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Candy cigarette

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Candy cigarettes
Alternative namesCandy sticks, candy stix
TypeConfectionery
Main ingredientsSugar
VariationsCandy, bubble gum, chocolate
A tin of Droste brand chocolate cigarettes

Candy cigarettes are a candy introduced in the late 19th century[1] made out of chalky sugar, bubblegum or chocolate, wrapped in paper and packaged and branded so as to resemble cigarettes. Some products contain powdered sugar hidden in the wrapper, allowing the user to blow into the cigarette and produce a cloud of sugar that imitates smoke, which comes out of the other end.

Controversy

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Candy cigarettes' place on the market has long been controversial because many critics believe the candy desensitizes children, leading them to become smokers later in life.[2] Candy cigarettes can also serve as a way to market cigarettes to children, as many candy cigarettes have branding nearly identical to cigarette brands.[3] Because of this, the selling of candy cigarettes has been banned in several countries even though they continue to be manufactured and consumed in many parts of the world. However, many manufacturers now describe their products as candy sticks, bubble gum, or simply candy.[4]

Tobacco companies and candy cigarette manufacturers have cooperated to make candy cigarettes. Tobacco companies have allowed candy cigarette companies to use their branding;[3] Brown & Williamson has gone as far as to send copies of its labels to candy cigarette companies.[5] After the 1964 Surgeon General's report on smoking and health criticized candy cigarettes for "trying to lure youngsters into the smoking habit", tobacco companies began to distance themselves from candy cigarettes, although trademark infringement lawsuits against candy cigarette manufacturers have been rare.[3]

A 1990 study found that sixth graders who ate candy cigarettes were twice as likely to smoke cigarettes as those who did not eat candy cigarettes.[6] A 2007 study surveyed 25,887 adults and found that "[c]andy cigarette consumption was reported by 88% of both current and former smokers and 78% of never smokers", a statistically significant difference that the authors suggested indicates a connection between candy cigarette consumption as a child and smoking as an adult.[7][8]

In the United States, it was reported erroneously in 2010 that the Family Smoking and Prevention Control Act[9] bans candy cigarettes.[10] However, the law bans any form of added flavoring in tobacco cigarettes other than menthol.[11] It does not regulate the candy industry. Popeye Cigarettes marketed using the Popeye character were sold for a while and had red tips (to look like a lit cigarette) before being renamed candy sticks and being manufactured without the red tip. Most candy cigarettes continue to be manufactured in the United States, with the largest maker of candy cigarettes, World Confections Inc, being based in New Jersey.[5]

Sales laws

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Country Law Notes
Armenia Banned [12]
Australia Banned [3]
Austria Legal [13]
Bahrain Banned [3]
Brazil Banned [14]
Canada Partial Federal law prohibits candy cigarette branding that resembles real cigarette branding and vice versa.[3][15]
Chile Banned [citation needed]
Denmark Legal [12]
Finland Banned [12]
Georgia Banned [12]
Germany Legal [16]
Iceland Banned [12]
Ireland Banned [12]
Israel Banned [12]
Japan Legal [17]
Kuwait Banned [3]
Latvia Banned Banned on 31 July 2005.[12][18]
Lithuania Banned [19]
Moldova Banned [12]
Netherlands Banned [citation needed]
New Zealand Banned [3]
Norway Banned [3]
Oman Banned [3]
Philippines Partial Strictly enforced, discouraged use[citation needed]
Poland Legal [citation needed]
Portugal Banned [citation needed]
Romania Banned [12]
Qatar Banned [3]
Saudi Arabia Banned [citation needed]
Slovenia Banned [12]
South Africa Banned Banned in terms of section 4(3) of the Tobacco Products Control Act, 1993[20]
South Korea Banned [citation needed]
Spain Banned [21]
Sweden Banned [citation needed]
Switzerland Legal [22]
Thailand Banned [23]
Turkey Banned [12]
United Arab Emirates Banned [3]
United Kingdom Partial Product still available labelled as 'candy sticks' to remove association with smoking[citation needed]
United States Partial Candy cannot be labelled as cigarettes[24]
Territory Law Notes
New South Wales Banned Banned since 1999[25]
North Dakota ? Enacted a ban on candy cigarettes from 1953 until 1967[2]
Nunavut Banned Banned all products that resemble cigarettes[26]
Tennessee Banned [23]
Locality Law
St. Paul, Minnesota Banned Banned since April 2009[23]

