Capparis mitchellii

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Capparis mitchellii
Capparris mitchellii flowers.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Capparaceae
Genus: Capparis
Species: C. mitchellii
Binomial name
Capparis mitchellii
Lindl.
Synonyms[1]
  • Busbeckea mitchellii F.Muell.
Capparis mitchellii

The wild orange is an Australian native plant throughout Australia.[2] Its scientific name is Capparis mitchellii. It was named by botanist John Lindley.[3] It is also known as the native orange.[4] Its name in the Arrernte language of Central Australia is merne atwakeye. It is not related to oranges and neither to the Osage-orange which is known as "wild orange" in North America, but to capers.

Capparis mitchellii can grow up to six metres in height with leaves between two and six centimetres in length.[4] The plant's flowers are large and coloured white or cream. It prefers sandy to clay loams but will grow on rocky hillsides.[4]

Fruit[edit]

Wild oranges are a tasty bush tucker food. Indigenous Australians made frequent use of it long before European arrival. It is green when unripe. When it ripens, it becomes soft and has a fragrant smell. The inside is yellow or orange. It is still commonly eaten in the desert today.

The fruit often suffers from caper white butterfly larvae infestation.[4] It is one of the preferred foods of the spotted bowerbird.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  2. ^ http://bie.ala.org.au/species/urn:lsid:biodiversity.org.au:apni.taxon:295396
  3. ^ Clarke, Philip A. (2008). Aboriginal Plant Collectors: Botanists and Australian Aboriginal People in the Nineteenth Century. Rosenberg Publishing. p. 44. ISBN 1877058688. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d Leigh, JH (2011). Plants of Western New South Wales. Csiro Publishing. p. 338. ISBN 0643103635. Retrieved 8 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Rowland, Peter (2008). Bowerbirds. Csiro Publishing. p. 81. ISBN 0643094202. Retrieved 8 July 2013.