CZ 82

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Vz 82, CZ 83
CZ 82 IMG 1785 noBg.jpg
Vz 82 Czechoslovak Military pistol in 9×18mm Makarov caliber. (note: Serial number digitally concealed)
TypeSemi-automatic pistol
Place of originCzechoslovakia
Service history
In service1983–1993 (Czechoslovakia),
(Czech Republic),
(Slovak Republic)
Production history
DesignerAugustin Nečas
Produced1983–1992 (CZ 82)
1983–2012 (CZ 83)
VariantsCZ 83 (civilian version)
Mass800 g (28 oz) empty (9×18 mm Makarov/.380 ACP)
920 g (32 oz) loaded (9×18 mm Makarov/.380 ACP)
750 g (26 oz) empty (.32 ACP)
Length172 mm (6.8 in)
Barrel length97 mm (3.8 in)
Width36 mm (1.4 in)
Height127 mm (5.0 in)

Cartridge9×18mm Makarov (82 & 83), .380 ACP (83 only), .32 ACP (83 only)
ActionBlowback, double action
Muzzle velocity305 m/s (1,001 ft/s)
Effective firing range50 m (55 yards)
Feed system12-rd, staggered-column, detachable box magazine (9×18mm Makarov/.380 ACP)
15-rd, staggered-column, detachable box magazine (.32 ACP)
Sightsfixed front blade; rear drift-adjustable for windage

The Česká zbrojovka Vz. 82 is a compact semi-automatic pistol made for the Czechoslovakian military. "Vz" is an abbreviation for "vzor", which translates to "model." A civilian export version is called the CZ 83.


Manufactured by the Czechoslovak firm Česká zbrojovka the vz. 82 replaced the 7.62×25mm Tokarev vz. 52 pistol in Czechoslovak military service in 1983. It is a compact, single/double-action, semi-automatic pistol with a conventional blowback action. This type of action allows the barrel to remain solidly fixed to the frame, resulting in improved accuracy over pistols with pivoting barrels (like the U.S. M1911 series). The low bore axis of the vz. 82 provides for less muzzle rise and quicker follow-up shots. For added convenience, both the frame-mounted thumb safety and the magazine release are ambidextrous. The vz. 82 was the first service pistol to feature both these features. The bore is chrome plated, which gives it three advantages: longer barrel life, resistance to rust from the use of corrosive ammunition, and ease of cleaning. Another feature of this pistol is the use of polygonal rifling in the barrel bore. This replaces the traditional lands and grooves rifling design with a rounded, smooth polygonal pattern which has a more "hills and valleys" appearance. The CZ 83 was set to discontinued/limited production status by CZ USA in 2012.[1]

Curio and relic[edit]

The vz. 82 was added to the US government's "Curio and Relic" list with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (BATFE) in February 2007, after an individual wrote a letter to the ATF attaching a letter from a federal museum curator who stated that the vz. 82 had "museum interest" as a curio and relic.[2]


The Vz. 82 was made in 9×18mm only while the CZ 83 is available in a variety of finishes and chamberings:[3]

  • .32 ACP (aka 7.65mm Browning) - 15-round magazine capacity. Grooved rifling.
  • .380 ACP (aka 9mm Browning Short) - 12-round magazine. Grooved rifling. (13-round if a 9×18mm Makarov magazine is used). The standard Vz. 82 magazine fits the CZ-83 in .380 ACP without alteration[citation needed].
  • 9mm Makarov - 12-round magazine. Produced 1999 - 2001. Polygonal rifling.
  • 9mm P.A.K. - 12 round magazine. Smooth bore.


The CZ 83 stripped-down into its main assemblies.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Nixon, Sterling (13 February 2007). "903050:RV 3311/2007-139" (PDF). Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2011. Retrieved 16 May 2010.
  3. ^ Chart on page 12 of the CZ 83 manual -
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Statistik 2016 BKSDA Jawa Timur" (PDF). BKSDA Jawa Timur. February 2017. p. 44. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  6. ^ Постановление Правительства Республики Казахстан № 744 от 5 августа 1998 года "О разрешении Министерству внутренних дел Республики Казахстан ввоза оружия с боеприпасами и принадлежностями из Чешской Республики"
  7. ^
  8. ^ Jones, Richard D.; Ness, Leland S., eds. (27 January 2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010 (35th ed.). Coulsdon: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  9. ^

External links[edit]