See also

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References

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  1. ^ "Roundabouts". The American Stationer. 22 November 1888. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b Lloyd, Robin (June 18, 2007). "Study Links Candy Cigarettes to Smoking". LiveScience. Retrieved August 31, 2008.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Klein, Jonathan D; Clair, Steve St (2000-08-05). "Do candy cigarettes encourage young people to smoke?". BMJ: British Medical Journal. 321 (7257): 362–365. doi:10.1136/bmj.321.7257.362. ISSN 0959-8138. PMC 1118335. PMID 10926600.
  4. ^ "World Candies". Cardhouse.com. Retrieved 9 December 2008.
  5. ^ a b Raymond, Adam K. (29 September 2016). "How the Hell Are Candy Cigarettes Still a Thing?". Thrillist. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  6. ^ Klein, J. D.; Forehand, B.; Oliveri, J.; Patterson, C. J.; Kupersmidt, J. B.; Strecher, V. (January 1992). "Candy cigarettes: do they encourage children's smoking?". Pediatrics. 89 (1): 27–31. doi:10.1542/peds.89.1.27. ISSN 0031-4005. PMID 1728016. S2CID 30817479.
  7. ^ Klein, Jonathan D.; Thomas, Randall K.; Sutter, Erika J. (July 2007). "History of childhood candy cigarette use is associated with tobacco smoking by adults". Preventive Medicine. 45 (1). Elsevier: 26–30. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2007.04.006. PMID 17532370.
  8. ^ Mestel, Rosie (September 15, 2012). "Candy cigarettes and 'Toddlers & Tiaras'". California Life & Style. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  9. ^ Quinn, Kathleen (22 September 2009). "Candy and Fruit Flavored Cigarettes Now Illegal in United States; Step is First Under New Tobacco Law". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Archived from the original on 2017-02-16. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  10. ^ RTT Staff Writer (24 June 2010). "Candy Cigarettes Officially Banned By FDA". RTTNews. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  11. ^ FDA. "Tobacco Products" FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Archived August 23, 2011, at the Library of Congress Web Archives
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "EXPLAINED: Why is there pressure on Denmark to ban cigarette candy". The Local dk. 2022-07-11. Retrieved 2024-07-17.
  13. ^ "Süße Zigaretten für die Kleinen immer noch am Markt". DER STANDARD (in Austrian German). Retrieved 2023-11-16.
  14. ^ Patterson, Freda; Farquhar, William B. (2019-07-01). "Cigarettes at ¢35 a pack, in 2019…". J Epidemiol Community Health. 73 (7): 589. doi:10.1136/jech-2019-212333. ISSN 1470-2738. PMC 6853065. PMID 30898853.
  15. ^ "Tobacco and Vaping Products Act". Consolidated federal laws of Canada. 24 April 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  16. ^ Strittmatter, Kai (2022-07-19). "WHO fordert Dänemark zu Verbot von Schoko- und Kaugummizigaretten auf". Süddeutsche.de (in German). Retrieved 2023-11-15.
  17. ^ "Candy cigarettes charm children for 70 years". japannews.yomiuri.co.jp. 2021-07-09. Retrieved 2023-11-16.
  18. ^ "Stājas spēkā tabakas reklāmas aizliegums presē un drukātajos izdevumos". Tvnet.lv (in Latvian). 2005-07-31. Retrieved 2024-07-17.
  19. ^ "Lietuvā aizliedz ražot un tirgot bērnu šampanieti" [Lithuania bans sale and production of kids' champagne]. LA.LV (in Latvian). Retrieved 2024-07-17.
  20. ^ Tobacco Products Control Act 83 (Act 83 of 1993). GG. Vol. 14916. South Africa (published 2 July 1993). 23 June 1993; amended Tobacco Products Control Amendment Act 63 of 2008 (Act 63). GG. Vol. 31790 (published 9 January 2009). 5 January 2009; summarized in "Tough New Tobacco Products Control Legislation Comes into Effect". Sabinet. 28 August 2009. Archived from the original on 2019-07-11.
  21. ^ "¿Recordáis los cigarrillos de chocolate?". Madre reciente. 23 October 2011.
  22. ^ "Einstiegsdroge «Kaugummizigarette» droht Verbot". Der Bund (in German). 2022-07-20. Retrieved 2023-11-16.
  23. ^ a b c Walsh, Paul (December 27, 2012). "St. Paul shop caught with smoking gum". Star Tribune. p. B1,B4. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  24. ^ "Remember This | Candy Cigarettes". Northeast News. 21 October 2020.
  25. ^ Burke, Kelly (August 16, 2008). "Banned, but choc cigarettes creep back". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
  26. ^ Nunavut Tobacco Control Act 2003 Archived 2016-01-13 at the Wayback Machine, Section 4
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