Bullet tuna

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Bullet Tuna
Aux roch 130511-2031 plrtu.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scombriformes
Family: Scombridae
Genus: Auxis
Species:
A. rochei
Binomial name
Auxis rochei
(Risso, 1810)
Synonyms[2]
  • Scomber rochei Risso, 1810
  • Scomber bisus Rafinesque, 1810
  • Auxis bisus (Rafinesque, 1810)
  • Thynnus rocheanus Risso, 1827
  • Thunnus rocheanus (Risso, 1827)
  • Auxis vulgaris Cuvier, 1832
  • Auxis thynnoides Bleeker, 1855
  • Auxis ramsayi Castelnau, 1879
  • Auxis maru Kishinouye, 1915

The bullet tuna, Auxis rochei, is a species of tuna, in the family Scombridae, found circumglobally in tropical oceans, including the Mediterranean Sea,[2] in open surface waters to depths of 50 m (164 ft). The population of bullet tuna in the western Pacific was classified as a subspecies of A. rochei, A. rochei eudorax, but some authorities regard this as a valid species Auxis eudorax.[3] Its maximum length is 50 centimetres (20 in).

Sometimes called bullet mackerel, the bullet tuna is a comparatively small and slender tuna. It has a triangular first dorsal fin, widely separated from the second dorsal fin, which, like the anal and pectoral fins, is relatively small. There are the usual finlets of the tuna. There is a small corselet of small scales around the pectoral region of the body.

Bullet tunas are blue-black on the back with a pattern of zig-zag dark markings on the upper hind body, and silver below. The fins are dark grey.

They feed on small fish, squid, planktonic crustaceans, and stomatopod larvae.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Collette, B.; Acero, A.; Amorim, A.F.; et al. (2011). "Auxis rochei". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T170355A6765188. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-2.RLTS.T170355A6765188.en.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Auxis rochei" in FishBase. February 2018 version.
  3. ^ William Eschmeyer, ed. (30 April 2018). "Species that contain: Auxis and eudorax". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 7 May 2018.