Vietnam People's Public Security

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Vietnam People's Public Security
Công an Nhân dân Việt Nam
Emblem of Vietnam People's Public Security
Emblem of Vietnam People's Public Security
Common namepolice (cảnh sát), public security (công an)
AbbreviationVPPS (CAND)
MottoProtecting the Motherland's Security
Bảo vệ an ninh tổ quốc
Agency overview
Formed19 August, 1945
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionVietnam
Operational structure
Elected officer responsible
  • General Tô Lâm, Minister of Public Security
Parent agencyMinistry of Public Security
Child agencies
  • Vietnam People's Security Force
  • Vietnam People's Police Force
Notables
Significant operation
Anniversary
  • 19 August
Website
www.mps.gov.vn (Vietnamese)
March : We are the policemen (authored by Professor, People's Artist Trọng Bằng)
colors :   Yellow
  Red
  Green

The People's Public Security of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Công an Nhân dân Việt Nam) is the main police and security force of Vietnam, under control of the Ministry of Public Security. It is a part of the Vietnam People's Armed Forces and under the de facto control of Communist Party of Vietnam. This force was created on 19 August 1945. It is composed of 2 service branches, the Vietnam People's Security Force and the Vietnam People's Police Force.

Functions and branches[edit]

The People's Public Security of Vietnam has two branches:

  • Vietnam People's Security
    • Prevent, investigate, and defeat potential actions against enemies of the Vietnamese nation and that can endanger national security.
    • Espionage.
    • Joining forces in internal political security, economical security, ideology-cultural security, network security and information security with other uniformed bodies as established by law.
    • Manage entrance or exit visas, border security crossing and checkpoints, and immigration stations in airposts, as well as in securing foreigners and Vietnamese expats in their visits to the country.
    • Defending the secretcy of the Government of the Republic against external and internal threats
    • Helping to build personal security in every aspect of life, at every area in the country.
    • Performing other duties, missions and responsibilities in keeping with the law.
  • Vietnam People's Police (including Civil Defence forces)
    • Working to prevent, investigate and solve environmental, political, traffic, functional and corruption-related criminal activities in keeping with the laws of the Socialist Republic
    • Working with the general public on crime prevention and in participation in its actions
    • Perform responsibilities and duties pertaining to:
      • Identification security
      • Public security
      • Transport security
      • Road and highway safety
      • Firefighting
      • Civil defence
      • Disaster preparedness and response
    • Execute other duties and missions in accordance with the Constitution and the laws of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

These two forces are trained mainly at two institutions, the People's Police Academy of Vietnam and the People's Security Institute of Vietnam.

Tasks and powers of the People's Public Security Forces[edit]

  • To collect information, analyze, evaluate and predict situation and propose the Party and the State to promulgate and direct the implementation of guidelines, policies, laws and strategies on protection of national security and maintenance of social order and safety. To propose the combination of requirements of the strategies on protection of national security and maintenance of social order and safety with those strategies and policies on socio-economic construction and development, national defense and the State's external relations.
  • To protect the freedom rights, democracy, life and property of the people; to protect high-ranking leading officials of the Party and the State and foreign guests; to safeguard important events, targets and key projects of national security, foreign representative offices, representatives of Vietnam-based international organizations, individuals holding or closely related to state secrets.
  • To receive and process reports and denouncements on crimes, initiate criminal lawsuits and investigate crimes, and perform other judicial tasks according to the provisions of law.
  • To sanction administrative violations and apply other administrative handling measures as provided for by law.
  • To guide, inspect and examine agencies, organizations and citizens in performing the task of protecting national security and maintaining social order and safety; to conduct the law propagation, dissemination and education and build up "the whole population protects the Fatherland's security" movement.
  • To apply masses mobilization, legal, diplomatic, economic, scientific-technical, professional and armed measures to protect national security and maintain social order and safety.
  • To use weapons, supporting tools and necessary technical and professional means in attacking crimes and making self-defense according to the provisions of law.
  • In case of necessity, to issue decisions on or propose the suspension or termination of operations of agencies, organizations or individuals which are detrimental to national security, social order and safety; to requisition means of transport, communication equipments and other technical means of agencies, organizations, individuals and operators or users of such means according to the provisions of law.
  • To request agencies, organizations or individuals to coordinate in activities and supply information related to national security, social order and safety.
  • To closely coordinate with the People's Army, Self-Defense and Militia Forces and state agencies in protecting national security, maintaining social order and safety, and defending the national independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity.
  • To research and apply modern scientific and technological achievements in protecting national security and maintaining social order and safety.
  • To build up the forces of political, ideological, organizational and professional cleanliness and strength.
  • To enter into international cooperation on protection of national security and social order and safety.[1]

