Captain Cook, Hawaii
Captain Cook, Hawaii
|• Total||12.86 sq mi (33.30 km2)|
|• Land||12.86 sq mi (33.30 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||1,250 ft (381 m)|
|• Density||253.03/sq mi (97.70/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-10 (Hawaii-Aleutian)|
|GNIS feature ID||0358717|
Captain Cook is a census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaiʻi County, Hawaiʻi, in the United States, located in the District of South Kona. The community, within the land division of Kealakekua, is so named because the post office for the area was located in the Captain Cook Coffee Co. during the early 1900s. As of the 2010 census the CDP population was 3,429, up from 3,206 at the 2000 census. As of March 2022, a resolution was under consideration to rename the town to "Kawa'aloa", meaning "long landing place".
Captain Cook is located on the west side of the island of Hawaii at (19.498211, -155.904275). It is bordered to the north by Kealakekua and to the south by Honaunau-Napoopoo. Hawaii Route 11, part of the Hawaii Belt Road, passes through the community, leading north 12 miles (19 km) to Kailua-Kona and south 47 miles (76 km) to Naalehu. Hawaii Route 160 diverges from Route 11 in Captain Cook, leading south by a winding road 4 miles (6 km) to Napoopoo on Kealakekua Bay.
Most of Captain Cook lies between the 800-foot (240 m) and 2,000-foot (610 m) elevation, which makes it ideal as a coffee-growing region. It sits on the top of an ancient fault which created the famous Kealakekua Bay. Prior to the 1960s, most of Captain Cook was part of the vast Kealakekua Ranch, founded in the 1850s by English immigrant Henry Nicholas Greenwell.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,429 people in 1,258 households residing in the CDP. The population density was 281.1 people per square mile (108.9/km2). There were 1,386 housing units at an average density of 113.6 per square mile (44.0/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 31.44% White, 0.67% African American, 0.38% American Indian & Alaska Native, 27.65% Asian, 10.67% Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander, 2.16% from other races, and 27.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.51% of the population.
There were 1,258 households, out of which 22.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them. The average household size was 2.73.
In the Captain Cook CDP the population was spread out, with 20.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 11.6% from 25 to 34, 15.4% from 35 to 49, 28.3% from 50 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 101.1 males. For every 100 males there were 98.9 females.
For the period 2011–2015, the median estimated annual income for a household in the CDP was $66,276, and the median income for a family was $73,661. Male full-time workers had a median income of $35,833 versus $42,344 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $38,885. About 10.2% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
Lava zones, redlining, and insurance issues
Captain Cook shares much in common with the District of Puna. Both districts are situated on active volcanoes and contain large sections of land that are in Lava Flow Hazard Zone 2. Additionally, new lava hazard zones 11, 12, and 13 are being established to account for current flow activity to reduce redlining.
Points of interest
- Amy B. H. Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden
- Koa Coffee Plantation
- Kona Coffee Living History Farm
- Rodney J. T. Yano Memorial Hall
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Captain Cook CDP, Hawaii". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 22, 2017.[dead link]
- "Canceling Captain Cook? Resolution seeks to rename South Kona town". Hawaii NewsNow. March 18, 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-04.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Bobby Command (July 4, 2007). "Federal money proposed for ranch: $4 million would ensure easement". West Hawaii Today. Retrieved July 17, 2010.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Captain Cook CDP, Hawaii". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Captain Cook CDP, Hawaii". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
- "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Captain Cook CDP, HI" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
2000 Map: "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: CAPTAIN COOK CDP" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
- "Home". Konawaena Elementary School. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
81-901 Onouli Road Kealakekua, HI 96750
- "Home". Konawaena High School. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
81-1043 Konawaena School Rd Kealakekua Hawaii 96750
- "Home". Konawaena Middle School. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
81-1045 Konawaena School Road, Kealakekua, HI 96750
- "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP (INDEX): Kealakekua CDP, HI" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-11. - The portion with the campus is on page 9
2000 Map: "CENSUS 2000 BLOCK MAP: KEALAKEKUA CDP" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
- "KONAWAENA MIDDLE SCHOOL CAMPUS MAP" (PDF). Konawaena Middle School. Retrieved 2020-10-11. - Shows that the middle and high school share the same plot.