Brown Eyed Girl
|"Brown Eyed Girl"|
Dutch 7-inch vinyl single
|Single by Van Morrison|
|from the album Blowin' Your Mind!|
|Recorded||28 March 1967|
|Studio||A & R, New York City|
|Van Morrison singles chronology|
"Brown Eyed Girl" is a song by Northern Irish singer and songwriter Van Morrison. Written by Morrison and recorded in March 1967 for Bang Records owner and producer Bert Berns, it was released as a single in June 1967 on the Bang label, peaking at number 10 on the Billboard Hot 100. It featured the Sweet Inspirations singing back-up vocals and is considered to be Van Morrison's signature song. "Brown Eyed Girl" has remained a staple on classic rock radio, and has been covered by hundreds of bands over the decades.
Recording and title
After finishing his contract with Decca Records and the mid-1966 break-up of his band, Them, Morrison returned to Belfast seeking a new recording company. When he received a phone call from Bert Berns, owner of Bang Records, who had produced a number of recordings with Them, he flew to New York City and hastily signed a contract (which biographer Clinton Heylin says probably still gives him sleepless nights). During a two-day recording session starting 28 March 1967, he recorded eight songs intended to be used as four singles. The recording session took place at A & R Studios and "Brown Eyed Girl" was captured on the 22nd take on the first day. Of the musicians Berns had assembled, there were three guitarists – Eric Gale, Hugh McCracken, and Al Gorgoni – plus bassist Russ Savakus, pianist Paul Griffin and drummer Gary Chester. It was released as a single in mid-June 1967.
Originally titled "Brown-Skinned Girl", Morrison changed it to "Brown Eyed Girl" when he recorded it. Morrison remarked on the title change: "That was just a mistake. It was a kind of Jamaican song. Calypso. It just slipped my mind [that] I changed the title." "After we'd recorded it, I looked at the tape box and didn't even notice that I'd changed the title. I looked at the box where I'd lain it down with my guitar and it said 'Brown Eyed Girl' on the tape box. It's just one of those things that happen."
An 18-second audio sample of Van Morrison's "Brown Eyed Girl"
Problems playing this file? See media help.
The song's nostalgic lyrics about a former love were considered too suggestive at the time to be played on many radio stations. A radio-edit of the song was released which removed the lyrics "making love in the green grass", replacing them with "laughin' and a-runnin', hey hey" from a previous verse. This edited version appears on some copies of the compilation album The Best of Van Morrison. However the remastered CD seems[clarification needed] to have the bowdlerised lyrics in the packaging but the original "racy" lyrics on the disc. Lyrically, it "shows early hints of the idealized pastoral landscapes that would flow through his songs through the decades, a tendency that links him to the Romantic poets, whom Morrison has cited as an influence" according to music journalist Erik Hage.
Because of a contract he signed with Bang Records without legal advice, Morrison states that he has never received any royalties for writing or recording this song. The contract made him liable for virtually all recording expenses incurred for all of his Bang Records recordings before royalties would be paid, and after those expenses were recouped, the revenue would become the "subject of some highly creative accounting".[attribution needed] Morrison vented frustration about this unjust contract in his sarcastic nonsense song "The Big Royalty Check". Morrison has stated that "Brown Eyed Girl" is not among his favourite songs, remarking "it's not one of my best. I mean I've got about 300 songs that I think are better".
To capitalise on the success of the single, producer Berns assembled the album Blowin' Your Mind! without Morrison's input or knowledge. Released in September 1967, the album contained the single as its lead-off track as well as songs recorded by Morrison at the March recording sessions for Berns. The album peaked at No. 182 on the Billboard 200.
