Calvin Wilson Mateer

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Calvin Wilson Mateer
Calvin Wilson Mateer
Born (1836-01-09)January 9, 1836
Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, United States
Died September 28, 1908(1908-09-28) (aged 72)
Qingdao, China
Occupation missionaries,
Years active 45 Years
Known for Educational Mission in China
Spouse(s) Julia Brown.

Calvin Wilson Mateer (Chinese: ; pinyin: Kǎowén, 9 January 1836 – 28 September 1908, the family name is sometimes misspelled as "Matteer") was a missionary to China with the American Presbyterian Mission. Calvin Mateer was of Scottish-Irish descent and a native of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.[1] He graduated from Western Theological Seminary, Pittsburgh. After serving with the Presbyterian church of Delaware, Ohio for two years,[2] he arrived in Dengzhou (today part of Penglai City, Shandong) with his wife Julia Brown Mateer[3] in early January 1864 and continued to work as a missionary in China for 45 years.

He was the chairman of the committee for Bible translation and presided over the translation of the widely circulated Chinese translation of the Holy Bible, The Chinese Union Version.[4]

In 1882, Mateer founded Tengchow College as the first modern institution of higher education in China. Tengchow College became a predecessor of Cheeloo University, and finally of Shandong University.

He died in 1908 in Qingdao, China.

Frederick W. Baller, Chauncey Goodrich, Calvin Wilson Mateer, and Spencer Lewis, each with their Chinese language assistants to their left.



  1. ^ Daniel W. Fisher: Calvin Wilson Mateer, Forty-Five Years a Missionary in Shantung, China, A Biography, The Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1911
  2. ^ Ashahel Clark Crist, History of Marion Presbytery, Press of the Delaware Gazette, 1908
  3. ^ Robert McCheyne Mateer: Character-building in China: the life-story of Julia Brown Mateer, Fleming H. Revell Company, 1912
  4. ^ Biblical Translation in Chinese and Greek: Verbal Aspect in Theory Page 81 T. S. Foley, Toshikazu S. Foley - 2009 "Mateer was the first American to publish a Mandarin primer. Similar to the three aforementioned missionaries, Mateer (ABCFM) had the distinguished role of chairing the translation committee of the Mandarin Union Version.89"