Faroese Braille

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Faroese Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Faroese
Parent systems
Braille
  • Faroese Braille
Print basis
Faroese alphabet

Faroese Braille is the braille alphabet of the Faroese language. It does not have any different letter assignments compared to the rest of the Scandinavian braille alphabets. (Note that Faroese is not a Scandinavian language, but a Nordic one, however the Wiki page appears to be named "Scandinavian" despite this).

All base letters are as in International Braille (meaning the French Braille alphabet, as that was the first one created).[1] The letters are also exactly the same as the other Nordic Braille alphabets, just as they are in the normal printed Nordic alphabets. For example, å/á, ö/ø and ä/æ are the same letters not only in Braille between, say, Faroese and Swedish Braille, but also recognized as exactly the same characters between, say, ink-printed Norwegian and Swedish (it's merely a stylistic choice in which language uses which). That is to say, all letter assignments in the Swedish and Icelandic Braille alphabets are exactly the same in the Faroese one.[2]

For example, ð is the same letter in both Faroese and Icelandic ink-print characters, and their Braille alphabets. The difference in the alphabets comes only in the Faroese diphthongs (ei being 26, ey 356, oy 24 - that is to say, "ei" is represented by one dot filled in, in the second row of the first column and the third row of the second column of a Braille character). These diphthongs are also considered single sounds when spelling Faroese in general, as in, it always would be spelled "ey" instead of "e-y" and the two letters can't be separated. These assignments conveniently do not exist in the Icelandic Braille alphabet, so they're an easy way to tell if the Braille is Faroese or Icelandic. Likewise, the Icelandic letter þ (which no longer exists in Faroese) is assigned to 1246, which is a character that doesn't exist already in the Faroese Braille alphabet.[3] Summarized, it is just as easy to read Icelandic Braille if one is a Faroese-speaker, as it is to read Icelandic ink-printed text if one can read Faroese.

(Note that the Braille character assignments in the chart below are incorrect and/or have missing letters, due to the previous Wiki user finding incorrect information! Please view this actual Faroese source for the correct alphabet.)

⠁ (braille pattern dots-1)
a
⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
á
⠃ (braille pattern dots-12)
b
⠙ (braille pattern dots-145)
d
⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456)
ð
⠑ (braille pattern dots-15)
e
⠋ (braille pattern dots-124)
f
⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245)
g
⠓ (braille pattern dots-125)
h
⠊ (braille pattern dots-24)
i
⠣ (braille pattern dots-126)
í
⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)
j
⠅ (braille pattern dots-13)
k
⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)
l
⠍ (braille pattern dots-134)
m
⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)
n
⠕ (braille pattern dots-135)
o
⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456)
ó
⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234)
p
⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235)
r
⠎ (braille pattern dots-234)
s
⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)
t
⠥ (braille pattern dots-136)
u
⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356)
ú
⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)
v
⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456)
y
⠿ (braille pattern dots-123456)
ý
⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)
æ
⠪ (braille pattern dots-246)
ø

Punctuation[edit]

⠂ (braille pattern dots-2)
,
⠄ (braille pattern dots-3)
⠆ (braille pattern dots-23)
 ;
⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
 :
⠲ (braille pattern dots-256)
.
⠖ (braille pattern dots-235)
 !
⠢ (braille pattern dots-26)
 ?
⠤ (braille pattern dots-36)
-
⠌ (braille pattern dots-34)
/
 
⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356)
“   ...   ”
⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356)
(   ...   )
⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36)
⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3)
...

The apostrophe, , is also used as the mark of abbreviations, while is used as a period / full stop.

Formatting[edit]

⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456)
(num.)
⠠ (braille pattern dots-6)
(caps)
⠰ (braille pattern dots-56)
(ital.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Page with the Faroese Braille alphabet) - Sjondepilin.fo "Tá tú hittir blind fólk" [1]
  2. ^ (Page with the Swedish Braille alphabet) - Så här ser punktskriftsalfabetet ut [2]
  3. ^ (Page with the Icelandic Braille alphabet) - Íslenska blindraleturs stafrófið [3]