In 1958–1967 the Byaroza hydroelectric power station was built. The town of Byelaazyorsk is built for the power station workers in 1958.
At the time of the Belarus Census (2009), Byaroza District had a population of 66,988. Of these, 90.8% were of Belarusian, 5.7% Russian, 1.8% Ukrainian and 1.0% Polish ethnicity. 61.7% spoke Belarusian and 36.2% Russian as their native language.
There are industry enterprises in the rayon producing agricultural products, ceramics, construction materials, textiles.
An important railway branch connecting region center Brest and capital Minsk goes through the Byaroza district. Main railway stations in the rajon are Byaroza-Kartuzskaya, Bronnaya Hara, Byelaazyorsk.
Places of interest
- Orthodox Charniachauskaja church of St. Nicholas (1725)
- Carthusian monastery ruins, Byaroza
- Old Pyeski mansion, 19th century
- Roman Catholic Church of St. Virgin Mary, Sihnievichy (1795)
- Chernoye Lake (tenth the largest lake in Belarus) 
- "Main characteristics of the largest lakes of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Research Laboratory for Lake Study of the Belarus State University. 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2013.