|Part of a series on the|
|Military of ancient Rome|
|Military of Ancient Rome portal|
Bucellarii (the Latin plural of Bucellarius; literally "biscuit–eater", Greek: Βουκελλάριοι) were formations of escort troops used in the Roman Empire in Late Antiquity.[a] They were employed by high-ranking military figures (such as Flavius Aetius and Belisarius) or civil office-holders. The word is derived from the type of bread rations eaten by these troops, so-called buccellatum. The term bucellarii came into common use during the reign of Emperor Honorius (r. 395–423).
According to Jon Coulston, one bucellarii regiment is attested in the Notitia Dignitatum. The creation of the bucellarii reflected an increase in the "use of armed retinues by public officials" in the Roman Empire. Coulston notes that the buccellarii provided the best cavalry in 5th and 6th century Roman armies, and were "recruited from Romans, Persians, Goths, and Huns, amongst others". They generally received the highest salaries and were armed with the best equipment from the empire's factories.
- They are also described as "militarily organized bodyguards" or "elite defence forces".
- Coulston, Jon (2018). "bucellarii". In Nicholson, Oliver. The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-866277-8.
- Dixon, Karen R.; Southern, Pat (1996). Late Roman Army. Routledge. ISBN 978-1134724222.
- Heather, Peter (2018). Rome Resurgent: War and Empire in the Age of Justinian. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199362745.
- Prinzing, Günter (2008). "Patronage and retinues". In Jeffreys, Elizabeth; Haldon, John F.; Cormack, Robin. The Oxford Handbook of Byzantine Studies. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0199252466.
|This article about the military history of Ancient Rome is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This Byzantine Empire-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|