Campos Rupestres montane savanna
|Campos Rupestres montane savanna|
|Biome||Atlantic Forest, Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands|
|Borders||Bahia interior forests, Serra do Mar coastal forests, Cerrado and Caatinga|
|Area||26.417 km2 (10.200 sq mi)|
|States||São Paulo (state), Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo and Bahia|
|Conservation status||Relatively Stable/Intact|
The Campos Rupestres montane savanna is an ecoregion of the montane subtropical savanna Biome, located in eastern Brazil. It is an ecoregion within the South American Atlantic Forest biome, and borders the Cerrado subtropical savanna ecoregion.
The Campos Rupestres montane savanna ecoregion lies between 700–2,000 metres (2,300–6,600 ft) in elevation.
It forms several discontinuous enclaves in the Serra do Espinhaço, Serra da Mantiqueira, and Serra dos Órgãos mountain ranges. They are found in the states of Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, and Rio de Janeiro.
This montane savanna ecoregion is a chief center of biodiversity in the Cactaceae family. A large percentage of the South American Cactaceae species are present within the Campo Rupestre montane savanna habitats.
The riparian zones offer habitat for birds, reptiles, and mammals that require more water than the plateau species.
Conservation and threats
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- List of plants of Atlantic Forest vegetation of Brazil — flora of its diverse ecoregions.
- Ecoregions in the Atlantic Forest biome
- List of ecoregions in Brazil
- "Campos Rupestres montane savanna". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.