Logothetes tou stratiotikou
The logothetēs toū stratiōtikou (Greek: λογοθέτης τοῦ στρατιωτικοῦ), rendered in English as the Logothete of the Military or Military Logothete, was a Byzantine imperial official in charge of the pay and provisioning of the Byzantine army. The office appears in the late 7th century and is mentioned until the 14th century.
History and functions
This duty was originally exercised by the praetorian prefecture, but the military chest (το στρατιωτικόν, to stratiōtikon) was eventually detached and formed as a separate logothesion. The first attested logothetēs toū stratiōtikou was Julian, the "most glorious apo hypatōn and patrikios" in 680.
The exact sphere of duties of the logothete is somewhat obscure. The only direct evidence as to his functions comes from the 10th-century De Ceremoniis of Emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos (r. 913–959), according to which he oversaw the imposition and exemption from taxes on the households of soldiers. It is also known that by the 11th century, he exercised some juridical functions. Several scholars (notably Ernst Stein) have argued that the Military Logothete supervised military affairs in general, such as the levying of troops, the construction of fortifications and the overall military expenditure. This hypothesis, however, cannot be proved.
The subordinates of the logothetēs tou stratiōtikou were:
- The chartoularioi of the sekreton (χαρτουλάριοι τοῦ σεκρέτου), the senior subaltern officials of the department.
- The chartoularioi of the themata (χαρτουλάριοι τῶν θεμάτων) and the tagmata (χαρτουλάριοι τῶν ταγμάτων), supervising the financial affairs of the thematic troops and the imperial tagmata, respectively.
- A number of legatarioi (λεγατάριοι), whose exact function is unknown.
- The optiones (ὀπτίονες, from Latin optio), officials responsible for the distribution of pay to the troops.
- A number of kankellarioi under a prōtokankellarios.
- A number of mandatores ("messengers").
List of known logothetai tou stratiōtikou
|Julian||c. 680||Constantine IV||Apo hypatōn and patrikios, only known as an attendant of the Sixth Ecumenical Council.|||
|Eustathios||probably 7th century||unknown||Known only from his lead seal of office.|||
|John||c. 787–790||Irene of Athens||A eunuch servant of Irene, he is mentioned as attending the Second Council of Nicaea, with the rank of imperial ostiarios and the office of "logothetēs of the military logothesion". By c. 790 he was also sakellarios, and led an expedition to Italy in support of the former King of the Lombards Adelchis, who intended to recover his realm from Charlemagne. The expedition was defeated by the Franks, and John was captured and killed.|||
|John||8th/9th century||unknown||Known only from his lead seal of office.|||
|George||c. 829–843||Theophilos||Logothetēs toū stratiōtikou under Theophilos.|||
|Marinos||c. 869||Basil I the Macedonian||Patrikios and a senator, only known as an attendant of the Council of Constantinople in 869.|||
|Theodore Daphnopates||before 959||Romanos II||The patrikios Theodore Daphnopates, a former logothetēs toū stratiōtikou (ἀπὸ στρατιωτικῶν), was promoted by Romanos II to Eparch of Constantinople.|||
|Nicholas||c. mid-11th century||unknown||Michael Psellos provided a funeral oration for him.|||
|Michael VI Bringas||until 1056||Theodora||A career army administrator of advanced years, Michael was raised by the palace eunuchs to the throne upon the death of Empress Theodora in 1056, and reigned until deposed in 1057.|||
|Paul||unknown||unknown||Known only from his lead seals of office as prōtospatharios, epi tou Chrysotriklinou, judge of the Hippodrome, and stratiōtikos logothetēs.|||
|Michael||11th/12th century||unknown||Known only from his lead seals of office as patrikios, anthypatos, vestēs and vestarchēs, and stratiōtikos logothetēs.|||
|Theodosios||12th century||unknown||Known only from his lead seals of office as hypatos, prōtospatharios and logothetēs toū stratiōtikou.|||
|Hyaleas (?)||c. 1315/16||Andronikos II Palaiologos||An inscription from 1316 mentions the pansebastos, logothetēs toū stratiōtikou, and kephalē of Thessalonica "Hyalsou", in all likelihood a misspelling of the genitive "Hyaleou". Guilland suggests a possible identity with the megas adnoumiastēs Alexios Hyaleas.|||
|Meliteniotes||c. 1325||Andronikos II Palaiologos||Mentioned in a legal document at Constantinople in 1325.|||
|Theodore Kabasilas||c. 1327||Andronikos II Palaiologos||A sebastos and former megas dioikētēs. Eulogized by John Kantakouzenos as a man held in high esteem by both Andronikos II and Andronikos III, he tried to mediate between the two during the Byzantine civil war of 1321–1328.|||
Rodolphe Guilland also lists some 6th-century officials, who served under Justinian I and were in charge of the army pay chest, as predecessors of the later office of logothetēs toū stratiōtikou: Alexander "Scissors", active in Greece and Italy in c. 540–541; the patrikios and former praetorian prefect Archelaus, who accompanied Belisarius as his quartermaster in the Vandalic War; and the senator Symmachus, who was sent to Africa as praetorian prefect and quartermaster for Germanus in 536–539.
- Bury 1911, p. 90.
- ODB, "Logothetes tou stratiotikou" (A. Kazhdan), p. 1248.
- ODB, "Legatarios" (A. Kazhdan), p. 1202.
- Bury 1911, p. 91.
- Guilland 1971, p. 30.
- Guilland 1971, p. 31.
- Guilland 1971, pp. 29–30.
- PLP, 29465. Ὑαλέας.
- PLP, 94143. Μελιτηνιώτης.
- PLP, 10090. Καβάσιλας Θεόδωρος.
- Guilland 1971, p. 29.
- Martindale 1992, pp. 43–44.
- Martindale 1980, pp. 133–134.
- Martindale 1992, p. 1213.
- Bury, John Bagnell (1911). The Imperial Administrative System of the Ninth Century - With a Revised Text of the Kletorologion of Philotheos. London: Oxford University Press.
- Guilland, Rodolphe (1971). "Les Logothètes: Etudes sur l'histoire administrative de l'Empire byzantin" [The Logothetes: Studies on the Administrative History of the Byzantine Empire]. Revue des études byzantines (in French). 29: 5–115. doi:10.3406/rebyz.1971.1441.
- Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.
- Martindale, John R., ed. (1980). The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire: Volume II, AD 395–527. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-20159-4.
- Martindale, John R., ed. (1992). The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire: Volume III, AD 527–641. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-20160-8.
- Trapp, Erich; Beyer, Hans-Veit; Walther, Rainer; Sturm-Schnabl, Katja; Kislinger, Ewald; Leontiadis, Ioannis; Kaplaneres, Sokrates (1976–1996). Prosopographisches Lexikon der Palaiologenzeit (in German). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. ISBN 3-7001-3003-1.