The organisational system of the People's Public Security Forces[edit]

  • The organisational system of the People's Public Security Forces is composed of:
    • Ministry of Public Security;
    • Public Security Departments of municipalities and provinces
    • Public Security Offices of rural districts, urban districts, towns and provincial cities;
    • Public Security Posts of communes, wards and townships.
A Ho Chi Minh City Police Traffic Patrol Vehicle

Department of Public Security of municipalities[edit]

  • Hanoi Public Security Department
  • Ho Chi Minh City Public Security Department
  • Hai Phong Public Security Department
  • Da Nang Public Security Department
  • Can Tho Public Security Department

Ranks of the People's Public Security of Vietnam[edit]

Student Policewomen at Ho Chi Minh Museum, Hanoi, Vietnam. June 2009

Officers[edit]

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Highest rank Middle rank Lower rank
Vietnam People's Public Security insignia.jpg Vietnam No equivalent Cấp hiệu Đại tướng Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thượng tướng Công an.png Cấp hiệu Trung tướng Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thiếu tướng Công an.png Cấp hiệu Đại tá Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thượng tá Công an.png Cấp hiệu Trung tá Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thiếu tá Công an.png Cấp hiệu Đại úy Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thượng úy Công an.png Cấp hiệu Trung úy Công an.png Cấp hiệu Thiếu úy Công an.png Cấp hiệu Học viên Đại học, Cao đẳng Công an.png Cấp hiệu Học viên Trung cấp, Sơ cấp Công an.png
Police general[note 1]
(Đại tướng Công an)
Police colonel general[note 2]
(Thượng tướng Công an)
Police lieutenant general[note 3]
(Trung tướng Công an)
Police major general[note 4]
(Thiếu tướng Công an)
Police senior colonel[note 5]
(Đại tá Công an)
Police colonel[note 6]
(Thượng tá Công an)
Police lieutenant colonel[note 7]
(Trung tá Công an)
Police major[note 8]
(Thiếu tá Công an)
Police captain
(Đại úy Công an)
Police senior lieutenant
(Thượng úy Công an)
Police lieutenant
(Trung úy Công an)
Police junior lieutenant
(Thiếu úy Công an)
Police officer students
(Học viên Đại học, Cao đẳng Công an)
Police NCO students
(Học viên Trung cấp, Sơ cấp Công an)

NCOs and enlisted[edit]

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Non-commissioned officers Policemen
Vietnam People's Public Security insignia.jpg Vietnam No equivalent Cấp hiệu Thượng sĩ Công an.png No equivalent Cấp hiệu Trung sĩ Công an.png No equivalent Cấp hiệu Hạ sĩ Công an.png No equivalent Cấp hiệu Chiến sĩ bậc 1 Công an.png Cấp hiệu Chiến sĩ bậc 2 Công an.png
Sergeant major
(Thượng sĩ Công an)
Sergeant
(Trung sĩ Công an)
Corporal
(Hạ sĩ Công an)
Constable 1st class
(Chiến sĩ bậc 1 Công an)
Constable 2nd class
(Chiến sĩ bậc 2 Công an)

Equipment[edit]