Morrison's original recording of "Brown Eyed Girl" remains widely familiar today, as the uncensored version is regularly played by many "oldies" and "classic rock" radio stations. In 2005, Morrison received a Million-Air certificate by BMI as a "Top European Writer" for reaching 7 million US radio and television airplays for "Brown Eyed Girl" and again in 2007, Morrison was awarded another Million-Air certificate by BMI for 8 million air plays of "Brown Eyed Girl". In 2009, "Brown Eyed Girl" was at the top of the list for most played songs at the BMI London awards winning a Million-Air certificate for 9 million air plays. In 2011, "Brown Eyed Girl" joined an elite group of songs as it was honoured for having 10 million US radio air plays and therefore becoming one of the ten songs that have been registered with BMI that have received that number of radio plays. As of 2015, "Brown Eyed Girl" remains the most downloaded and most played song of the entire 1960s decade.
"I was going to say this is a song about sex, and it is, and a song about youth and growing up, and memory, and it's also—very much and very wonderfully—a song about singing."
This song proved to be the impetus for Morrison's career. It was his first single after leaving his position as lead singer for the Belfast-formed Them and led to his relocation to the United States and an eventual contract with Warner Bros. Records, where he recorded his career-defining album, Astral Weeks.
Critical acclaim and influence
Dave Marsh in his 1989 book, The Heart of Rock and Soul, The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever, rated it No. 386. In 1999, Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI) listed it as one of the Top 100 Songs of the Century. In 2000, it was listed at No. 21 on the Rolling Stone/MTV list of 100 Greatest Pop Songs and as No. 49 on VH1's list of the 100 Greatest Rock Songs. In 2001, it was ranked No. 131 as one of the RIAAs Songs of the Century, a list of the top 365 songs of the 20th century chosen with historical significance in mind.
In November 2004, "Brown Eyed Girl" was ranked No. 110 on the Rolling Stone magazine list of 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. At the same year, it was listed as No. 79 on the All Time 885 Greatest Songs compiled by WXPN from listeners' votes. In January 2007, "Brown Eyed Girl" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. It was ranked as the 183rd greatest song of all time, as well as the 12th best song of 1967, by Acclaimed Music. It is also one of The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll.
- Van Morrison – vocals, guitar
- Eric Gale – guitar
- Gary Chester – drums
- Russ Savakus – bass guitar
- Al Gorgoni – guitar
- Hugh McCracken – guitar
- Garry Sherman – organ
- The Sweet Inspirations – back-up vocals
In popular culture
- The song has been featured in several popular films, including the 1983 film The Big Chill, the 1989 film Born on the Fourth of July, and the 1991 film Sleeping with the Enemy, starring Julia Roberts.
- Mayor of London Boris Johnson included the song as one of his eight Desert Island Discs on BBC Radio 4 on 20 April 2003. Fashion designer Betty Jackson also included the song on her list on 28 April 2002, as did British actor, comedian and singer Hugh Laurie on 23 June 2013.
- In April 2005, the White House announced that "Brown Eyed Girl" gets regular rotation on George W. Bush's iPod. Morrison announced before a university performance in England: "Yeah, it's good to hear things like that, you know. But I would have preferred if it was a new song."
- A 2008 FoxTrot strip portrays "Brown Eyed Girl", along with "Eye of the Tiger" by Survivor and "My Eyes Adored You" by The Four Seasons as music played on the music site EyeTunes.
- In March 2009, former US president Bill Clinton picked "Brown Eyed Girl" as top pick on his list of favourite ten tunes included on his signed iPod donated for a charity auction for musical victims of Hurricane Katrina.
- The song was played at the end of the funeral for comedian Rik Mayall in June 2014.
- The song is featured as a playable track in the 2015 video game Rock Band 4.
- In Graeme Simsion's 2017 novel The Best of Adam Sharp, Adam is playing "Brown Eyed Girl" when he first meets Angelina, and it is the song he plays over the phone when they reconnect 22 years later.
|Year||Billboard||UK Singles Chart|
|Hot 100||Hot Ringtones|
"Brown Eyed Girl" was one of the songs included on the 1990 compilation album, The Best of Van Morrison. It is one of the songs performed live at Morrison's concert of performance of 15 September 2006 at the Austin City Limits Festival and is included on the limited CD album, Live at Austin City Limits Festival. "Brown Eyed Girl" was one of the nineteen songs featured on Van Morrison's 2007 compilation album, Van Morrison at the Movies – Soundtrack Hits. The version on this compilation is a recent re-recording of the original version of the song. The original version is one of the hits on the 2007 compilation album, Still on Top – The Greatest Hits. A live version of this song is featured on the 2008 reissue of the live double album It's Too Late to Stop Now.
