Buffalo Police Department (New York)

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Buffalo Police Department
Buffalo Police Department shield.png
AbbreviationBPD
MottoServing The Community
Agency overview
Formed1871
Preceding agency
  • Niagara Frontier Police District
Annual budgetUS$ 131 Million (2017–2018) [1]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionBuffalo, New York, USA
Size52.5 square miles (136 km2)
Population260,000
Legal jurisdictionAs per operations jurisdiction
Primary governing bodyMayor of Buffalo, New York
Secondary governing bodyBuffalo Common Council
General nature
Headquarters68 Court Street
Buffalo NY, 14202
Erie County New York incorporated and unincorporated areas Buffalo highlighted.svg
Police Officers708 (2017-18)[1]
Unsworn members~200
Agency executive
  • Byron C. Lockwood, Commissioner
Facilities
Districts
Website
[1]

The Buffalo Police Department is the second-largest city police force in the state of New York. In 2012, it had over nine hundred employees, including over seven hundred police officers.[2]

The Buffalo Police Commissioner is Byron C. Lockwood [3] after Commissioner Daniel Derenda retired to the private sector.[4] The deputy commissioner is Joseph Gramgalia.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The City of Buffalo Police Department was established in 1871, taking over for the previous Niagara Frontier Police District that oversaw not only Buffalo, but also Tonawanda and Wheatfield. The BPD appointed its first female police officer prior to World War I, and its first Black patrol officer in 1918.[1]

Fifty-one Buffalo police officers have died in the line of duty. The first of these was George Dill who was shot and killed in 1865.[5]

Press reports in 2019 indicated the Department had an unwritten policy since at least 1968 to not arrest Catholic priests. Although retired officers said they had never released a priest who had had sexual contact with a child, those detained for public masturbation or sexual activity with an adult were released after a phone call to the local diocese. The clergy of other faiths were not offered the same policy.[6]

In 2018, the BPD, along with the Buffalo Fire Department, moved into a new joint headquarters building in the former Michael J. Dillon Federal Courthouse.[7]

Squads[edit]

The Department has several different squads used for specialized situations.

  • Underwater Recovery Unit,
  • Homicide Cold Case Squad,
  • Crime Scene Investigation,
  • S.W.A.T, Strike Force (Disbanded 2018),
  • K-9 Corps,
  • Emergency Response Team,
  • Honor Guard,
  • Crisis Management Team,
  • Communication Division,
  • Motorcycle Squad,
  • Mounted Division,
  • Band and Drill Team,
  • Cartography Unit,
  • Pawnshop Squad,
  • Printing Department,
  • Identification Bureau.[8]

Crime[edit]

Crime rates in the city are generally above national and state averages.

Violent Crime:

Rate, Buffalo Rate, New York State Rate, United States [9]
10.22 3.57 4.0

Districts[edit]

The Department has five districts: A-District, B-District, C-District, D-District, and E-District. Each district has a certain area of the city they are responsible for and are broken further into sectors.[citation needed]

Each district has a chief and one or two captains:[citation needed]

District District chief Neighborhoods covered
A Robert Joyce South Buffalo
B Dawn Kent Downtown
C Alphonso Wright Eastside
D Anthony Barba Riverside
E Carmen Menza University Heights

Equipment[edit]

  • Glock 22 .40 S&W Sidearm-standard issue sidearm, replaced Glock 17.
  • Benelli Nova Shotgun-standard issue duty shotgun, used in situations when the rifle isn't needed and when the service pistol isn't needed. Medium range encounters.
  • Expandable Baton Impact Weapon - used as a less than lethal weapon.
  • Straight stick Impact Weapon - used as a less than lethal crowd control weapon, not commonly carried, but issued during said events.
  • Pepperspray OC - used as a less-than-lethal defensive spray.
  • Handcuffs Restraints - used to detain subjects.

Buffalo Police Special Weapons and Tactics

  • Glock 22 .40 S&W sometimes outfitted with a TLR-1 weapon light.
  • Colt AR-15- M4A1 and Commando models utilized, usually equipped with different sights, flashlights, foregrips, usually more customized than usual patrol rifles.
  • Heckler & Koch MP5- sub-machine gun utilized for certain scenarios for close quarters areas where the M4's would be to large and for other incidents.
  • Benelli M3 Super 90- Entry Model with a 14 barrel as well as some having flashlights.

===Ranks===[citation needed]

  • Commissioner
  • Deputy Commissioner
  • Chief of Detectives
  • District Chief
  • Inspector
  • Captain
  • Lieutenant
  • Detective Sergeant
  • Detective
  • Patrol Officer

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Fact Sheet: The City of Buffalo Police Department" (PDF). Partnership for the Public Good. December 2017. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  2. ^ http://www.bpdny.org/
  3. ^ https://www.bpdny.org/149/Contact-Information
  4. ^ http://www.wgrz.com/article/news/local/bpd-commissioner-derenda-retires/71-508696856
  5. ^ "Buffalo Police Department, New York". Officer Down Memorial Page. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  6. ^ Hebeck, Dan (19 May 2019). "Marching orders kept Buffalo cops from arresting child-molesting priests". The Buffalo News. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  7. ^ Williams, Deidre (2018-09-10). "Buffalo Police Department begins move to new headquarters". The Buffalo News. Retrieved 2019-01-24.
  8. ^ MyFreeTemplates.com, Joseph De Araujo -. "Buffalo Police Then and Now". www.bpdthenandnow.com. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
  9. ^ "Buffalo New York Crime Rates". Neighborhood Scout. Retrieved 26 May 2019.