Model Image Type Caliber Origin Notes
Pistols
PM 9-мм пистолет Макарова с патронами.jpg Semi-automatic pistol 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union
 Vietnam
CZ 75 CZ 75 SP-01.jpg Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Czech Republic Used by the Mobile Police Force.
CZ-82 CZ 82 IMG 1785.JPG Semi-automatic pistol 9×18mm Makarov  Czech Republic
Glock 19 Glock 19.JPG Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Austria Used by the Mobile Police Force.
TT-33 TT-33 2.JPG Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev  Soviet Union
 Vietnam
Limited use
M1911A1 M1911A1.png Semi-automatic pistol .45 ACP  United States Limited use
Browning Hi-Power Browninghighpower21.jpg Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Belgium Limited use
CornerShot Cornershot eurosatory2006.jpg Weapon accessory  Israel Used by the Mobile Police Force.
Assault rifles
STL-1A Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Vietnam Limited use
AK-47 AK-47 assault rifle.jpg Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union
 Vietnam
Used by the Mobile Police Force.
AKM AKM automatkarbin - 7,62x39mm.jpg Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union
 Vietnam
Used by the Mobile Police Force.
SKS Simonow SKS 45 noBG.jpg Carbine 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union Limited use
Submachine guns
MP5 MP5A3.jpg Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum  Germany Used by the Mobile Police Force.
Shotguns
Mossberg 500 PEO Mossberg 590A1 Shotgun 12 Gauge  United States Used by the Mobile Police Force.
Remington Model 870 Remington 870 Wmaster Shotgun 12 Gauge  United States Used by the Mobile Police Force.
Sniper rifles
Dragunov SVD SVD Dragunov.jpg Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union Used by the Mobile Police Force.
PSR-90 MSG 90 rifle museum 2014.jpg Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  Pakistan Used by the Mobile Police Force.
CZ-750 S1M2 Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  Czech Republic Used by the Mobile Police Force.
Brügger & Thomet APR Brügger & Thomet APR338.jpg Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm   Switzerland Used by the Mobile Police Force.
Machine gun
PKM 7,62 KK PKM Helsinki 2012.JPG General-purpose machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union
 Vietnam
Mounted on Shinjeong S5 and Hummer H2.
RPD LMG-RPD-44.jpg Light machine gun 7.62×39mm  Soviet Union
 Vietnam
Mounted on RAM–2000 and Shinjeong S5.
NSV NSV machine gun-01.jpg Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union
 Vietnam
Mounted on Shinjeong S5.
DShK NVA DShK.jpg Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union
 Vietnam
Mounted on RAM–2000 and Shinjeong S5.
Portable anti-materiel weapons
RPG-7 RPG-7V1 grenade launcher - RaceofHeroes-part2-22.jpg Rocket-propelled grenade 40mm HEAT  Soviet Union
 Vietnam
Limited use

Vehicles[edit]

Vehicle Image Type Origin Quantity Notes
Honda CB223S  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Honda CB250 Night Hawk  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Honda CBX750  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Honda NC750X  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Honda NT700V  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Honda CBR250R  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Honda AirBlade 125  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Benelli 200  Italy Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Yamaha FJR1300P  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
BMW 530i  Germany Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Toyota Camry Hybrid  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Jupiter RC  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Kawasaki Ninja 250R  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
BMW R series  Germany Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Suzuki SUV  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
Nissan Primera  Japan Used by the Traffic Police Force.
RAM–2000 RAM2000vehicle.jpg Armoured car  Israel 150 Used by the Mobile Police Force.
IAG Guardian Armoured personnel carrier  United Arab Emirates 20 Used by the Mobile Police Force.
Shinjeong S5 Armoured personnel carrier  South Korea Shinjeong Development versions

Used by the Mobile Police Force.

BTR-60 Armoured personnel carrier  Soviet Union Used by the Mobile Police Force.

Limited use

Mercedes-Benz Sprint  Germany Used by the Mobile Police Force.
Lexus LX570  Japan Used by the Mobile Police Force.
Hummer H2-Lux  United States Used by the Mobile Police Force.
F-550 Super Duty  United States Used by the Mobile Police Force.
BRDM-2 BRDM-2 on a military parade.JPEG Armoured scout car  Soviet Union 150 Scout vehicles.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ only held by Minister of Public Security.
  2. ^ usually held by Deputy Ministers of Public Security.
  3. ^ usually held by Director Generals of General Department, Director General of Hanoi Police Department, Director General of Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) Police Department.
  4. ^ usually by Vice Director Generals of General Department and Directors of Department and Chiefs of Provincial Police.
  5. ^ usually held by Vice Directors of Department and Chiefs of Provincial Police.
  6. ^ usually held by Chiefs of District Police and Chiefs of Division.
  7. ^ usually held by Chiefs of Ward Police and Chiefs of Police Team.
  8. ^ usually held by Vice Chiefs of Police Team.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Law on people's public security forces, Chapter 1". Vietnam Ministry of Justice. 29 November 2005. Retrieved 25 February 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

External links[edit]

Media related to Police of Vietnam at Wikimedia Commons