|"Brown Eyed Girl"|
|Single by El Chicano|
|from the album Celebration|
|Studio||The Sound Factory, Los Angeles|
|Genre||Brown eyed soul|
|El Chicano singles chronology|
|"Brown Eyed Girl"|
|Single by Ian Matthews|
|from the album Go For Broke|
|Studio||Quadrofonic Studio, Nashville|
|Producer(s)||Norbert Putnam, Glen Spreen|
|Ian Matthews singles chronology|
El Chicano remade "Brown Eyed Girl" for their 1972 album Celebration.[not in citation given] Kapp Records had invited music journalist Don Buday to produce the album, being impressed by Buday's writings on El Chicano: Buday had the group remake "Brown Eyed Girl" and also the Cream hit "I Feel Free" "[to try] to give [El Chicano] more of a rock-and-roll identity". Journeyman recording engineer Val Garay, who had his first engineering assignment producing Celebration, would recall that "Don got this brilliant idea of [remaking] 'Brown Eyed Girl'...kind of like the 'Mexican Everly Brothers". Released as the album's lead single, "Brown Eyed Girl" peaked at No. 45 on the Billboard Hot 100. Chicanismo scholar Dionne Espinoza opined that the El Chicano version of "Brown Eyed Girl" turned the song into "an affirmation of the beauty of brown[-skinned] women".
British singer/songwriter Iain Matthews remade "Brown Eyed Girl" for his 1976 album Go for Broke from which it was issued as the lead single, becoming a hit in the Netherlands (No. 22) and in New Zealand (No. 25).
An Adult Contemporary hit (No. 13) for Jimmy Buffett as recorded for his One Particular Harbour album (1983), "Brown Eyed Girl" was a 1984 C&W hit for Joe Stampley (No. 29), while a 1980 remake by the Good Brothers was a hit in Canada on both the Country and Adult Contemporary charts, with respective chart peaks of No. 15 and No. 2.
"Brown Eyed Girl" has been recorded and performed by many other prominent artists such as: Adele (2008), Busted, Everclear, Johnny Rivers, Bruce Springsteen, U2, Bob Dylan, Brian Kennedy, Steel Pulse, Roberto Jordan (Spanish version "La Chica De Los Ojos Cafes"), Lagwagon, John Anderson, The Black Sorrows, Ronan Keating, Reel Big Fish, and Joe Camilleri.
- Yorke, Into the Music, p. 42
- Heylin, Can You Feel the Silence. p.144-147
- Turner, Too Late to Stop Now. p.76
- Heylin, Can You Feel the Silence?, p. 152
- "Interview: Jeff Barry". music-illuminati.com. 29 January 2010. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- Rogan, No Surrender. p.199
- Heylin, Can You Feel the Silence?. p. 150
- "Meet Gary". gary-chester.com. Archived from the original on 16 January 2012. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- Rogan, No Surrender. p.201
- "Smithsonian Folkways - Joseph Spence: The Complete Folkways Recordings, 1958". Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- Collis, Inarticulate Speech of the Heart. p81.
- Rogan, No Surrender. p.43
- Bignell, Paul (21 November 2010). "Independent on Sunday, Decoded songs and their meanings". The Independent. London. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- Hage, The Words and Music of Van Morrison, pp. 33-34
- "Van Morrison at Rancho Nicasio". martaypix.com. Retrieved 27 August 2008.
- Heylin, Can You Feel the Silence. p.148
- TIME Magazine Interviews: Van Morrison. TIME. 26 February 2009. 4:14 minutes in. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- "BMI Honors Top European Writers". 28 November 2005. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Peter Gabriel Receives Top Honor at BMI Awards". BMI. 16 October 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "BMI London Awards". BMI. 9 October 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
- "My 10 million radio plays Brown Eyed Girl". Irish Independent. 5 October 2011. Retrieved 21 January 2011.
