|Vz 82, CZ 83|
Vz 82 Czechoslovak Military pistol in 9×18mm Makarov caliber. (note: Serial number digitally concealed)
|Place of origin||Czechoslovakia|
|In service||1983-1993 (Czechoslovakia, since 1993 Czech Republic, Slovak Republic)|
|Variants||CZ-83 (civilian version)|
800 g (28 oz) empty (9×18 mm Makarov/.380 ACP)|
920 g (32 oz) loaded (9×18 mm Makarov/.380 ACP)
750 g (26 oz) empty (.32 ACP)
|Length||172 mm (6.8 in)|
|Barrel length||97 mm (3.8 in)|
|Width||36 mm (1.4 in)|
|Height||127 mm (5.0 in)|
|Cartridge||9×18mm Makarov (82 & 83), .380 ACP (83 only), .32 ACP (83 only)|
|Action||Blowback, double action|
|Muzzle velocity||305 m/s (1,001 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||50 m (55 yards)|
12-rd, staggered-column, detachable box magazine (9×18mm Makarov/.380 ACP)|
15-rd, staggered-column, detachable box magazine (.32 ACP)
|Sights||fixed front blade; rear drift-adjustable for windage|
The Česká zbrojovka Vz. 82 is a compact semi-automatic pistol made for the Czechoslovakian military. "Vz" is an abbreviation for "vzor", which translates to "model." A civilian export version is called the CZ 83.
Manufactured by the Czechoslovak firm Česká zbrojovka the vz. 82 replaced the 7.62×25mm Tokarev vz. 52 pistol in Czechoslovak military service in 1983. It is a compact, single/double-action, semi-automatic pistol with a conventional blowback action. This type of action allows the barrel to remain solidly fixed to the frame, resulting in improved accuracy over pistols with pivoting barrels (like the U.S. M1911 series). The low bore axis of the vz. 82 provides for less muzzle rise and quicker follow-up shots. For added convenience, both the frame-mounted thumb safety and the magazine release are ambidextrous. The vz. 82 was the first service pistol to feature both these features. The bore is chrome plated, which gives it three advantages: longer barrel life, resistance to rust from the use of corrosive ammunition, and ease of cleaning. Another feature of this pistol is the use of polygonal rifling in the barrel bore. This replaces the traditional lands and grooves rifling design with a rounded, smooth polygonal pattern which has a more "hills and valleys" appearance.
Curio and relic
The vz. 82 was added to the US government's "Curio and Relic" list with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (BATFE) in February 2007, after an individual wrote a letter to the ATF attaching a letter from a federal museum curator who stated that the vz. 82 had "museum interest" as a curio and relic.
The Vz. 82 was made in 9×18mm only while the CZ 83 is available in a variety of finishes and chamberings:
- .32 ACP (aka 7.65mm Browning) - 15-round magazine capacity.
- .380 ACP (aka 9mm Browning Short) - 12-round magazine (13-round if a 9×18mm Makarov magazine is used). The standard Vz. 82 magazine fits the CZ-83 in .380 ACP without alteration.
- 9mm Makarov - 12-round magazine. Produced 1999 - 2001.
- Czech Republic (Phasing out. Being replaced by CZ 75. Now usually used by reservists)
- Indonesia: Forest Rangers
- Israel: Law enforcement
- Kazakhstan: 20 CZ-83 pistols were bought in 1998 for Ministry of Internal Affairs
- North Korea
- Vietnam: The 9×18mm Makarov model of CZ 83 was imported in the 1980s, and now still in use with People's Army of Vietnam and Vietnam People's Public Security
- Постановление Правительства Республики Казахстан № 744 от 5 августа 1998 года "О разрешении Министерству внутренних дел Республики Казахстан ввоза оружия с боеприпасами и принадлежностями из Чешской Республики"
- Jones, Richard D.; Ness, Leland S., eds. (January 27, 2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010 (35th ed.). Coulsdon: Jane's Information Group. ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
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