William Jones Boone (father)

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William Jones Boone
Anglican Bishop of Shanghai
The Rt. Rev. William Jones Boone (father).jpg
ChurchEpiscopal Church
In office1844-1864
SuccessorChanning M. Williams
Ordination3 March 1837
Personal details
Born1 July 1811
Walterboro, South Carolina
Died17 July 1864 (1864-07-18) (aged 53)

William Jones Boone (1 July 1811 – 17 July 1864) was the first Anglican missionary bishop of Shanghai and the first bishop of China outside the Roman tradition.[1]


Boone was born in Walterboro, South Carolina, graduated from the College of South Carolina in 1829 and was admitted to the bar in 1833. He then attended Virginia Theological Seminary and was ordained deacon on 18 September 1836 and priest on 3 March 1837.

Missionary work in China[edit]

Under the auspices of the Protestant Episcopal Church Mission (PECM, also called the American Church Mission), Boone was appointed a missionary to China on 17 January 1837. Accompanied by his wife Amelia he commenced his journey to China from Boston on 8 July 1837 reaching Batavia on 22 October the same year. In Batavia he studied alongside the priests Henry Lockwood and Francis Hanson to gain a degree of fluency in the Chinese language.

Prior to the conclusion of the First Opium War Boone relocated to Macau in 1840.[1] In February 1842 conditions in China were considered secure enough for Boone to relocate his missionary work to Kulangsu, a small island half a mile from the recently opened treaty port of Amoy, to set up the first base for the Episcopalians.[1]

On a return visit the United States Boone was consecrated at St. Peter's Church, Philadelphia on 26 October 1844 as the first Anglican missionary bishop of Shanghai and the first bishop of China outside the Roman tradition.[1][2] Influenced by British CMS missionary George Smith he chose to relocate the center of his mission work to Shanghai in 1845 where he served until his death in 1864.

Boone was responsible for the recruitment of numerous missionaries; notably Emma Jones, Henry M. Parker and Channing Moore Williams his eventual successor as Bishop of Shanghai. Boone with others is credited with the translation of the Book of Common Prayer into Chinese and also contributed to a Chinese translation of the Bible. He has also ordained the first Chinese priest, Huang Guangcai (Chinese: 黃光彩, 1827-96) in 1851.[1]


He married Sarah Amelia deSaussure who died at Amoy in 1842. His second wife was Phobe Caroline Elliott. Boone's son, also named William Jones Boone, also served as a bishop of Shanghai in the Episcopal Church.


William Jones Boone was the 45th bishop consecrated for the Episcopal Church.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e 1947-, Wickeri, Philip L. (Philip Lauri), (2015). Christian Encounters with Chinese Culture : Essays on Anglican and Episcopal History in China. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, HKU. ISBN 9789888313259. OCLC 911961991.
  2. ^ Gray, G. F. S. (1996). Smalley, Martha Lund, ed. Anglicans in China: A History of the Zhonghua Shenggong Hui (Chung Hua Sheng Kung Huei). Episcopal China Mission History Project.
Episcopal Church (USA) titles
New title Bishop of Shanghai
Succeeded by
Channing Moore Williams