Campos Rupestres montane savanna

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Campos Rupestres montane savanna
Campos rupestres - Porção Sul da Serra do Espinhaço.JPG
Campos rupestres in Serra do Espinhaço, Brazil.
Campos Rupestres WWF.png
Biome Atlantic Forest, Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Borders Bahia interior forests, Serra do Mar coastal forests, Cerrado and Caatinga
Area 26.417 km2 (10.200 sq mi)
Country  Brazil
States São Paulo (state), Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo and Bahia
Conservation status Relatively Stable/Intact
Protected 5.00%
Lychnophora ericoides in the Campos Rupestres montane savanna habitat.

The Campos Rupestres montane savanna is an ecoregion of the montane subtropical savanna Biome, located in eastern Brazil. It is an ecoregion within the South American Atlantic Forest biome, and borders the Cerrado subtropical savanna ecoregion.


The Campos Rupestres montane savanna ecoregion lies between 700–2,000 metres (2,300–6,600 ft) in elevation.

It forms several discontinuous enclaves in the Serra do Espinhaço, Serra da Mantiqueira, and Serra dos Órgãos mountain ranges. They are found in the states of Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, and Rio de Janeiro.

Natural history[edit]


This montane savanna ecoregion is a chief center of biodiversity in the Cactaceae family.[1] A large percentage of the South American Cactaceae species are present within the Campo Rupestre montane savanna habitats.


Indigenous mammals include the: tapirs, capybaras, bush dogs, and armadillos.

Indigenous reptiles include the crocodiles, lizards, tortoises and iguanas.

The riparian zones offer habitat for birds, reptiles, and mammals that require more water than the plateau species.

Conservation and threats[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]