Canon EF 300mm lens

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The EF 300mm lens refers to a family of telephoto prime lenses made by Canon, five of which have been sold to the general public and one of which was only made on special order. The lenses have an EF type mount which fits the Canon EOS line of cameras.

When used on a digital EOS body with a field of view compensation factor of 1.3x, such as the Canon EOS-1D Mark IV, it provides a narrow field of view, equivalent to a 390 mm lens mounted on a 35mm frame body. With a 1.6x body such as the Canon EOS 650D, it provides a narrower field of view, equivalent to a 480 mm lens mounted on a 35mm frame body.

This lens is most commonly used by sports and wildlife photographers, but is short enough to be use for extreme close-up portraits. Because of its rather high native magnification, it can be used for some macro type photography.[1]

Technical information[edit]

The EF 300mm is a L series lens. This lens is constructed with a metal body and mount, and with plastic extremities and switches. Features of this lens are: a wide rubber focus ring that is damped, a distance window, the ability to limit the focus range, and an image stabilizer (on the IS versions). The maximum aperture of f/2.8 or f/4 gives this lens the ability to create shallow depth of field effects, while the eight- or nine-blade diaphragm produces smooth background blur. The optical construction of this lens contains 15 lens elements, including two UD (Ultra low dispersion) lens elements for the f4 IS USM (for other configurations see chart). This lens uses an inner focusing system, powered by a ring type USM motor. The front of the lens does not rotate nor extend when focusing. This lens is compatible with the Canon Extender EF teleconverters.[2][3][4]


Attribute f/2.8L USM f/2.8L IS USM f/2.8L IS II USM[5][6] f/4L USM f/4L IS USM
Image Canon-300mm-f28 MG 2036.jpg Canon 300mm f28 img 1848.jpg Canon EF 300 f2.8.jpg Canon EF 300 F4 L.JPG Canon EF 300mm f4L IS USM 3945.jpg
Key features
Full-frame compatible Yes Yes
Image stabilizer No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
Ring USM Yes Yes
L-series Yes Yes
Diffractive Optics No No
Macro No No
Technical data
Aperture (max-min) f/2.8-f/32 f/4-f/32
Construction 8 groups / 10 elements 13 groups / 17 elements 12 groups / 16 elements 7 groups / 8 elements 11 groups / 15 elements
# of diaphragm blades 8 9 8
Closest focusing distance 3 m 2.5 m 2 m 2.5 m 1.5 m
Max. magnification 0.11x 0.13x 0.18x 0.13x 0.24x
Horizontal viewing angle 6° 50'
Vertical viewing angle 4° 35'
Diagonal viewing angle 8° 15'
Physical data
Weight 2.855 kg 2.550 kg 2.400 kg 1.165 kg 1.190 kg
Maximum diameter 128 mm 90 mm
Length 252 mm 248 mm 221 mm
Filter diameter 48 mm drop-in 52 mm drop-in 77 mm
Retail information
Release date November 1987 July 1999 August 2011 December 1991 March 1997
Currently in production? No No Yes Yes No No Yes Yes
MSRP $ $3,499 $4,879 $6,099 $1,199 $1,349

The 300mm f/1.8[edit]

In addition to the above lenses, Canon made an even faster lens, the EF PE 300mm f/1.8, specifically for photo finishes in horse races. According to one racing photographer, Canon made only four of these lenses, making it even more uncommon than the famously rare EF 1200mm lens. Not only is this lens exceptionally rare, very little information about it is available online;[7] the company's online Canon Camera Museum does not list this lens.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Canon Camera Museum
  3. ^ Canon USA
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ Zhang, Michael (April 27, 2017). "This is the Canon 300mm f/1.8 — Yes, Such a Monster Lens Exists". PetaPixel. Retrieved April 29, 2017.

External links[edit]