Casti-Wergenstein

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Casti-Wergenstein
Casti
Casti
Coat of arms of Casti-Wergenstein
Coat of arms
Location of Casti-Wergenstein
Casti-Wergenstein is located in Switzerland
Casti-Wergenstein
Casti-Wergenstein
Casti-Wergenstein is located in Canton of Graubünden
Casti-Wergenstein
Casti-Wergenstein
Coordinates: 46°37′N 9°25′E / 46.617°N 9.417°E / 46.617; 9.417Coordinates: 46°37′N 9°25′E / 46.617°N 9.417°E / 46.617; 9.417
CountrySwitzerland
CantonGraubünden
DistrictViamala
Government
 • MayorCasper Nicca
Area
 • Total25.62 km2 (9.89 sq mi)
Elevation
1,489 m (4,885 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total55
 • Density2.1/km2 (5.6/sq mi)
Postal code
7433
SFOS number3703
Surrounded byAndeer, Clugin, Donat, Mathon, Safien, Sufers
Websitehttp://www.casti-vargistagn.ch
SFSO statistics

Casti-Wergenstein or Casti-Vargistagn is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Casti-Wergenstein was created in 1923 through the union of the formerly independent municipalities of Casti and Wergenstein.[3]

Casti is first mentioned in 1204 as ad Castellum.[4] Wergenstein is first mentioned in 1219 as Vergasteno.[5]

Geography[edit]

Casti village church
Wergenstein village church

Casti-Wergenstein has an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 25.62 km2 (9.89 sq mi).[6] Of this area, about 50.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 9.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.7% is settled (buildings or roads) and 40.2% is unproductive land. In the 2004/09 survey a total of 7 ha (17 acres) or about 0.3% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 2 ha (4.9 acres) over the 1984/85 amount. Of the agricultural land, 78 ha (190 acres) is fields and grasslands and 1,224 ha (3,020 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1984/85 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 40 ha (99 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 44 ha (110 acres). Rivers and lakes cover 24 ha (59 acres) in the municipality.[7][8]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Schams sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Casti-Wergenstein has a population (as of December 2017) of 55.[10] As of 2015, 7.7% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 5 years (2010-2015) the population has changed at a rate of -10.34%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2015, was 19.4, while the death rate was 0.0 per thousand residents.[8]

As of 2015, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 17.3% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 67.3% of the population and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 15.4%.[8] In 2015 there were 24 single residents, 26 people who were married or in a civil partnership, widows or widowers and 2 divorced residents.[11]

In 2015 there were 21 private households in Casti-Wergenstein with an average household size of 2.48 persons. In 2015 about 66% of all buildings in the municipality were single family homes, which is much greater than the percentage in the canton (49.4%) and greater than the percentage nationally (57.4%).[12] Of the 41 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 68.3% were single family homes and 12.2% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 39.0% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 12.2% were built between 1991 and 2000.[13] In 2014 there was no new housing construction and the vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2016, was 0.0%.[8]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 55.0% male and 45.0% female.[14]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[15]

^a Before 1923, combined populations of Casti and Wergenstein.

Politics[edit]

In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP with 36.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (21.7%), the BDP (13.3%) and the SP (10.8%). In the federal election, a total of 24 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 58.5%. The 2015 election saw a large change in the voting when compared to 2011. The percentage of the vote received by the FDP increased sharply from 2.0% in 2011 to 21.7% in 2015, as did the SP from 5.1% to 10.8%. The percentage that the SVP received dropped from 41.8% to 36.7% and the BDP dropped from 41.8% to 13.3%.[16]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 46.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (29.6%), the CVP (12.6%) and the FDP (4.4%).[17]

Education[edit]

In Casti-Wergenstein about 82.6% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[17]

Economy[edit]

Casti-Wergenstein is a mixed agricultural and tertiary community, a municipality where agriculture and tertiary sector play a significant role in the economy.[18]

As of  2014, there were a total of 28 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 10 people worked in 4 businesses in the primary economic sector. There were no workers or businesses in the secondary sector. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 18 jobs in 5 businesses.[19]

In 2015 a total of 0.0% of the population received social assistance.[8] In 2011 the unemployment rate in the municipality was 0%.[20]

In 2015 the average cantonal, municipal and church tax rate in the municipality for a couple with two children making CHF 80,000 was 4.2% while the rate for a single person making CHF 150,000 was 18.3%, both of which are much higher than average for the canton or nationally. In 2013 the average income in the municipality per tax payer was CHF 65,178 and the per person average was CHF 28,285, which is less than the cantonal average of CHF 69,964 and CHF 33,075 respectively It is also less than the national per tax payer average of CHF 82,682 and the per person average of CHF 35,825.[21]

Languages[edit]

The municipality was once exclusively Romansh-speaking, using the Sursilvan dialect. However, since World War I, German has grown to the point that it is about evenly divided between Romansh-speaking and German-speaking population. Both are used as official languages in the municipality. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (55.4%), with German being second most common (42.9%) and Italian being third ( 1.8%).[17]

Languages in Casti-Wergenstein
Language Census of 1980 Census of 1990 Census of 2000
Number Percentage Number Percentage Number Percentage
German 7 19.44% 14 32.56% 24 42.86%
Romansh 29 80.56% 29 67.44% 31 55.36%
Italian 0 0.00% 0 0.00% 1 1.79%
Population 36 100% 43 100% 56 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Bilanz der ständigen Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Staatsangehörigkeit (Kategorie), Geschlecht und demographischen Komponenten". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  3. ^ Casti-Wergenstein in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Casti in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Wergenstein in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  7. ^ "Arealstatistik Land Use - Gemeinden nach 10 Klassen". www.landuse-stat.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d e Regionalporträts 2017: Swiss Federal Statistical Office ‹See Tfd›(in German) accessed 18 May 2017
  9. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  10. ^ "STAT-TAB – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit" (online database) (official site) (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office - FSO. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht, Zivilstand und Geburtsort ‹See Tfd›(in German) accessed 8 September 2016
  12. ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland - Anteil Einfamilienhäuser am gesamten Gebäudebestand, 2015 accessed 18 May 2017
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Thema 09 - Bau- und Wohnungswesen ‹See Tfd›(in German) accessed 5 May 2016
  14. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived September 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine ‹See Tfd›(in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, 1850-2000 ‹See Tfd›(in German) accessed 27 April 2016
  16. ^ "Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden" [National council elections 2015: strength of the parties and voter turnout by municipality] (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Archived from the original on 2016-08-02. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  17. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine accessed 06-Oct-2009
  18. ^ "Die Raumgliederungen der Schweiz 2016" (in German, French, Italian, and English). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 17 February 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  19. ^ Federal Statistical Office -Arbeitsstätten und Beschäftigte nach Gemeinde, Wirtschaftssektor und Grössenklasse accessed 31 October 2016
  20. ^ "Arbeitslosenquote 2011". Statistical Atlas of Switzerland. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  21. ^ "18 - Öffentliche Finanzen > Steuern". Swiss Atlas. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 26 April 2017.

External links[edit]