|Mission type||Earth observation|
|Operator||NASA / CNES|
|Mission duration||Elapsed: 13 years, 3 months, 21 days|
|Launch mass||587 kilograms (1,294 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||April 28, 2006, 10:02:16UTC|
|Rocket||Delta 7420-10C D314|
|Launch site||Vandenberg AFB SLC-2W|
|Semi-major axis||7,080.7 kilometres (4,399.7 mi)|
|Perigee altitude||701 kilometers (436 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||703 kilometers (437 mi)|
|Argument of perigee||80.3481 degrees|
|Mean anomaly||279.7840 degrees|
CALIPSO is a joint NASA (USA) and CNES (France) environmental satellite, built in the Cannes Mandelieu Space Center, which was launched atop a Delta II rocket on April 28, 2006. Its name stands for Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations.
Passive and active remote sensing Instruments on board the CALIPSO satellite monitor aerosols and clouds 24 hours a day. CALIPSO is part of the "A Train", flying in formation with several other satellites (Aqua, Aura and CloudSat).
- Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) - a lidar that provides high-resolution vertical profiles of aerosols and clouds.
- Wide Field Camera (WFC) - a modified version of the commercial off-the-shelf Ball Aerospace CT-633 star tracker camera. It was selected to match band 1 of the MODIS instrument on the Aqua satellite.
- Imaging Infrared Radiometer (IIR) - used to detect cirrus cloud emissivity and particle size. The CALIOP laser beam is aligned with the center of the IIR image to optimize joint CALIOP/IIR observations.
In February 2009, CALIPSO switched over to the redundant laser as scheduled. The primary laser achieved its mission goal of three years of successful operation, and the redundant laser has been performing beyond expectations.
The CALIPSO mission was granted extended mission status in June 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to CALIPSO (spacecraft).|