- Appel, Rich (14 February 2015). "Revisionist History, Valentine's Day Edition: Captain & Tennille Crunches Aerosmith, Van Morrison Boots Lulu". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Williams, Rock and Roll: The 100 Best Singles. p. 122
- "Dave Marsh the 1001 greatest Singles Ever". rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 8 April 2007.
- "Complete list of Top 100 Songs". archer2000.tripod.com. Archived from the original on 15 February 2012. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "Rolling Stone's and MTV's 200 Greatest Pop Songs". rockonthenet.com. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "VH1: 100 Greatest Rock Songs". rockonthenet.com. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "365 Songs by Rank". tcotrel.com. Archived from the original on 30 January 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2009.
- "The Association Admiration Aggregation". theassociation.net. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- "Rolling Stone Magazine's Top 500 Songs". Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2010.
- All-Time 885 Greatest Songs Archived 31 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Grammy Hall of Fame Award". Grammy. Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
- "Acclaimed Music Top 3000 songs". Acclaimed Music. 27 May 2009.
- "The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll". listsofbests.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- "Fimtracks: Born on the Fourth of July". filmtracks.com. Retrieved 27 October 2009.
- "Van Morrison". IMDb. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
- "Desert Island Discs – Boris Johnson". BBC. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- "Desert Island Discs – Betty Jackson". BBC. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- "Desert Island Discs – Castaway: Hugh Laurie". BBC. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- "Renaissance Van". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- "Clinton picks Morrison & Simon for charity iPod". star magazine.co.uk. 9 March 2009. Archived from the original on 1 October 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- Morris, Steven (2014-06-19). "Rik Mayall funeral attended by stars of comedy". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- "Rock Band 4 Core Soundtrack". Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- "A playlist for reading The Best of Adam Sharp". Penguin. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
- "Van Morrison - Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "Van Morrison - Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "VAN MORRISON". The Official Charts Company. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- Greenwald, Matthew. "Van Morrison: Brown Eyed Girl – Song Review". AllMusic. Retrieved 22 January 2012.
- Espinoza, Dionne (2003). "Tanto Tiempo Disfrutamos..": revisiting the gender & sexual politics of Chicano/a youth culture in East Los Angeles of the 1960s". In Alicia Gaspar De Alba. Velvet Barrios: popular culture & Chicana/o sexualities. Basingstoke Hants: Macmillan Palgrave. p. 90. ISBN 978-1403960979.
- Hartenbach, Brett. "Go for Broke". AllMusic. Retrieved 6 October 2015.
- Whitburn, Joel (2013). Hot Country Songs 1944–2012. Record Research, Inc. p. 318. ISBN 978-0-89820-203-8.
- "BBC - Radio 2's Great British Songbook: Brown Eyed Girl". BBC Radio 2. Retrieved 21 January 2012.
- "U2 3 Nights Live: Second Night". u2gigs.com. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
- "allmusic: Brian Kennedy - All songs". allmusic.com. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
- "Lagwagon: Songs> All Songs". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
- "Takin' the Country Back > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 October 2009.
- "Ronan Keating at Blickling". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 27 October 2009.
- "Reel Big Fish Cover Songs". coversproject.com. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
- Collis, John (1996). Inarticulate Speech of the Heart, Little Brown and Company, ISBN 0-306-80811-0
- Hage, Erik (2009). The Words and Music of Van Morrison, Praeger Publishers, ISBN 978-0-313-35862-3
- Heylin, Clinton (2003). Can You Feel the Silence? Van Morrison: A New Biography, Chicago Review Press ISBN 1-55652-542-7
- Rogan, Johnny (2006). Van Morrison: No Surrender, London:Vintage Books ISBN 978-0-09-943183-1
- Turner, Steve (1993). Van Morrison: Too Late to Stop Now, Viking Penguin, ISBN 0-670-85147-7
- Williams, Paul (1993). Rock and Roll: The 100 Best Singles, Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc., ISBN 0-88184-966-9
- Yorke, Ritchie (1975). Into The Music, London:Charisma Books, ISBN 0-85947-013-X