Carnegie Mellon School of Design
Margaret Morrison, the principal facility of the Carnegie Mellon School of Design
|Carnegie Mellon College of Fine Arts|
The School of Design at Carnegie Mellon University is a degree-granting institution within a private university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States. The School of Design is one of five schools within the Carnegie Mellon College of Fine Arts offering both under and post graduate education. The School is accredited by Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and awards BDES, MA, MDES, MPS, MII-PS, DDES, and PhD degrees. The School of Design has 21 full-time and 10 adjunct faculty.
The university began as the Carnegie Technical Schools founded by Andrew Carnegie in 1900, with the vision that a school would be created where the working-class of Pittsburgh could learn the skills and trades needed to enhance their careers and community. Soon after the formation of the school, it was faced with a demand for baccalaureate programs. In 1912, the school became the Carnegie Institute of Technology (“Carnegie Tech”) that offered four-year degrees for students that attended the College of Engineering and the College of Fine Arts. 
In 1917, within the College of Fine Arts, the School of Applied Design was started with a series of focuses including commercial illustration, costume design, textile design, interior decoration, stage design, and printing—all within the Painting, Decorating and Sculpture departments. In 1928, a letter written to Professor Keeble from Westinghouse Electric Corporation requested that a Industrial Design course should be formed saying:
“The demand for the course in the fine art of design as applied to electrical machinery is one which we must meet within the next year .. . I hope that you and your faculty members will bear it in mind so that material may be selected and plans developed. I am sure that there is not a doubt in the world but that we shall bring this matter up with you a year hence.”
In the fall of 1934, Carnegie Institute of Technology was the first educational institution to introduce a Bachelor’s Degree programme for industrial design. Precursors for the program was the School of Applied Art and the Westinghouse Electric Corporation. Donald Dohner, ‘The Father of Industrial Design Education in America’ and faculty member at CIT until 1935, was the main person responsible for the program’s curriculum. His experience in industrial design at Westinghouse paired with his knowledge of tools and manufacturing made it clear that he knew what industrial design was and what it could be. The program he created is still being used by most industrial design programmes in the United States. Soon after, both the school and Westinghouse lost interest in the programme and, without a dean, it stayed a 2-year option until 1954. In 1954, a dean was placed to lead the industrial design program but it continued to have very little school and student interest. In 1967, Industrial Design merged with graphics, creating the Department of Design. It was officially established with four-year degree programs in industrial and graphic design. Also in 1967, the Carnegie Institute of Technology merged with the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research to form Carnegie Mellon University. In 1997 the department changed ‘graphic’ to communication design.
In 1994 The School of Design became the first institution to offer a degree in Interaction Design with the launch of a two-year masters (MDes). It was one of the first schools in North America to offer a PhD in Design (2000) and is one of four or five schools in the U.S. to offer the program. The program is built on information and communication design and teaches students the process needed in order to design desirable systems and interactions for the future.
The school in 2004 helped launch the Service Design Network (with Koln International School of Design, Linkopings Universitet, Politecnico di Milano and Domus Academy) and its faculty have contributed to a growing body of research in this area.
In 2014 the School introduced a new area of specialty: Transition Design. The program frames design as having a crucial role in creating a societal shift towards sustainable futures in a range of systems—transportation, healthcare, education, food and water, etc. Through transition design, these complex issues are addressed through interventions in all design specialties, alongside experts of other disciplines. This allows the research necessary to go beyond design on its own.
Programs of study
Human/user-centered design research methods, traditional and emerging processes and technological innovations are employed in the design of products, communications and environments. Three broad areas of focus inform programs and curricula: Design for Service, Design for Social Innovation and Transition Design.
The School offers degrees at the undergraduate, graduate and doctoral levels:
- Undergraduate Degree in Design (BDes): communication design, product design and design for environments
- Undergraduate Minor in Design
- Undergraduate Interdisciplinary Degree (BXA)
- MDes degree (Master of Design)
- MPS degree (Master of Professional Studies)
- MA degree (Master of Arts in Design)
- MII-PS degree (Master of Integrated Innovation for Products & Services)
- DDes degree in Design Studies (Doctor of Design): 3-year professional doctorate
- DDes degree in Transition Design
- PhD degree (Doctor of Philosophy in Design)
- PhD degree in Transition Design
Carnegie Mellon’s School of Design is annually ranked as one of the top design schools in the United States. in 2016, U.S. News & World Report ranked the School of Design’s Interaction Design program first in the country  Communication Design (graphic) program 5th  and the Industrial Design program third. CMU’s Industrial Design program has historically ranked in the top 10 design schools in the U.S. in the annual Design Intelligence survey of architecture and design schools. In 2014 and 2015, LinkedIn ranked Carnegie Mellon’s Design program as number one on their list: Best Undergraduate Universities for Designers. It was also ranked as number one for Graduate Universities for Designers.
Previous Heads of the School of Design
- 1970–1985: Joe Ballay
- 1985–1987: Alex Bally
- 1987–1991: Carroll Gantz
- 1991–1992: Steve Stadelmeier (interim)
- 1992–2002: Richard Buchanan
- 2002–2008: Dan Boyarski
- 2008–2009: Steve Stadelmeier (interim)
- 2009–2019: Terry Irwin
- 2019–current: Bruce Hanington
- University, Carnegie Mellon. "History - CMU - Carnegie Mellon University". www.cmu.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
- Lesko, Jim (1997-01-01). "Industrial Design at Carnegie Institute of Technology, 1934–1967". Journal of Design History. 10 (3): 269–292. doi:10.1093/jdh/10.3.269. ISSN 0952-4649.
- "Master of Design | Carnegie Mellon School of Design". design.cmu.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
- "PhD in Transition Design | Carnegie Mellon School of Design". design.cmu.edu. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
- "Best New Media Programs". Usnews.com. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- "Best Graphic Design Rankings". Usnews.com. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- Fenton, Edwin (2000). Carnegie Mellon 1900–2000: A Centennial History. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon University Press. ISBN 978-0-88748-323-3.