ふ/女 + ⺼ = 艦
  • ⣓⠂⢼ - ふ/女 + selector 1 + そ/馬 = 艚
  • ⣓⢀⢜ - ふ/女 + selector 6 + こ/子 = 舩
  • ⣓⠤⣜ - ふ/女 + 宿 + ほ/方 = 舫
  • ⣓⠤⡼ - ふ/女 + 宿 + と/戸 = 舮
  • ⣓⡢⠘ - ふ/女 + た/⽥ + selector 4 = 舳
  • ⣓⠤⣎ - ふ/女 + 宿 + ひ/辶 = 舵
  • ⣓⣀⡌ - ふ/女 + 龸 + ゐ/幺 = 舷
  • ⣓⠰⢊ - ふ/女 + 比 + か/金 = 舸
  • ⣓⢰⠚ - ふ/女 + 氷/氵 + う/宀/#3 = 艀
  • ⣓⠤⠞ - ふ/女 + 宿 + え/訁 = 艘
  • ⣓⠦⠜ - ふ/女 + り/分 + お/頁 = 艙
  • ⣓⡦⢾ - ふ/女 + ち/竹 + せ/食 = 艝
  • ⣓⣢⠮ - ふ/女 + ま/石 + り/分 = 艟
  • ⣓⣤⠾ - ふ/女 + 囗 + れ/口 = 艢
  • ⣓⢴⣬ - ふ/女 + そ/馬 + 囗 = 艤
  • ⣓⠤⢚ - ふ/女 + 宿 + く/艹 = 艨
  • ⣓⠤⣌ - ふ/女 + 宿 + 日 = 艪
  • ⣓⠤⡪ - ふ/女 + 宿 + た/⽥ = 艫

Compounds of 丹[edit]

  • ⣕⣒⠘ - ほ/方 + ふ/女 + selector 4 = 旃
  • ⢥⣒⠘ - 心 + ふ/女 + selector 4 = 栴

Compounds of 屯[edit]

  • ⠇⣚ - い/糹/#2 + ふ/女 = 純
  • ⢃⣚ - か/金 + ふ/女 = 鈍
  • ⠕⣚ - お/頁 + ふ/女 = 頓
    • ⠷⠔⣚ - れ/口 + お/頁 + ふ/女 = 噸
  • ⡇⠰⣚ - に/氵 + 比 + ふ/女 = 沌
  • ⢃⠰⣚ - か/金 + 比 + ふ/女 = 瓲
  • ⢣⠰⣚ - さ/阝 + 比 + ふ/女 = 邨
  • ⢷⠰⣚ - せ/食 + 比 + ふ/女 = 飩

Other compounds[edit]

  • ⣵⣚ - も/門 + ふ/女 = 匐
  • ⠥⣚ - 宿 + ふ/女 = 富
    • ⠃⠤⣚ - selector 1 + 宿 + ふ/女 = 冨
  • ⢧⣚ - し/巿 + ふ/女 = 幅
  • ⡗⣚ - ね/示 + ふ/女 = 福
  • ⣳⣚ - む/車 + ふ/女 = 輻
  • ⣓⡚ - ふ/女 + ぬ/力 = 副
  • ⢥⠤⣚ - 心 + 宿 + ふ/女 = 蔔
  • ⣳⠤⣚ - む/車 + 宿 + ふ/女 = 蝠
  • ⣇⠤⣚ - ひ/辶 + 宿 + ふ/女 = 逼
  • ⢑⣚ - 仁/亻 + ふ/女 = 巫
    • ⡧⢐⣚ - ち/竹 + 仁/亻 + ふ/女 = 筮
      • ⠷⢐⣚ - れ/口 + 仁/亻 + ふ/女 = 噬
    • ⠗⢐⣚ - え/訁 + 仁/亻 + ふ/女 = 誣
  • ⣓⠤⢾ - ふ/女 + 宿 + せ/食 = 鵐
  • ⣁⣚ - 龸 + ふ/女 = 当
    • ⢇⣀⣚ - き/木 + 龸 + ふ/女 = 档
    • ⣁⣀⣚ - 龸 + 龸 + ふ/女 = 當
      • ⣣⣀⣚ - ま/石 + 龸 + ふ/女 = 礑
      • ⣳⣀⣚ - む/車 + 龸 + ふ/女 = 蟷
      • ⡗⣀⣚ - ね/示 + 龸 + ふ/女 = 襠
      • ⢃⣀⣚ - か/金 + 龸 + ふ/女 = 鐺
  • ⣣⣚ - ま/石 + ふ/女 = 普
    • ⠗⣚ - え/訁 + ふ/女 = 譜
  • ⢥⣚ - 心 + ふ/女 = 藤
    • ⢥⢤⣚ - 心 + 心 + ふ/女 = 籐
  • ⢣⣚ - さ/阝 + ふ/女 = 阜
    • ⡳⢢⣚ - つ/土 + さ/阝 + ふ/女 = 埠
  • ⢷⣚ - せ/食 + ふ/女 = 飾
  • ⡧⠤⣚ - ち/竹 + 宿 + ふ/女 = 籘

[5] [6] [7] [8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "World Braille Usage". UNESCO. Retrieved 2012-04-19. .
  2. ^ "Introduction to Bharati Braille". Retrieved 25 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Index of Topics in Braille Section". Oregon State University Science Access Project Braille topics. Retrieved 2012-04-29. 
  4. ^ UNESCO (2013). World Braille Usage. Washington, DC: National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Library of Congress. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-8444-9564-4. 
  5. ^ "ロービジョン相談と光学". Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  6. ^ "盲人と文字 -漢点字の世界". Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "漢点字". Retrieved 27 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "漢点字入門" (PDF). Retrieved 30 December 2013.