She was born to Oscar Smith Herron and Georgia Carol (Johnson) Herron, in Washington, D.C.
She is a founding member of "Jews of African Descent".
She has a BA in English from Eastern Baptist College in Pennsylvania (now Eastern University). She earned an M.A. in English from Villanova University in 1973, and an MFA in creative writing and a PhD in comparative literature and literary theory from the University of Pennsylvania.
Her debut novel, Thereafter Johnnie, a semi-autobiographical portrayal of African-American life, was critically well received.
Her critically acclaimed picture book Nappy Hair, a call-and-response story based on her own experiences as a child, was the cause of massive controversy when a New York City public school teacher was accused of racism after using it in the classroom.
Many of her writings, including her multimedia novel in progress, "Asenath and Our Song of Songs", refer to the intersections between Judaic and African cultures. Textual portions of "Asenath and Our Song of Songs" were published as separate novels in 2014, "Asenath and the Origin of Nappy Hair," and 2016, "PeacesongDC."
Herron wrote the libretto for the opera, "Let Freedom Sing: The Story of Marian Anderson" (Bruce Adolphe, composer), which was commissioned and produced by the Washington National Opera and the Washington Performing Arts Society in 2009 and 2011.
Herron has taught literature at many institutions, including Harvard University, Mount Holyoke College, Brandeis University, and Marien N'Guabi University in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo. In 2017 Herron joined the Classics Department at Howard University, and currently teaches undergraduate courses in Humanities (mostly epics) and Blacks in Antiquity.
She also teaches children directly working directly in Grecian epics with her vast understanding of ancient Greece mythology. She also has the ability to translate the ancient language.
Her scholarship includes work on African-American Judaica. Her scholarship also includes work on children's literature, multicultural literature, and Star Trek. Herron is currently developing Epicenter Stories to assist in her work with children, literacy, and multiculturalism.
- Thereafter Johnnie, 1991
- Asenath and the Origin of Nappy Hair, 2015
- Nappy Hair, 1997
- Always an Olivia, 2007
- Selected works of Angelina Weld Grimké, 1991
- Carolivia Herron. Notable Black American Women, Book 3. Gale Group, 2002.
- Ghert-Zand, Renee (June 24, 2012). "Always a Jew, Always an Olivia". The Times of Israel.