Afro-American religions (also known as African diasporic religions or New World traditions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southern United States. They derive from African traditional religions (of West and Central Africa), Indigenous American, and European traditions and beliefs.
Afro-American religions involve ancestor veneration, and include a supreme creator along with a pantheon of divine spirits, such as the Orisha, Loa, Nkisi, and Alusi, among others. In addition to the syncretism of these various African traditions, many New World religions incorporate elements of Indigenous American, European, Kardecist, Spiritualist, Christian, Islamic, Judaic, Hindu, and Buddhist traditions.
List of traditions
Other closely related regional faiths include:
- Puerto Rican Vudú or Sanse (Fon and Ewe, Puerto Rico)
- Comfa (mixture of Igbo, Akan, Kongo, and Yoruba knowledge traditions, along with Indigenous American, Asian, and European elements, Guyana)
- Xangô de Recife (Yoruba, Brazil)
- Xangô do Nordeste (Yoruba, Brazil)
- Tambor de Mina (Yoruba, Brazil)
- Santo Daime (folk Catholicism and Spiritism, Brazil)
- Espiritismo (mixture of Indigenous American, African, European, and Asian beliefs, Puerto Rico)
- Hoodoo (mixture of West African, Indigenous American, and European traditions, Mississippi Delta)
- For an extended discussion on Palo's history, see: Dodson, Jualynne E. (2008). Sacred spaces and Religious Traditions in Oriente Cuba. UNM Press.
- Eltis, David; Richardson, David (1997). Routes to slavery: direction, ethnicity, and mortality in the transatlantic slave trade. Routledge. p. 88. ISBN 0-7146-4820-5.
- Houk, James (1995). Spirits, Blood, and Drums: The Orisha Religion in Trinidad. Temple University Press.
- Xango de Recife