Town center of Brezno
|Elevation||498 m (1,634 ft)|
|- elevation||2,043 m (6,703 ft)|
|- elevation||486 m (1,594 ft)|
|Area||121.957 km2 (47.088 sq mi)|
|Density||177/km2 (458/sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Brezno|
Brezno is located within the Horehronské podolie basin. Brezno lies between Low Tatras mountain range and the Slovak Ore Mountains. The river Hron flows through town. The city of Banská Bystrica is approximately 45 kilometres (28 miles) west. The local climate in the basin is rather cold, with an annual average of 6.6 °C (43.9 °F) and an annual precipitation of 700–750 mm (28–30 in).
The place has been inhabited since prehistoric times, but the current town arose from an old Slovak settlement, next to which newly arrived German miners erected a typical square market in the early 13th century. The first written evidence of the town's existence is dated 1265 when King Béla IV of Hungary issued a charter for the hunters from the area of Liptov allowing them to use woods around the settlement, known as Berezuno. The name is derived from the Slovak word "breza" for birch. In the nineteenth century Brezno was a typical almost purely Slovak town and was one of the centres of the Slovak national movement.
After the Second World War the town has developed into an industrial town with by far the largest share taken by a construction company: Mostaren Brezno which specialised itself with crane construction for whole Central Europe. In early '90s the construction company exited from business causing high unemployment in whole region. From late '90s Brezno built a large retail sector and promoted itself and whole region as a tourist destination where sports games and events such as Biathlon World cup or European golf cup are regularly held.
Hockey club HC Brezno is representing the town as part of the 1st senior league from the 2009/10 season. Therefore, the Brezno town council decided to reconstruct its indoor stadium in 2009. During the reconstruction new seats were added and the stadium was renamed to Brezno Arena. The total capacity was increased to 2500 seats.
According to the 2013 census, the town had 21,534 inhabitants.
According to the 2001 census 92.85% of the inhabitants were Slovaks, 4.63% Roma, 0.80% Czechs and 0.22% Hungarian. The religious makeup was 66.89% Roman Catholics, 18.54% people with no religious affiliation, 8.57% Lutherans, and 0.98% Greek Catholics.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Brezno is twinned with:
- Ciechanów, Poland
- Čačak, Serbia
- Meudon, France
- Nadlak, Romania
- Nový Bydžov, Czech Republic
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- Ivan Bella, astronaut
- Ján Chalupka, writer
- Pavol Habera, singer
- Ottó Herman, ornithologist
- Jozef Karika, experimental writer and publicist
- Karol Kuzmány, writer
- Miroslav Leitner, ski mountaineer
- Martin Rázus, writer
- Petr Sepéši, singer
- Adriana Sklenaříková, fashion model
- Dušan Švantner, politician
- "Population statistics".
- "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-11-16. Retrieved 2007-12-14.
- "Ciechanów Twin towns". Urząd Miasta Ciechanów. Archived from the original on 2013-07-29. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
- "Brezno - Partnerské mestá". Mesto Brezno. Retrieved 2016-10-17.
- "Ville de Meudon - Villes jumelles". Ville de Meudon. Archived from the original on 2013-05-07. Retrieved 2013-07-29.
The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Banska Bystrica, Slovakia"
- Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1656-1904 (parish A)
- Lutheran church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1784-1896 (parish A)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brezno.|