Afro-American religions (also known as African diasporic religions or New World traditions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southern United States. They derive from traditional African religions of West and Central Africa, Native American religions, European witchcraft with some influence from Christianity.
Afro-American religions involve veneration of the dead, and include a creator deity along with a pantheon of divine spirits such as the Orisha, Loa, Nkisi, and Alusi, among others. In addition to the religious syncretism of these various African traditions, many also incorporate elements of Indigenous American religion, Spiritism, Spiritualism and Christianity.
List of traditions
Other closely related regional faiths include:
- Puerto Rican Vudú or Sanse (Dahomean religion, Puerto Rico)
- Comfa (mixture of Odinani, Akan religion, Kongo, and Yoruba religion and knowledge traditions, along with Indigenous American, Asian, and European elements, Guyana)
- Xangô de Recife (Yoruba religion, Brazil)
- Xangô do Nordeste (Yoruba religion, Brazil)
- Santo Daime (folk Catholicism and Spiritism, Brazil)
- Espiritismo (mixture of Indigenous American, African, European, and Asian beliefs, Puerto Rico)
- Hoodoo (mixture of West African, Indigenous American, and European traditions, Mississippi Delta)
- For an extended discussion on Palo's history, see: Dodson, Jualynne E. (2008). Sacred spaces and Religious Traditions in Oriente Cuba. UNM Press.
- Eltis, David; Richardson, David (1997). Routes to slavery: direction, ethnicity, and mortality in the transatlantic slave trade. Routledge. p. 88. ISBN 0-7146-4820-5.
- Houk, James (1995). Spirits, Blood, and Drums: The Orisha Religion in Trinidad. Temple University Press.
- Xango de Recife[permanent dead link]