22nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)

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22nd Heavy Armoured Brigade
22nd Armoured Brigade
22nd Armoured Brigade Badge.jpg
Active 1939–1960
1981-1993
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Armoured
Size Brigade
Part of 2nd Armoured Division
7th Armoured Division
1st Armoured Division
1st (United Kingdom) Division
Garrison/HQ Campbell Barracks, Hohne
Engagements Second World War
North African Campaign
Invasion of Sicily
Battle of Normandy
North West Europe Campaign

The 22nd Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army that saw service during World War II. The brigade was formed as the 22nd Heavy Armoured Brigade on 3 September 1939 with three Yeomanry (Territorial Army) mechanised cavalry regiments – 2nd Royal Gloucestershire Hussars, 3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters) and 4th County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters).[1]

History[edit]

Second World War[edit]

This formation fought in the Western Desert Campaign under command at various times of the 7th, 1st and 10th Armoured Divisions (remaining with 7th Armoured Division from El Alamein onwards), the Italian Campaign through to the campaign in North West Europe. It was involved in Operation Crusader, the Siege of Tobruk, Battle of Gazala, Battle of Alam el Halfa, Battle of El Alamein, the Tunisia Campaign, and the Capture of Naples, and Operation Perch.

Post-war[edit]

From 1947 onward for a time it was part of the newly re-incorporated Territorial Army's 56th (London) Armoured Division. At that time it comprised the City of London Yeomanry (Rough Riders), the Westminster Dragoons, the 3rd/4th County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters), and 42nd Royal Tank Regiment.[2]

The brigade was reinstated by converting "Task Force Bravo" (which itself had been created four years earlier from 11th Armoured Brigade) into an armoured brigade in 1981, assigned to 1st Armoured Division[3] and based at Campbell Barracks in Hohne.[4] It disbanded in 1993.[5]

Component Units during World War II[edit]

22nd Armoured Brigade commanded the following regiments and battalions in World War II:[6]

From To Subordinate
3 September 1939 16 September 1942 2nd Royal Gloucestershire Hussars
3 September 1939 16 September 1942 3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters)
27 September 1939 29 July 1944 4th County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters)
23 November 1940 2 August 1941 2nd Battalion, The King's Royal Rifle Corps
16 February 1942 19 June 1942 50th Reconnaissance Regiment
4 March 1942 6 June 1942 107th (South Nottinghamshire Hussars) Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery
19 June 1942 31 August 1945 1st Battalion, The Rifle Brigade
25 June 1942 2 August 1942 2nd Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery
2 August 1942 12 September 1942 1st Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery
17 September 1942 31 August 1945 1st Royal Tank Regiment
17 September 1942 31 August 1945 5th Royal Tank Regiment
29 July 1944 31 August 1945 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bellis 1994, pp. 16–17
  2. ^ Graham Watson (10 March 2002). "United Kingdom: The Territorial Army 1947". orbat.com. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  3. ^ Black, Harvey. "The Cold War Years. A Hot War in reality. Part 6.". 
  4. ^ "Campbell Barracks". BAOR Locations. Retrieved 22 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "201 Squadron". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Joslen 1990, p. 168

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bellis, Malcolm A. (1994). Regiments of the British Army 1939–1945 (Armour & Infantry). London: Military Press International. ISBN 0-85420-999-9. 
  • Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (1990) [1st. Pub. HMSO:1960]. Orders of Battle, Second World War, 1939–1945. London: London Stamp Exchange. ISBN 0-948130-03-2. 

External links[edit]