|Flower, fruit and leaf|
Carmona retusa, also known as the Fukien tea tree or Philippine tea tree, is a species of flowering plant in the borage family, Boraginaceae. Its specific epithet comes from the Latin retusus (blunt), with reference to the leaf apex.
Carmona retusa is a shrub growing to 4 m height, with long, straggling, slender branches. It is deciduous during the dry season. Its leaves are usually 10–50 mm long and 5–30 mm wide, and may vary in size, texture, colour and margin. It has small white flowers 8–10 mm in diameter with a 4–5 lobed corolla, and drupes 4–6 mm in diameter, ripening brownish orange.
Distribution and habitat
The plant occurs widely in eastern and south-eastern Asia from India, Indochina, southern China, Taiwan and Japan, through Malesia, including the Australian territory of Christmas Island, reaching New Guinea, mainland Australia at the Cape York Peninsula, and the Solomon Islands. It has become an invasive weed in Hawaii where it is a popular ornamental plant and where the seeds are thought to be spread by frugivorous birds.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carmona retusa.|
- Masamune (1940).
- Flora of Australia Online.
- Starr et al. (2003).
- Advice to the Minister for the Environment from the TSSC.
- Masamune, G. (1940). Transactions of the Natural History Society of Taiwan. 30: 61. Missing or empty
- Starr, Forest; Starr, Kim; & Loope, Lloyd (January 2003). "Carmona retusa" (PDF). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "Carmona (Carmona retusa)". Advice to the Minister for the Environment and Heritage from the Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC). Dept of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Australia. 2005-09-15. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
- "Carmona retusa (Vahl) Masam.". Flora of Australia Online. Australian Biological Resources Study. 1993. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
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